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Carrier Strike Group Twelve
[[File:
Carrier Strike Group 12 logo
|240x240px|frameless}}|Carrier Strike Group Twelve emblem|alt=]]
Carrier Strike Group Twelve emblem
Active 1 October 2004 to date.[1]
Country United States
Branch Seal of the United States Department of the Navy United States Navy
Type Carrier Strike Group
Role Naval air/surface warfare
Part of United States Fleet Forces Command
Garrison/HQ Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia
Nickname(s) Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group
Engagements Operation Iraqi Freedom
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Operation Medusa
Operation Mountain Fury
Operation New Dawn
Website Official Website
Commanders
Commander Rear Admiral Kevin J. "Komrade" Kovacich, USN[2]
Ceremonial chief Captain George Edward Lang, Jr., USN[3]
Command Master Chief ITCM(SW/AW/IDW) James K. Shumate, USN[4]
Aircraft flown

Carrier Strike Group Twelve (CSG-12 or CARSTRKGRU 12) is one of four U.S. Navy carrier strike groups currently assigned to the United States Fleet Forces Command. Carrier strike groups gain and maintain sea control as well as project naval airpower ashore.[6][7]

The aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt is the strike group's current flagship, replacing the recently deactivated Enterprise. As of 2013, other units assigned to the group included Carrier Air Wing One embarked on board the Theodore Roosevelt; the Ticonderoga-class cruisers Vicksburg and Normandy; and Destroyer Squadron 2.[8]

Between 2006 and 2011, Carrier Strike Group Twelve made four deployments to the U.S. Fifth Fleet operating in the Persian Gulf and North Arabian Sea. Strike group aircraft flew over 13,000 air combat missions in support of coalition ground forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, including 2006's Operation Medusa and Operation Mountain Fury in Iraq. The group's surface warships were also involved in several high-profile anti-piracy operations. The group participated in the multi-lateral exercises Anatolian Sun 2006, Reliant Mermaid 2007, and BALTOPS 2008; the bilateral exercise Inspired Union 2006; and the joint exercise Exercise Bold Alligator 2012.

Historical backgroundEdit

On 30 June 1973, Commander Cruiser Destroyer Flotilla Eight was re-designated as Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight (CCDG-8). Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group 8 subsequently served as the Immediate Superior-in-Command (ISIC) for the Saratoga, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Theodore Roosevelt carrier battle groups. The group took part in Operation Southern Watch and Operation Deny Flight.[9]

In 1986, while commanding Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight, Rear Admiral David E. Jeremiah commanded the Saratoga carrier battle group and Task Group 60.2 of the U.S. Sixth Fleet during a series of operations code-named Attain Document. They were intended to assert freedom of navigation in the Gulf of Sidra as well as to challenge the territorial claims of Libya to that body of water. Subsequently, the Saratoga carrier battle group and the rest of Task Force 60 carried out Operation El Dorado Canyon, a series of punitive air-strikes against Libya in retaliations to the 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing. During both operations, Admiral Jeremiah commanded Task Force 60, the three-carrier task force of the Sixth Fleet, code-named Battle Force Zulu.[10][11]

In the middle of 1992, the U.S. Navy instituted a concept which mandated greater task group integration of naval air and surface warfare assets into a more permanent carrier battle group structure. Instead of routinely changing the cruisers, destroyers, and frigates assigned to each carrier battle group, there was an attempt made to affiliate certain escorts more permanently with the carriers they escorted. Each of the Navy's 12 existing carrier battle groups was planned to consist of an aircraft carrier; an embarked carrier air wing; cruiser, destroyer, and frigate units; and two nuclear-powered attack submarines.[12] For details regarding this re-alignments as it pertained to Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight, see the chart below.[13]

During the early period of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Commander Carrier Destroyer Group Eight was embarked aboard THeodore Roosevelt as a part of Task Force 60, striking Iraqi targets from the Mediterranean Sea. On 1 September 2004, Rear Admiral James W. Stevenson, Jr., Commander Cruiser Destroyer Group Eight, took command of the Enterprise group.[14] Admiral Stevenson had been in command of Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight since May 2004.[15] Formerly, the Enterprise Carrier Strike Group had been under the command of Commander Cruiser Destroyer Group Twelve (CCDG-12) based in Naval Station Mayport, Florida.[16] On 1 October 2004, Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight (CruDesGru 8) was re-designated as Carrier Strike Group Twelve.[1]

Cruiser-Destroyer Group Eight, late 1992[13]
Cruisers/Submarines Destroyer Squadron 24 Carrier Air Wing 17 squadrons embarked aboard USS Saratoga (CV-60)
USS Philippine Sea (CG-58) USS Hayler (DD-997) USS John L. Hall (FFG-32) Fighter Squadron 103: F-14B Airborne Early Warning Sqd. 125: E-2C
USS Thomas S. Gates (CG-51) USS Moosbrugger (DD-980) USS Stephen W. Groves (FFG-29) Fighter Squadron 74: F-14B Sea Control Squadron 30: S-3B
USS Biddle (CG-34) USS Comte de Grasse (DD-974) USS Gallery (FFG-26) Strike Fighter Squadron 83: F/A-18C Helicopter Anti-Submarine Sqd. 9: SH-3H
USS Dale (CG-19) USS Arthur W. Radford (DD-968) USS Jack Williams (FFG-24) Strike Fighter Squadron 81: F/A-18C ——
USS City of Corpus Christi (SSN-705) —— —— Attack Squadron 35: A-7E ——
USS Billfish (SSN-676) —— —— Airborne Early Warning Sqd. 132: EA-6B ——

Command structureEdit

Commander Carrier Strike Group Twelve (COMCARSTRKGRU 12 or CCSG 12) is responsible for unit-level training, integrated training, and material readiness for the ships and aviation squadrons assigned to the group. When not deployed, the strike group is part of the U.S. Fleet Forces Command, and its commander reports to Commander Task Force 80.[8] The commander of Task Force 80 is the director of Fleet Forces' Maritime Headquarters, and Carrier Strike Group Twelve is designated Task Group 80.5.[17]

When deployed overseas, the group comes under command of the numbered fleet (i.e., Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, or Seventh) in whose area it is operating, and will have a task force or task group designator, for example, Task Group 50.1 in the Fifth Fleet area.[18]

Group commanders since 2004 have included:

    • Rear Admiral James W. Stevenson, Jr.   (September 2004 – June 2005)[14][19]
    • Rear Admiral Raymond A. Spicer   (June 2005 – February 2007)[19][20]
    • Rear Admiral Daniel P. Holloway   (February 2007 – August 2008)[20][21]
    • Rear Admiral John N. Christenson   (August 2008 – November 2009)[21][22]
    • Rear Admiral David H. Buss   (November 2009 – September 2010)[22][23]
    • Rear Admiral Terry Kraft   (September 2009 – September 2011)[23]
    • Rear Admiral Walter E. Carter, Jr.   (September 2011 – April 2013)[23][24]
    • Rear Admiral Kevin J. Kovacich   (April 2013 – Present)[23][24]

Operational historyEdit

On 3 September 2004, the group's flagship Enterprise entered the Newport News shipyard for an Extended Selected Restricted Availability overhaul.[25] On 13 October 2005, the Enterprise pulled away from Norfolk Naval Station’s Pier 12 for sea trials.[26][27] Enterprise's post-overhaul sea trials ended on 15 October 2005.[27]

2006 deploymentEdit

Anatolian Sun 2006

Anatolian Sun 2006

060926-N-9742R-023

Operation Medusa (Sept. 26, 2006)

On 2 May 2006, the strike group departed Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia, for its 2006 deployment under the command of Rear Admiral Ray Spicer.[28] Carrier Strike Group Twelve conducted training with naval forces from Bulgaria, Germany, Croatia, and Greece during its transit through the Mediterranean.[28] The guided-missile frigate Nichols (pictued) participated in Anatolian Sun, a Proliferation Security Initiative exercise, held between 24–26 May 2006 that was hosted for the first time by Turkey.[29]

Carrier Strike Group Twelve conducted two operational rotations with the Fifth Fleet during its 2006 deployment.[28] During the deployment, Carrier Air Wing One delivered 65,000 pounds (29,483.50 kilograms) of ordnance, including 137 precision weapons, to provide air support of Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Its aircraft completed more than 8,300 sorties, of which 2,186 were combat missions, while flying more than 22,500 hours and making 6,916 day and night arrested landings. Carrier Air Wing One provided the first combat air support to Operation Enduring Freedom from an aircraft carrier in more than three years.[28][30][31][32] The first Fifth Fleet rotation began when the strike group entered the Persian Gulf on 6 June 2006.[28][33] During this initial rotation, Carrier Air Wing One flew 781 sorties in support of coalition ground forces in Afghanistan for a total of 3,832 flight hours. The air wing also flew an additional 237 sorties in support of ground forces in Iraq for a total of 455 flight hours.[28][30][34] Carrier Strike Group Twelve ended this first operational phase and departed the Persian Gulf on 6 July 2006.[30][34] The strike group subsequently conducted a two-month deployment with the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the Western Pacific which included training exercises with Carrier Strike Group Five.[28] This was the first time that an East Coast-based carrier air wing had operated in the western Pacific in 18 years.[31]

On 28 August 2006, the group rejoined the Fifth Fleet and began its second rotation in the Persian Gulf on 8 September 2006.[30][35] Beginning on 2 September 2006, the strike group provided combat air support (pictured) for two major ground operations, with coalition forces engaging Taliban insurgents in the Kandahar Province as part of Operation Medusa while Operation Mountain Fury targeted Taliban forces in the Paktika, Khost, Ghazni, Paktia, Logar provinces adjacent to the Pakistani border. All four strike fighter squadrons from Carrier Air Wing One flew more than 450 sorties and delivered over 100 precision weapons during this second rotation to the Persian Gulf which ended on 1 November 2006.[28][30][31] Carrier Strike Group Twelve returned to Norfolk on 18 November 2006.[28][30]

2006 deployment force composition[30][36][37]
CARSTRKGRU 12 Warships Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) squadrons embarked aboard flagship USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
USS Leyte Gulf (CG-55) Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 251 (VMFA-251): F/A-18C(N) Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 123 (VAW-123): E-2C NP
USS McFaul (DDG-74) Strike Fighter Squadron 211 (VFA-211): F/A-18F Sea Control Squadron 32 (VS-32): S-3B
USS Nicholas (FFG-47) Strike Fighter Squadron 136 (VFA-136): F/A-18C Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron 11 (HS-11): SH-60F/HH-60H
USS Alexandria (SSN-757) Strike Fighter Squadron 86 (VFA-86): F/A-18C(N) Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 40 (VRC-40), Det. 4: C-2A
USNS Supply (T-AOE-6) Electronic Attack Squadron 137 (VAQ-137): EA-6B ——
2006 deployment exercises and port visits
Number Regional Exercises Port Visits Notes
Duration U.S. Force Bilateral/Multilateral Partner(s) Operating Area Location Dates
1st: —— Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Split, Croatia 17–21 May 2006 [28][30][38][39]
2nd: various Carrier Strike Group 12 Theater Security: Bulgaria, Germany, Croatia, and Greece Mediterranean Sea Souda Bay, Crete 23 May 2006 [28]
3rd: 24–26 May 2006 Nichols Anatolian Sun 06: France, Portugal, Turkey Mediterranean Sea Anatalya, Turkey 25 May 2006 [29][40][41]
4th: 16 July 2006 Carrier Strike Group 12 Carrier Strike Group 5 Philippine Sea Pusan, Korea 18 Jul. 2006 [28]
5th: —— Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Hong Kong 27-30 Sep. 2006 [28][30]
6th: —— Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1 Aug. 2006 [28][42]
7th: —— Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Singapore 3-6 Aug. 2006 [30][43]
8th: 3–21 Sep. 2006 Carrier Strike Group 12 Inspired Union 06: Pakistan Navy Northern Arabian Sea Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 15–19 Aug. 2006 [28][30][30][44]
9th: —— Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Jebel Ali, U.A.E 18–23 Oct. 2006 [28][45]

2007 deploymentEdit

On 7 July 2007, Carrier Strike Group Twelve departed Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia, for its 2007 deployment under the command of Rear Admiral Daniel P. Holloway.[46][47] Carrier Strike Group Twelve entered the U.S. Sixth Fleet area of responsibility on 16 July 2007. Seven days later, on 23 July 2007, two French Rafale M jet fighters landed on board the Enterprise and were subsequently launched, a first for an American aircraft carrier.[47] The group then paid a scheduled port visit to Cannes, France.

Dai Hong Dan

Dai Hong Dan (Oct. 30, 2007)

US Navy 071105-N-0000X-005 Members of a U.S. Navy rescue and assistance team provide humanitarian and medical assistance to the crew of the Taiwanese-flagged fishing trawler Ching Fong Hwa

Ching Fong Hwa (Nov. 5, 2007)

US Navy 070817-N-6524M-006 An F-A-18F Super Hornet attached to the Checkmates of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 211 and an S-3B Viking, attached to the Maulers of Sea Control Squadron Three Two (VS-32) prepare for catapult assis

S-3B Viking from VS-32 (Aug. 17, 2007)

Carrier Strike Group Twelve entered the U.S. Fifth Fleet area on 1 August 2007 and began combat air operations in the Persian Gulf on 12 August 2007.[47][48][49] During its 2007 deployment to the U.S. Fifth Fleet, aircraft from Carrier Air Wing One flew more than 7,500 missions, which included 1,676 combat missions, and made more than 6,500 arrested landings for a total of 20,300 hours. Aircraft dropped 73 air-to-ground weapons and fired 4,149 rounds of 20-mm ammunition in support of ground forces in Iraq and Afghanistan.[47][50] Strike group units also protected the Iraqi oil terminals at Al Başrah and Khor Al Amaya.[51]

On 25 September 2007, the Tanzanian-flagged passenger ferry Spice Islander I was off the coast of Somalia when she experienced engine problems due to contaminated fuel. After the alarm had been raised via Kenya, the destroyer Stout, operating with Combined Task Force 150, was dispatched to her aid.[52] The Spice Islander had been on a voyage from Oman to Tanzania, and it was not carrying any passengers. The destroyer James E. Williams also responded. Stout provided the ship with 7,800 US gallons (30,000 l; 6,500 imp gal) of fuel and supplied the ten-man crew with food and water. After her engines were restarted, she resumed her voyage to Tanzania.[53]

On the morning of 30 October 2007, Combined Maritime Forces Headquarters, based in Bahrain, received a call from the International Maritime Bureau, located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, providing the status of the North Korean cargo vessel Dai Hong Dan (pictured), which had been taken over the previous day by Somali pirates. The ship was approximately 60 nautical miles (110 km) northeast of Mogadishu, Somalia. At that time, the guided-missile destroyer James E. Williams was about 50 nautical miles (93 km) from the vessel and sent a helicopter to investigate the situation. The James E. Williams arrived in the vicinity of the Korean ship midday local time and contacted the pirates via bridge-to-bridge radio, ordering them to give up their weapons. At that point, the Korean crew had confronted the Somali pirates, regained control of the ship, and began communicating with the James E. Williams, requesting medical assistance. The crew said the pirates had been in control of the bridge, but the crew had retained control of the steering and engineering spaces. The James E. Williams crew provided care and assistance for approximately 12 hours to crew members and Somali pirates aboard Dai Hong Dan. Six pirates were captured, and one was killed. The pirates remained aboard Dai Hong Dan.[54][55] On 5 November 2007, the destroyers James E. Williams and Arleigh Burke provided aid to the crew of the M/V Ching Fong Hwa 168 (pictured), a Taiwanese-flagged fishing trawler that had been seized by pirates off the coast of Somalia in May. After the Somali pirates returned to shore, the destroyer escorted the Taiwanese ship out of Somali waters and provided needed supplies and medical assistance.[56][57][58] Finally, the guided-missile destroyer Forrest Sherman executed a circumnavigation of the African continent while performing theater security operations with local military forces as the flagship of Task Group 60.5, the U.S. Navy's Southeast Africa task force.[59][60] Forrest Sherman was also the first American warship to land a helicopter operated by the Ukrainian Navy.[61]

Carrier Strike Group Twelve transited the Suez Canal on 1 December 2007, and the group returned to Norfolk on 13 December 2007.[47][50] For this deployment, Enterprise received the Battle "E" award, the Battenberg Cup, and the Admiral Flatley Memorial Award for the year 2007.[62] Also during this deployment, the strike group was the second U.S. Navy carrier strike group to deploy with the new ASQ-228 Advanced Targeting Forward Looking Infrared (ATFLIR) targeting system for its F/A-18 strike fighters. This new system allowed its pilots to use their weapon systems at higher altitude with greater accuracy and safety.[63] Finally, the 2007 deployment marked the final cruise for squadron VS-32 and its S-3 Viking aircraft (pictured). During this deployment, VS-32 aircraft flew 960 sorties, which totaled more than 2,200 flight hours, and included more than 950 carrier landings. Squadron VS-32 operated at sea for 180 days with only 13 days spent in port.[47][64]

2007 deployment force composition[46][46][65][66]
CARSTRKGRU 12 Warships Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) squadrons embarked aboard flagship USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
USS Gettysburg (CG-64) Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 251 (VMFA-251): 10 F/A-18C(N) Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 123 (VAW-123): 4 E-2C NP
USS Forrest Sherman (DDG-98) Strike Fighter Squadron 211 (VFA-211): 14 F/A-18F Sea Control Squadron 32 (VS-32): S-3B
USS James E. Williams (DDG-95) Strike Fighter Squadron 136 (VFA-136): 12 F/A-18C Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron 11 (HS-11): 7 SH-60F/HH-60H
USS Stout (DDG-55) Strike Fighter Squadron 86 (VFA-86): 13 F/A-18C(N) Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 40 (VRC-40), Det. 4: 2 C-2A
USS Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) Electronic Attack Squadron 137 (VAQ-137): 4 EA-6B ——
USS Philadelphia (SSN-690) —— ——
USNS Supply (T-AOE-6) —— ——
2007–2008 deployment exercises and port visits
Number Regional Exercises Port Visits Notes
Duration U.S. Force Bilateral/Multilateral Partner(s) Operating Area Location Dates
1st: Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Cannes, France 24-27 Jul. 2007 [47]
2nd: —— Forrest Sherman, Arleigh Burke —— —— Souda Bay, Crete 26 Jul. 2007 [57][60]
3rd: August 2007 Forrest Sherman Reliant Mermaid 2007: Israeli Navy, Turkish Navy Mediterranean Sea Sevastopol, Ukraine 8 Aug. 2007 [60][61][67]
4th: —— Forrest Sherman —— —— Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 5 Sep. 2007 [60]
5th: —— Forrest Sherman —— —— Moroni, Comoros 12 Sep. 2007 [60]
6th: —— Forrest Sherman —— —— Maputo, Mazambique 17 Sep. 2007 [60]
7th: —— Forrest Sherman —— —— Durban, South Africa 16 Sep. 2007 [60]
8th: —— Forrest Sherman —— —— Cape Town, South Africa 5 Oct. 2007 [60]
9th: —— Forrest Sherman —— —— Pointe Noire, Republic of the Congo 26 Oct. 2007 [60]
10th: 10-13 Nov. 2007 Carrier Strike Group 12 Anti-submarine warfare: USS Miami (SSN-755) North Arabian Sea Jebel Ali, UAE 21 Oct. 2007 [47][68]
11th: —— Enterprise —— —— Naval Station Mayport 16 Dec. 2007 [47]

2008–2010 operationsEdit

US Navy 080611-N-3396B-129 Ships from various navies participating in Baltic Operations (BALTOPS) maneuver into formation

BALTOPS 2008 (June 11, 2008)

On 11 April 2008, the Enterprise began a two-year, $661.7 USD million Extended Drydocking Selected Restricted Availability (EDSRA) overhaul at the Northrop Grumman Newport News shipyard in Virginia.[47][69] While his flagship was going into refit, Rear Admiral Daniel P. Holloway was given the task of supervising Exercise BALTOPS 2008, that took place from 8 to 18 June 2008 (pictured).[70] BALTOPS began in 1971 as a NATO freedom of navigation exercise directed against the Soviet Union in the Baltic, and it is now a Partnership for Peace interoperability exercise involving former Warsaw Pact adversaries, including Russia. Holloway used the guided-missile cruiser Gettysburg as his temporary flagship which was joined by two other U.S. naval vessels, the guided-missile destroyer Cole from Destroyer Squadron 22 and the fleet oiler Patuxent from the Military Sealift Command, to form Task Group 369.4.[70][71][72] Gettysburg returned to Naval Station Mayport, Florida, on 14 July 2008.[71] Enterprise returned to Naval Station Norfolk on 19 April 2010 after completing its post-overhaul sea trials, signalling the start of the pre-deployment training cycle for Carrier Strike Group Twelve.[73]

2011 deploymentEdit

US Navy 110306-N-5324W-038 A rigid-hull inflatable boat from the guided-missile destroyer USS Bulkeley (DDG 84) approaches the Japanese-owned comme

MV Guanabara (March 6, 2011)

US Navy 110324-N-BZ392-412 Sailors man a dual-mounted M-240 machine gun aboard the guided-missile cruiser USS Leyte Gulf (CG 55) as an SH-60 Sea Ha

M/V Falcon Trader II (March 24, 2011)

US Navy 110621-N-ZZ999-027 The Navy's oldest aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CVN 65), left, passes the Navy's newest aircraft carrier, USS George

Enterprise (left) and George H.W. Bush at the Strait of Bab el Mandeb (June 21, 2011)

On 13 January 2011, Carrier Strike Group Twelve departed its homebase of Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia, under the command of Rear Admiral Terry B. Kraft.[74][75][76] The strike group entered the U.S. Sixth Fleet's area of responsibility on 20 January 2011 and following its transit of the Suez Canal on 15 February 2011, joined the U.S. Fifth Fleet.[76][77] During the 2011 deployment, aircraft from Carrier Air Wing One flew 7764 sorties, with more than 7120 combat sorties in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.[74] Units of Carrier Strike Group Twelve also disrupted nine piracy attacks, resulting in the capture of 75 suspected pirates and the detention of an additional 18 suspected pirates.[74][78] Also during this deployment, the guided-missile destroyer Barry was detached from Carrier Strike Group Twelve in order to participate in Operation Odyssey Dawn.[79][80] During that operation, on 19 March 2011, Barry was credited for launching the 2000th Tomahawk land-attack cruise missile.[81]

In February 2011, the Enterprise, the Leyte Gulf, Sterrett. and the Buckley, as well as the guided-missile destroyer Sterett, responded to the seizure of the American yacht Quest by Somali pirates off the coast of Oman.[74][82] During this event four pirates were killed, and 15 were taken into custody. Enterprise is the first U.S. aircraft carrier to directly support an counter-piracy incident.[74] Enterprise and Leyte Gulf also supported the recapture of the 37,000-dwt. Liberian-flagged bulk carrier M/V Arrilah-1 from Somali pirates by United Arab Emirates special operation forces on 2 April 2011.[74][83]

On 6 March 2011, while operating with Combined Task Force 151, the destroyer Buckley responded to a distress call from the Bahamian-flagged, Japanese-operated oil tanker MV Guanabara which had reported on the previous day of being under attack from Somali pirates while operating 328 nautical miles (607 km; 377 mi) southeast of Duqm, Oman. Joining Buckley was the Turkish frigate Giresun from NATO's Operation Ocean Shield. After determining that the Guanabara's crew was safely in the ship's citadel, Bulkeley's boarding team, supported overhead by its embarked SH-60 helicopter, secured the Bahamian-flagged vessel and detained four suspected pirates (pictured).[74][84][85] Three of the pirates were subsequently indicted in Japan, and the fourth was turned over to juvenile authorities, as it was determined that he was a minor.[86]

On 24 March 2011, units from Carrier Strike Group Twelve disrupted a pirate attack on the Philippine-flagged merchant vessel M/V Falcon Trader II. While operating in the Arabian Sea in support of Operation Enduring Freedom, at 10:00 A.M. local time, the carrier Enterprise and cruiser Leyte Gulf responded to a distress call from the Falcon Trader II reporting that suspected pirates in a small skiff were attempting to board the ship. A follow-up message reported that the pirates had boarded the Falcon Trader II, but confirmed that her crew was safely in the ship's citadel. A SH-60F helicopter from squadron HS-11 embarked on the Enterprise and a SH-60B helicopter from squadron HSL-48 on board the Leyte Gulf were dispatched to investigate the situation. Once on the scene, the HS-11 helicopter fired warning shots at the suspected pirates in the skiff, prompting them to flee the scene. The helicopter pursued the skiff which was observed trying to rendezvous with a suspected pirate mother ship. The helicopter came under small arms fire, but the flight crew were not harmed while the helicopter maintained surveillance of the situation. On 25 March 2011, after determining there were no pirates aboard, the Leyte Gulf sent a boarding party to the Falcon Trader II to free its crew (pictured).[76][87][88]

On 16 May 2011, the Bulkeley responded to a mayday call from the Panamanian-flagged, German-owned, 306,500-dwt very large crude carrier Artemis Glory. Bulkeley dispatched a SH-60B helicopter to the last reported position of the ship. Observing that a skiff carrying four men was firing upon the Artemis Glory, the HSL-48 helicopter opened fire, killing four suspected pirates. Without any Navy or Artemis Glory casualties, the ship was able to continue to its next port-of-call.[89]

On 21 June 2011, the Navy's oldest aircraft carrier - Enterprise - passed the Navy's newest carrier, the George H.W. Bush, in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait (pictured) as Carrier Strike Group Two relieved Carrier Strike Group Twelve as the Fifth Fleet's in-theater carrier strike group.[90] Carrier Strike Group Twelve transited the Suez Canal on 24 June 1022 and the Strait of Gibraltar on 3 July 2011.[74] On 15 July 2011, the group returned to Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia, completing its 2011 deployment.[74][78]

2011 deployment force composition[75][91][92]
Group Warships Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) squadrons embarked aboard flagship USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
USS Leyte Gulf (CG-55) Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 251 (VMFA-251): 12 F/A-18C(N) Electronic Attack Squadron 137 (VAQ-137): 4 EA-6B
USS Mason (DDG-87) Strike Fighter Squadron 211 (VFA-211): 11 F/A-18F Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 123 (VAW-123): 4 E-2C NP
USS Bulkeley (DDG-84) Strike Fighter Squadron 136 (VFA-136): 12 F/A-18C Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron 11 (HS-11): 7 SH-60F/HH-60H
USS Barry (DDG-52) Strike Fighter Squadron 11 (VFA-11): 13 F/A-18C(N) Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 40 (VRC-40), Det. 3: 2 C-2A
USNS Arctic (T-AOE-8) —— ——
2011 deployment exercises and port visits
Number Regional Exercises/Operations Port Visits Notes
Duration U.S. Force Bilateral/Multilateral Partner(s) Operating Area Location Dates
1st: —— Carrier Strike Group 12 —— —— Lisbon, Portugal 26-29 Jan. 2011 [74][76][87][93][94]
2nd: —— Barry —— —— Valletta, Malta 29 Jan. to 1 Feb. 2011 [79]
3rd: —— Mason —— —— Palma de Mallorca, Spain 30 Jan. to 1 Feb. 2011 [95]
4th: —— Enterprise, Leyte Gulf —— —— Marmaris, Turkey 7-11 Feb. 2011 [74][76][87]
5th: —— Barry —— —— Djibouti 10 Feb. 2011 [79]
6th: —— Mason —— —— Haifa, Israel 15 Mar. 2011 [95]
7th: —— Barry —— —— Augusta Bay, Italy 31 Mar. 2011 [79]
8th: 19 Mar. to 9 Apr. 2011 Enterprise, Leyte Gulf Operation Enduring Freedom: ISAF [Note 1] North Arabian Sea Manama, Bahrain 12-16 Apr. 2011 [74][76][87][96]
9th: —— Barry —— —— Rhodes, Greece 5–11 May 2011 [79][97]
10th: 17-28 Apr. 2011 Enterprise Operation New Dawn: Multi-National Force – Iraq Persian Gulf Jebel Ali, UAE 9 May 2011 [74][76]
11th: —— Barry —— —— Gaeta, Italy 12-17 Jun. 2011 [79][98]
12th: —— Bulkeley —— —— Raphael, France 22-24 Jun. 2011 [85]
13th: —— Enterprise —— —— Souda Bay, Greece 25 Jun. 2011 [28]
14th: —— Bulkeley —— —— Menorca, Spain 25-27 Jun. 2011 [85]
16th: —— Barry —— —— Rota, Spain 26 Jun. 2011 [79][99]
17th: 2 May to 2 Jun. 2011 Enterprise Operation Enduring Freedom: ISAF[Note 2] North Arabian Sea Palma de Mallorca, Spain 28 Jun. to 2 Jul. 2011 [28][74][100]
19th: 1 Jul. 2011 Bulkeley Disaster training exercise: Portuguese Navy In-port Lisbon, Portugal 1-4 Jul 2011 [85][101][102]
20th: —— Mason —— —— Bodrum, Turkey 9 Jul. 2011 [95]
21st: —— Enterprise —— —— Naval Station Mayport 13 Jul. 2011 [28][74]

Bold Alligator 2012Edit

Flickr - Official U.S. Navy Imagery - Ships are underway participating in exercise Bold Alligator 2012.

Bold Alligator 2013 (February 4, 2012)

On 11 January 2012, the strike group proceeded to sea for pre-deployment training and its Composite Training Unit Exercise.[103] From 30 January to 12 February 2012, the group took part in Bold Alligator 2012, the largest amphibious assault exercise held on the east coast of the United States since 2002. Bold Alligator 2012 also served as the group Joint Task Force Exercise, the final pre-deployment training exercise needed to receive its combat-readiness certification.[104][105] During the exercise, the air wing completed 3,830 flight hours, made 2,052 arrested landings, and received a 96 percent sortie completion rate.[106] This included a single-day total of 107 sorties flown on 6 February 2012 during the exercise amphibious assault phase.[105][107] U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta visited Enterprise on 21 January 2012, observing flight operations and meeting members of the crew.[108] The strike group completed its pre-deployment training and returned to Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia, on 10 February 2012.[105]

2012 deploymentEdit

Carrier Strike Group 12 - Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 PASSEX March 2012

PASSEX with Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 (March 24, 2012)

120808-N-ZZ999-021

Dhow afire in Gulf of Oman (Aug. 8, 2012)

On 11 March 2012, Carrier Strike Group Twelve departed Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia, for its 2012 deployment under the command of Rear Admiral Walter E. Carter, Jr.[109] The strike group transited the Strait of Gibraltar on 23 March 2012, and it subsequently conducted a passing exercise with Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 between 24–25 March 2012 (pictured).[110][111] The strike group transited the Suez Canal to join the Fifth Fleet on 3 April.[109][112] On 8 April 2012, the guided-missile destroyer Porter was detached in order to join Combined Task Force 151 for counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden.[113] On 1 May, Carrier Strike Group Twelve began combat air support to the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, with Carrier Air Wing One flying 29 sorties that first day.[109][114] The strike group operated with Carrier Strike Group Nine until CSG-9 was relieved by Carrier Strike Group Eight on 16–17 July 2012.[115] In total, aircraft from Carrier Air Wing One flew 9,875 sorties, of which 2,241 were combat missions, while the Enterprise made ten transits through the Strait of Hormuz. The average flight time per sortie was almost six hours per flight. During this deployment, the strike group's longest at-sea period was 52 days.[116] On the evening of 8 August, the guided-missile destroyer James E. Williams rescued ten mariners from a burning Iranian-flagged dhow (pictured) while operating in the Gulf of Oman. Of the ten mariners, eight were identified as Iranians and two were Pakistanis. The rescued mariners received medical treatment and transport to the carrier Enterprise before being repatriated back to Iran on 10 August 2012.[117] James E. Williams reentered the Mediterranean Sea on 25 August.[118]

On 12 August, at 1:00 a.m. local time, the guided-missile destroyer Porter collided with the Panamanian-flagged, Japanese-owned oil tanker M/V Otowasan near the Strait of Hormuz.[113][119][120] The collision ripped a large hole in Porter's starboard side above the waterline, forcing her to put into Jebel Ali, Dubai, for inspection and repairs. No one on either ship was injured from the collision. The Otowasan had been en route from Fujairah, UAE, to Mesaieed, Qatar, at the time of the collision.[119] On 12 October 2012, the strike group transited the Suez Canal, with Porter rejoining following extensive repairs. From 24–26 October, Enterprise offloaded munitions to USNS Sacagawea and USNS Matthew Perry, at sea in the Atlantic.[121] On 4 November, Enterprise, returned to Norfolk after steaming 80,968 nautical miles (149,953 km; 93,176 mi) during the seven-and-a-half-month deployment.[109][122]

2012 deployment force composition[123][124][125]
CARSTRKGRU 12 Warships Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) squadrons embarked aboard flagship USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
USS Vicksburg (CG-69) Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 251 (VMFA-251): 9 F/A-18C(N) Electronic Attack Squadron 137 (VAQ-137): 4 EA-6B
USS James E. Williams (DDG-95) Strike Fighter Squadron 211 (VFA-211): 11 F/A-18F Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 123 (VAW-123): 4 E-2C NP
USS Nitze (DDG-94) Strike Fighter Squadron 136 (VFA-136): 12 F/A-18C Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron 11 (HS-11): 7 SH-60F/HH-60H
USS Porter (DDG-78) Strike Fighter Squadron 11 (VFA-11): 11 F/A-18F Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 40 (VRC-40), Det. 3: 2 C-2A
2012 deployment exercises and port visits
Number Regional Exercises Port Visits Notes
Duration U.S. Force Bilateral/Multilateral Partner(s) Operating Area Location Dates
1st: 24–25 March 2012 Carrier Strike Group 12 PASSEX: Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 Mediterranean Sea —— —— [111]
2nd: —— Nitze —— —— Villefranche, France 26-29 Mar. 2012 [126][127]
3rd: —— Porter —— —— Palma de Mallorca, Spain 26-30 Mar. 2012 [113][128]
4th: —— James E. Williams —— —— Civitavecchia, Italy 26-29 Mar. 2012 [118]
5th: —— Enterprise, Vicksburg —— —— Piraeus, Greece 28-31 Mar. 2012 [109][129][130]
6th: 6 Apr. 2012 Nitze PASSEX: Egyptian corvette El Suez (F941) Red Sea Manama, Bahrain 17 May 2012 [126]
7th: —— James E. Williams —— —— Manama, Bahrain 18 Apr. 2012 [118]
8th: 16-21 Apr. 2012 Carrier Strike Group 12 FS Cassard (D 614), HMS Daring (D32) Arabian Sea Jebel Ali, UAE 24-28 Apr. 2012 [109][129][131]
9th: —— Enterprise, Vicksburg —— —— Manama, Bahrain 20–28 May 2012 [109][129][132][133]
10th: —— Porter —— —— Hidd, Bahrain 22-25 Jun. 2012 [113]
11th: 27 Jul. 2012 Nitze PASSEX: HMCS Charlottetown (FFH 339) Arabian Sea Victoria, Seychelles 24 Jun. 2012 [126][134]
12th: —— Enterprise, Vicksburg —— —— Jebel Ali, UAE 1-6 Jul. 2012 [109][129]
13th: 8 Aug. 2012 Carrier Strike Group 12 PASSEX: HMS Diamond (D34) Arabian Sea Khalifa Bin Salman Port, Bahrain 11-12 Aug. 2012 [109][129][135]
14th: —— Vicksburg —— —— Manama, Bahrain 10–24 Aug. 2012 [129][136]
15th: —— Enterprise —— —— Jebel Ali, UAE 25 Aug. 2012 [109]
15th: —— Enterprise, Vicksburg —— —— Jebel Ali, UAE 28 Sept. 2012 [109][129]
16th: —— Enterprise, Nitze —— —— Naples, Italy 16-21 Oct. 2012 [109][126]
17th: —— Vicksburg, Porter —— —— Lisbon, Portugal 17 Oct. 2012 [113][129]
18th: —— Enterprise —— —— Naval Station Mayport, Florida 31 Oct. to 2 Nov. 2012 [109]

Unit changesEdit

450x338 q75 (1)

USS Enterprise deactivation (Dec. 1 2012)

Following the 2012 deployment, three units of Carrier Strike Group Twelve are slated for decommissioning or reassignment. Enterprise (pictured) was inactivated on 1 December 2012 at Norfolk Naval Station, Virginia, with its actual decommissioning scheduled to begin no later than 15 March 2013.[137] Initially, the U.S. Navy had planned to retire Vicksburg along with three other Ticonderoga-class cruisers in fiscal year 2013.[138] However, after much discussion, Vicksburg and two other Ticonderoga-class cruisers were retained under the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, with Vicksburg joining the USS Normandy (CG-60) as units of Carrier Strike Group Twelve.[8][139]

The Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) was reassigned to be the group's new flagship.[8] Carrier Air Wing One was reassigned to Theodore Roosevelt.[140] The Theodore Roosevelt returned to Norfolk Naval Station, Virginia, on 29 August 2013, completing its post-overhaul sea trials that concluded its four-year mid-life Refueling and Complex Overhaul.[141]

On 22 October 2012, the Department of Defense announced that Rear Admiral Kevin Kovacich was selected to take command of Carrier Strike Group Twelve.[142] Admiral Kovacich took command of the strike group on 15 April 2013.[24]

2013–2014 operationsEdit

On 14 September 2013, Theodore Roosevelt successfully completed flight deck certification which entailed completing a total of 160 carrier landings during daytime and night-time operations. Other certification drills included rigging the emergency barricade, flight deck firefighting evolutions, and crash and salvage operations.[143] On 17 September 2013, Theodore Roosevelt completed its first underway replenishment in over four years.[144]

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. Over 1450 combat sorties were flown by Carrier Air Wing One from 19 March to 9 April 2011.
  2. 2970 combat sorties were flown by Carrier Air Wing One from 2 May to 2 June 2011.

NotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Curtis A. Utz and Mark L. Evans (July–August 2005). "The Year in Review 2004". Naval Aviation News. Washington, DC: U.S. Navy. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+year+in+review+2004.-a0135373826. Retrieved 2010-11-09. "Aviation Command Changes, 2004" 
  2. "Rear Admiral Kevin J. "Komrade" Kovacich". Leadership: Commander Carrier Strike Group Two. Carrier Strike Group Twelve. 2012. http://www.ccsg12.navy.mil/. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  3. "Leadership: Chief of Staff". Leadership: Chief of Staff. Carrier Strike Group Twelve. 2012. http://www.ccsg12.navy.mil/. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  4. "Leadership: Senior Enlisted Advisor". Leadership: Command Master Chief. Carrier Strike Group Twelve. 2013. http://www.ccsg12.navy.mil/. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Morison, Samuel Loring (May 2012). "U.S. Naval Battle Force Changes 1 January 2011—31 December 2011: Aircraft Carrier Air Wing Assignments and Composition as of 2 April 2012". pp. 112. ISSN 0041-798X. http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2012-05. Retrieved 2012-05-11. "Registration required." 
  6. "The Carrier Strike Group". Navy Data. U.S. Navy. 2011. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/ships/carriers/powerhouse/cvbg.asp. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  7. Addison, Jr., Victor G. (July 2010). "The answer was the Carrier Strike Group ... Now What was the Question?". p. 47. ISSN 0041-798X. http://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2010-07/answer-carrier-strike-group-now-what-was-question. Retrieved 2013-10-17. "A CSG deploys with a carrier air wing plus rotary-wing assets and is equipped to conduct sustained maritime power-projection, combat, and other missions." 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Mission". Carrier Strike Group Twelve. U.S. Navy. 2012. http://www.ccsg12.navy.mil/. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  9. "Cruiser Destroyer Group Eight". Military. GlobalSecurity.org. May 7, 2011. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/navy/crudesgru8.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  10. Polmar, Norman (2008). Aircraft Carriers: A History of Carrier Aviation and Its Influence on World Events: Vol. II, 1946-2006. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, Inc.. pp. 369–374. ISBN 978-157488-665-8. http://www.potomacbooksinc.com/Books/BookDetail.aspx?productID=69770. 
  11. Stanik, Joseph T. (2003). El Dorado Canyon: Reagan's Undeclared War With Qaddafi. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 120, 123–140, 202–205. ISBN 978-155750-983-3. http://www.usni.org/store/books/history/el-dorado-canyon. 
  12. Polmar, Norman (1993). The Naval Institute Guide to The Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet, 15th ed.. Annapolis, Maryland: U.S. Naval Institute Press. pp. 32, 36 (Table 6-5), 376. ISBN 1-55750-675-2. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Polmar, Norman (1993). The Naval Institute Guide to The Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet, 15th ed.. Annapolis, Maryland: U.S. Naval Institute Press. pp. 36 (Table 6-5), 376, 377–381, 383, 386. ISBN 1-55750-675-2. 
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  39. Journalist 3rd Class Jill Lynn Broecher and Journalist 1st Class (SW) Hendrick L. Dickson (May 18, 2006). "Croatian Officials Welcome Big "E"". NNS060518-10. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=23712. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
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  79. 79.0 79.1 79.2 79.3 79.4 79.5 79.6 "2011 operations". USS Barry DDG 52. USCarrier.net. April 27, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/ddg52history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  80. "US Navy P-3C, USAF A-10 and USS Barry Engage Libyan Vessels". NNS110329-03. Joint Task Force Odyssey Dawn Public Affairs. March 29, 2011. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=59406. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  81. Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Eric Garst, USN (August 9, 2011). "Navy Recognizes USS Barry Sailors for 2,000th Tomahawk Launch Milestone". NNS110809-13. Commander, U.S. 2nd Fleet Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=62061. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 
  82. "4 American hostages killed by Somali pirates - World news - Africa - Somalia". MSNBC. February 22, 2011. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41715530/ns/world_news-africa/t/four-american-hostages-killed-somali-pirates/. Retrieved 2012-06-02.  and Jim Garamone (February 22, 2011). "Admiral provides details of Somali piracy killings". American Forces Press Service. U.S. Central Command. http://www.centcom.mil/news/admiral-provides-details-of-somali-piracy-killings. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  83. "U.A.E. Takes Back MV Arrilah-1". Piracy Report. SomaliaReport. April 3, 2011. http://www.somaliareport.com/index.php/post/435/UAE_Takes_Back_MV_Arrilah-1. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  84. "USS Bulkeley Frees Ship and Crew From Pirates". NNS110306-02. Combined Maritime Forces Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=58946. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  85. 85.0 85.1 85.2 85.3 "2011 Operations". USS Buckley DDG 84. USCarrier.net. February 7, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/ddg84history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  86. "3 pirates indicted over attack on Japan-run tanker in Indian Ocean". April 1, 2011. http://www.japantoday.com/category/crime/view/3-pirates-to-be-indicted-over-attack-on-japan-run-tanker-in-indian-ocean. Retrieved 2011-04-03. 
  87. 87.0 87.1 87.2 87.3 "2011 operations". USS Leyte Gulf CG 55. USCarrier.net. January 31, 2011. http://www.uscarriers.net/cg55history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  88. "U.S. Navy Disrupts Pirate Attempt In Arabian Sea". NNS110325-10. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. March 25, 2011. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=59331. Retrieved 2012-06-02. , and "US Navy Disrupts Pirate Attempt In Arabian Sea". Release #032-11. U.S. Naval Forces Central Command. March 25, 2011. http://www.cusnc.navy.mil/articles/2011/032.html. Retrieved 2012-06-02. , and "U.S. Navy foils pirate attack in Arabian Sea". WorldWatch. CBS News. March 25, 2011. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503543_162-20047167-503543.html. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  89. "USS Bulkeley Protects MV Artemis Glory From Pirate Attack". Combined Maritime Forces. May 17, 2011. http://combinedmaritimeforces.com/2011/05/17/uss-bulkeley-protects-mv-artemis-glory-from-pirate-attack/. Retrieved 2012-06-02. , and "USS Bulkeley Protects M/V Artemis Glory From Pirates". NNS110517-10. Combined Maritime Forces. May 17, 2011. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=60422. Retrieved 2012-06-05. , and "HSL-48 Rescues Artemis Glory". Military / Mayport Mirror. The Florida Times-Union. June 8, 2011. http://jacksonville.com/military/mayport-mirror/2011-06-08/story/hsl-48-rescues-artemis-glory. Retrieved 2012-06-05. , and "All pirates attacked to Artemis Glory are believed to have been killed". Safety4Sea. May 18, 2011. http://www.safety4sea.com/page/4019/4/all-pirates-attacked-to-artemis-glory-are-believed-to-have-been-killed. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  90. Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Aaron Chase, USN (June 24, 2011). "Enterprise', Bush Conduct Unique Pass in Red Sea". NNS110624-13. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=61237. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  91. "Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) (AB) - USS Enterprise CVN-65 : Jan. 13, 2011 - Jul. 15, 2011 (Med, Persian Gulf, North Arabian Sea)". GoNavy.jp. March 7, 2012. http://www.gonavy.jp/CV-CVN65f.html. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
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  93. "USS Enterprise Arrives in Lisbon". Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. January 26, 2011. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=58200. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  94. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Austin Rooney, USN (January 30, 2011). "USS Enterprise (CVN 65) Concludes Port Visit to Lisbon, Portugal". NNS110130-03. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=58273. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  95. 95.0 95.1 95.2 "2011 operations". USS Mason DDG 87. USCarrier.net. February 7, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/ddg87history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  96. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Peter D. Melkus, USN (April 18, 2012). "Enterprise Concludes Visit to Bahrain". NNS110418-02. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=59825. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  97. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jonathan Sunderman, USN (May 12, 2011). "USS Barry Sailors Maximize Experience During Port Visit to Rhodes, Greece". NNS110512-05. USS Barry Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=60303. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  98. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jonathan Sunderman USN (June 19, 2011). "Barry Concludes Gaeta, Italy Port Visit". NNS110619-04. USS Enterprise (CVN 65) Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=61122. Retrieved 2002012-06-02. 
  99. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class (SW) Jonathan Sunderman, USN (July 4, 2011). "USS Barry Sailors Visits Rota, One Sailor Visits Home". NNS110704-07. USS Enterprise (CVN 65). http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=61410. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  100. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Daniel J. Meshel, USN (June 28, 2011). "Big 'E' Pulls Into Palma After 75 Days Underway". NNS110628-01. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=61295. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  101. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Lauren G. Randall, USN (July 5, 2011). "Bulkeley Sailors Partner with Portuguese Navy". NNS110705-15. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=61434. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  102. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Lauren G. Randall, USN (July 5, 2011). "Commander, US Sixth Fleet Visits Bulkeley in Menorca, Spain". NNS110705-03. USS Enterprise (CVN 65) Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=61414. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  103. Chief Mass Communication Specialist Stephen M. White, USN (January 11, 2012). "Enterprise Gets Underway for Final Qualifications". NNS120111-01. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=64709. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  104. "Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX)". Military. GlobalSecurity.org. May 7, 2011. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/jtfex.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  105. 105.0 105.1 105.2 Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Peter Melkus, USN (February 10, 2012). "Enterprise Completes Successful Monthlong Underway". NNS120210-05. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=65268. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  106. Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class (SW) Kristin L. Grover, USN (February 10, 2012). "CVW-1 Wraps-up Underway, Departs Enterprise". NNS120210-02. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=65270. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  107. "Marines storm U.S. beaches in training exercise". CBS News. February 7, 2012. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-57372575/marines-storm-u.s-beaches-in-training-exercise/. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  108. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Scott Pittman, USN (January 22, 2012). "SECDEF Tours Enterprise, Addresses Crew". NNS120122-03. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=64923. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  109. 109.00 109.01 109.02 109.03 109.04 109.05 109.06 109.07 109.08 109.09 109.10 109.11 109.12 "2012 operations". USS Enterprise CVN-65. UScarriers.net. April 24, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/cvn65history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  110. Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Randy J. Savarese, USN (March 26, 2012). "Enterprise Transits Strait of Gibraltar". NNS120326-01. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66089. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  111. 111.0 111.1 Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class (SW) Steve Smith, USN (March 26, 2012). "Enterprise CSG Completes Passing Exercise". NNS120326-02. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66085. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  112. Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Harry Andrew D. Gordon, USN (April 4, 2012). "Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Arrives in U.S. 5th Fleet". NNS120404-05. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66274. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  113. 113.0 113.1 113.2 113.3 113.4 "2012 operations". USS Porter DDG-78. UScarriers.net. April 11, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/ddg78history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  114. Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Steve Smith, USN (May 6, 2012). "Enterprise, CVW-1 Support Operation Enduring Freedom". NNS120506-08. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=67002. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  115. "Enterprise joins Lincoln in waters near Iran". News. Navy Times. April 9, 2012. http://www.navytimes.com/news/2012/04/ap-navy-deploys-2nd-aircraft-carrier-to-gulf-040912/. Retrieved 2012-06-05. , and Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Amanda L. Kilpatrick, USN (July 16, 2012). "Lincoln Carrier Strike Group Transits Suez, Enters 6th Fleet AOR". NNS120716-10. USS Abraham Lincoln Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68396. Retrieved 2012-07-18. , and "Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group Arrives in U.S. 5th Fleet". NNS120717-03. Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. July 17, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68417. Retrieved 2012-07-18. 
  116. Christina Silva (October 20, 2012). "USS Enterprise makes final port stop in Naples, Italy". Stars and Stripes. http://www.stripes.com/news/uss-enterprise-makes-final-port-stop-in-naples-italy-1.193812. Retrieved 2012-10-22. 
  117. Luis Martinez (August 8, 2012). "U.S. Navy Rescues 10 From Iranian Ship on Fire". National Security. ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/08/u-s-navy-rescues-iranian-mariners-from-ship-on-fire/. Retrieved 2012-08-09. , and "USS James E. Williams Rescues Iranian Mariners". NNS120808-14. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. August 8, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68901. Retrieved 2012-08-09. , and "Mariners Head Home Following Rescue At Sea". NNS120810-15. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. August 10, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68938. Retrieved 2012-08-14. , and "USS James E. Williams Transfers Rescued Mariners to Iranian Vessel". NNS120811-05. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. August 11, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68961. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  118. 118.0 118.1 118.2 "2012 operations". USS James E. Williams DDG-95. UScarriers.net. April 27, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/ddg95history.htm. Retrieved 2012-09-03. 
  119. 119.0 119.1 "Update: No Injuries In Strait Of Hormuz Collision". NNS120811-11. U.S. Naval Forces Central Command Public Affairs. August 12, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68963. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  120. "Strait of Hormuz open after tanker, U.S. navy ship collides". Reuters. August 13, 2012. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/13/us-gulf-oil-collision-idUSBRE87B05920120813. Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  121. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Brian G. Reynolds, USN (October 29, 2012). "Enterprise Completes Final Ammunition Offload". Military.com. http://www.military.com/daily-news/2012/10/29/enterprise-completes-final-ammunition-offload.html?comp=7000023468025&rank=2. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  122. "Enterprise Carrier Strike Group To Return To Norfolk". NNS121030-15. U.S Fleet Forces Public Affairs. October 30, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=70413. Retrieved 2012-11-01.  and "USS Enterprise Returns Home From Final Deployment". NNS121105-04. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. November 5, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=70489. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  123. "Enterprise Departs on Final Deployment". NNS120311-02. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. March 11, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=65824. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  124. "Carrier Air Wing One (CVW-1) (AB) - USS Enterprise CVN-65: Mar. 11, 2012 - (Med, Persian Gulf, North Arabian Sea)". GoNavy.jp. May 9, 2012. http://www.gonavy.jp/CV-CVN65f.html. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
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  126. 126.0 126.1 126.2 126.3 "2012 operations". USS Nitze DDG-94. UScarriers.net. March 25, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/ddg94history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  127. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jeff Atherton, USN (March 26, 2012). "USS Nitze Arrives in France". NNS120326-12. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66100. Retrieved 2012-06-04.  and Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jeff Atherton, USN (April 2, 2012). "USS Nitze Departs France". NNS120402-14. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66213. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  128. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Alex R. Forster, USN (March 26, 2012). "USS Porter Arrives in Spain". NNS120326-13. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66101. Retrieved 2012-06-04.  and Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Alex R. Forster, USN (March 31, 2012). "USS Porter Departs Palma". NNS120331-06. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66198. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  129. 129.0 129.1 129.2 129.3 129.4 129.5 129.6 129.7 "2012 operations". USS Vicksburg CG-69. UScarriers.net. May 29, 2012. http://www.uscarriers.net/cg69history.htm. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  130. Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Brian G. Reynolds, USN (March 28, 2012). "Enterprise Visits Greece". NNS120328-05. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=66130. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  131. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Nick C. Scott, USN (May 10, 2012). "Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Conducts Multinational Training". NNS120510-16. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=67089. Retrieved 2012-06-04.  and Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Nick C. Scott, USN (May 10, 2012). "Vicksburg Conducts Multinational Operations". NNS120510-17. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=67090. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  132. MC3 Nick C. Scott (June 6, 2012). "USS Vicksburg On Deployment: Vicksburg visit". MC3 Nick C. Scott. Jacksonville.com. http://jacksonville.com/military/mayport-mirror/2012-06-06/story/uss-vicksburg-deployment. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  133. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Nick C. Scott, USN (June 2, 2012). "Vicksburg Visits Bahrain". NNS120601-10. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=67535. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  134. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jeff Atherton, USN (June 27, 2012). "USS Nitze Arrives in Seychelles". NNS120627-03. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68077. Retrieved 2012-06-27. , and Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jeff Atherton, USN (August 1, 2012). "USS Nitze Trains with HMCS Charlottetown". NNS120801-03. Enterprise Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=68741. Retrieved 2012-08-17. , and "USS Nitze Trains With HMCS Charlottetown". RCN News. August 1, 2012. http://rcnnewsmagazine.blogspot.com/2012/08/uss-nitze-trains-with-hmcs-charlottetown.html. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  135. "HMS Diamond joins forces with USS Enterprise". Royal Navy. Ministry of Defense. August 15, 2012. http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceNews/MilitaryOperations/HmsDiamondJoinsForcesWithUssEnterprise.htm. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  136. Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Nick Scott, USN (September 2, 2012). "USS Vicksburg Completes Bahrain Port Visit". NNS120902-01. Enterprise Strike Group Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=69368. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  137. "Enterprise, Navy's First Nuclear-Powered Aircraft Carrier, Inactivates". NNS121201-03. USS Enterprise Public Affairs. March 11, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=70899. Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  138. Jacqueline Klimas (March 14, 2012). "11 ships to be decommissioned in fiscal 2013". Navy Times. http://www.navytimes.com/news/2012/03/navy-11-ships-to-be-decommissioned-in-fiscal-2013-031412w/. Retrieved 2012-11-05. 
  139. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, p. 5.
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  141. "Theodore Roosevelt Returns to Norfolk as a Ready for Tasking Carrier". NNS130829-16. USS Theodore Roosevelt Public Affairs. August 29, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=76254. Retrieved 2012-08-30.  and "Roosevelt Successfully Completes RCOH". NNS130829-20. PEO Carriers Public Affairs. August 29, 2012. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=76261. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  142. "One-, two-star flag assignments announced". Navy Times. October 22, 2012. http://www.navytimes.com/news/2012/10/navy-flag-assignments-102212w/. Retrieved 2012-11-05. 
  143. Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Heath Zeigler, USN (September 16, 2013). "Theodore Roosevelt Completes Flight Deck Certification". NNS130916-14. USS Theodore Roosevelt Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=76613. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  144. Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Kris R. Lindstrom, USN (September 20, 2013). "USS Theodore Roosevelt Completes First Underway Replenishment in Four Years". NNS130920-22. USS Theodore Roosevelt Public Affairs. http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=76697. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External linksEdit



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