FANDOM

250,697 Pages

Georgian Air Force
Flag of the Georgian Air Force
Georgian Air Force flag
Country Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
Service history
Active 19912010
Size 2.971 personnel, 144 aircraft
Battles Georgian Civil War, 2008 South Ossetia war
Commanders
Insignia
Insignia Roundel of Georgia

The Georgian Air Force (Georgian language: საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები , sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi) was an air arm of the Georgian Armed Forces from its establishment in 1992 until 2010, when it was incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces. As of September 2009, the Georgian Air Force had 2,971 military and civilian personnel.[1]

HistoryEdit

The Georgian Air Force and Air Defense Division was established on January 1, 1992. On August 18, 1998, the two divisions were unified in a joint command structure and renamed the Georgian Air Force.[1]

The first combat flight was conducted by Izani Tsertsvadze and Valeri Nakopia on September 19, 1992, during the separatist war in Abkhazia. This date was later designated as the Georgian Air Force Day.[1] Relative to the Georgian ground forces, the air force was comparatively underfunded following Georgian independence. During the August 2008 war with Russia, Georgian aircraft were initially active, but were soon grounded by Russian air superiority. The Russians claimed at least 3 Su-25 and 2 L-29 destroyed.[2] The Georgian Ministry of Defense reported 5 air force personnel were killed in action.[3]

In 2010, the Georgian Air Force was reorganized. It was abolished as a separate branch and incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces as Air and Air Defense brigades.[4]

Mission and objectivesEdit

The objectives of the Georgian Air Force are defined as follows:

  • Warfare and mobilization readiness of the Air Forces sub-units
  • Protection of sovereignty and control of the air space of Georgia
  • The fight against air terrorism
  • Participate in the fight against terrorism on land and at sea
  • Air defence of state entities and troops
  • Destruction of land and naval targets at the enemy's front line and tactical inmost. Providing air support for friendly land and naval forces
  • Participation in collective and multinational exercises.

Functions of the Georgian Air Forces:

  • Troop and cargo transportation
  • Search and rescue of downed aircraft and pilots
  • MEDEVAC
  • Informing the leadership of the Air Force and the Army about enemy air assaults
  • Destruction of enemy manpower, land and naval targets
  • Air forces landing
  • Aerial reconnaissance

The two major airfields are located near Tbilisi at Alekseevkadisambiguation needed and Marneuli.

Aircraft inventoryEdit

Aircraft Origin Role Number Note
Aircraft Inventory
Su-25KM/U/UB Scorpion/'Frogfoot' USSR Ground Attack Aircraft/Night Attack 12 8 Night Attack “Scorpion” Upgrade, Under License of TAM.[5]
Aero L-39 Albatros Czechoslovakia Military Trainer Aircraft 9
Elbit Hermes 450 Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle 7
Elbit Skylark Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A
Mil Mi-35 'Hind' Ukraine Attack Helicopter 1
Mi-24V 'Hind-E'/Mi-24P 'Hind-F' Ukraine Attack Helicopter 21/19
Mi-8T 'Hip-C' USSR Utility Helicopter 16 Former Soviet Union
Mi-14PS 'Haze-C' USSR Naval Helicopter 18 Former Soviet Union
Bell UH-1H Iroquois USA Utility Helicopter 40
Bell 212 USA Utility Helicopter 6
Mil Mi-2 USSR Utility Helicopter 2 Former Soviet Union
Weapon Type
Air Defense Weapons
SA-18 Grouse MANPADS
SA-7 Grail MANPADS
Grom (missile) MANPADS
9K33 Amphibious SAM
SPYDER Medium Range SAM
Buk M1 Medium Range SAM
S-125 Strategic SAM
57 mm AZP S-60 Auto Cannon
ZSU-23-4 Self-propelled AA gun
Bombs and Missiles[6]
Mark 82 bomb Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb
Mark 83 bomb Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb
GBU-16 Laser-Guided bomb
Python 5 Short-range air-to-air missile
R-73 AA-11 Archer Short-range air-to-air missile
Kh-29 air-to-surface TV guided Missile

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Defence Today 27: 1. September 2009. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  2. Georgian Air Force. The Global Security. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  3. List of Casualties among the Georgian Military Servicemen. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  4. Structure of Land Forces. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  5. "Bulgaria sells ten Su-25s to Georgia"
  6. "Fighter SU-25KM (Scorpion)". Geo-army.ge. 2010-06-28. http://geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=39&Itemid=9&lang=en. Retrieved 2013-04-22. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.