Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits. Anti-spam check. Do not fill this in!==Design== Floatplanes have often been derived from land-based aircraft, with fixed floats mounted under the fuselage instead of retractable undercarriage (featuring wheels). All floatplanes tend to be less stable on water than flying boats.<ref>[http://www.canadianflight.org/history/billt03.htm Floatplane history]</ref> However, in small aircraft design, floatplanes offer an advantage over flying boats, as the hull (i .e. the lower part of the fuselage) of floatplanes does not make contact with water surfaces, permitting a conventionally mounted single piston engine, with a propellor, in the nose. Floats inevitably impose extra drag and weight, rendering floatplanes slower and less manoeuvrable during flight, with a slower rate of climb, relative to aircraft equipped with retractable landing gear. Nevertheless, [[air race]]s devoted to floatplanes attracted a lot of attention during the 1920s and 1930s, most notably in the form of the Schneider Trophy. There are two basic float configurations on floatplanes: * "single float" designs, in which a single large float is mounted directly underneath the fuselage, with smaller stabilizing floats underneath the wings and; * "twin float" designs, with one float mounted beneath each wing. The main advantage of the single float design is its capability for [[landing]]s in rough water: a long central float is directly attached to the fuselage, this being the strongest part of the aircraft structure, while the smaller floats under the outer wings provide the aircraft with good lateral stability. By comparison, dual floats restrict handling, often to waves as little as one foot (0.3 metres) in height.<ref>[http://www.nasm.si.edu/research/aero/aircraft/aradoar.htm NASM research]</ref> However, twin float designs facilitate [[mooring (watercraft)|mooring]] and [[boarding (transport)|boarding]], and – in the case of [[bomber]]s – leave the belly free to carry a large bomb or [[torpedo]]. Summary: Please note that all contributions to the Military Wiki are considered to be released under the CC-BY-SA Cancel Editing help (opens in new window) Retrieved from "https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Floatplane"