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TAURUS KEPD 350
Taurus KEPD 350
Type Long-range air-to-surface missile
Service history
In service 2005
Production history
Manufacturer TAURUS Systems GmbH
Unit cost 950,000 EUR
Specifications
Weight 1,400 kg
Length 5.1 m
Diameter 1.08 m

Warhead 500 kg, Mephisto (Multi-Effect Penetrator, HIgh Sophisticated and Target Optimised)

Engine Williams P8300-15 Turbofan
Wingspan 2.064 m
Operational
range
over 500 km[1]
Flight altitude 30–40 m
Speed Mach 0.80~0.95
Guidance
system
IBN (Image Based Navigation), INS (Inertial Navigation System), TRN (Terrain Referenced Navigation) and MIL-GPS (Global Positioning System)
Launch
platform
Typhoon, Tornado, Gripen, F/A-18, F-15E

TAURUS KEPD 350[2] is a German/Swedish air-launched cruise missile, manufactured by TAURUS Systems and used by Germany and Spain. TAURUS Systems GmbH is a partnership between LFK (EADS/MBDA) and Saab Bofors Dynamics.[3]

OverviewEdit

The missile incorporates stealth characteristics and has an official range in excess of 500 kilometres (300 mi).[4] Taurus is powered by a turbofan engine at Mach 0.8~0.9 and can be carried by the Tornado, Eurofighter Typhoon, Gripen and F/A-18 aircraft.

The double 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) warhead called Mephisto (Multi-Effect Penetrator, HIgh Sophisticated and Target Optimised) features a precharge and initial penetrating charge to clear soil or enter a bunker, then a variable delay fuze to control detonation of the main warhead. The missile weighs about 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) and has a maximum body diameter of 1 metre (3.3 ft). Intended targets are hardened bunkers, command, control and communications; airfield facilities; port facilities; AMS/ammunition storage; ships in ports/at sea and bridges.

The missile also includes counter measures as a self-defence mechanism.

Taurus ILA2006

Taurus on ILA air show 2006

Mission planners program the missile with the target, air defence locations and planned ground path, then the missile uses a low terrain-hugging flight path guided by INS, IBN, TRN and GPS to the proximity of the target, although it is capable of navigating over long distances without GPS support.[5] Once there the missile commences a bunt (climb) manoeuver to an altitude intended to achieve the best probability of target acquisition and penetration. During the cruise flight a high resolution infra-red camera can support the navigation by using IBN and is also used for GPS-free target attack. The missile attempts to match a camera image with the planned 3D target model. If it cannot, it defaults to the other navigation systems, or, if there is a high risk of collateral damage, it will steer to a pre-designated crash point instead of risking an inaccurate attack with undesired consequences.

TAURUS Systems GmbH has also proposed an anti-ship variant.[6]

ExportEdit

Spain's military bought 43 missiles. The integration of the TAURUS in the Spanish Air Force service line has been certified by the successful completion of a dedicated test campaign in South Africa, carried out in May 2009.[7]

South Korea is planning to order 200 missiles to integrate with their F-15K Slam Eagles after being refused Lockheed Martin's AGM-158 JASSM by Washington.[8] The Korean National Assembly has advised the government to re-evaluate plans to buy the TAURUS citing high costs.[9]

TAURUS Systems GmbH has offered Taurus KEPD 350 to the Indian Air Force for its Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets.

OperatorsEdit

Germany Germany: 600 ordered for the Luftwaffe for €570 million[10] Deliveries ended on December 2010.[11]
Flag of Spain.svg Spain: 43 ordered for the Spanish Air Force.[12] Deliveries ended in August 2010.[11] The programme cost €60m.[13]
Flag of South Korea.svg Republic of Korea: 200 reportedly ordered for the South Korean Air Force.[14][15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "MBDA". http://www.mbda-systems.com/products/air-dominance/taurus-kepd-350/31/. http://www.mbda-systems.com/mediagallery/files/taurus-kepd-350_datasheet-1343310215.pdf. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  2. Target Adaptive Unitary and Dispenser Robotic Ubiquity System / Kinetic Energy Penetrator and Destroyer
  3. "Gripen Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft, Sweden". www.airforce-technology.com. http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/gripen/. Retrieved July 17, 2007. 
  4. "Taurus Systems GmbH". whttp://www.taurus-systems.de. http://www.taurus-systems.de/html/kepd350.html. Retrieved September 3, 2007. 
  5. "Defence Update". whttp://www.defense-update.com. http://www.defense-update.com/products/k/KEPD350.htm. Retrieved May 6, 2008. 
  6. "Germany receives last Taurus cruise missile". http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2010/12/14/350922/germany-receives-last-taurus-cruise-missile.html. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  7. "El Ejército del Aire incrementa su capacidad operativa con la integración del misil TAURUS en el F-18". http://www.ejercitodelaire.mde.es/ea/pag?idDoc=45DC0A9DED8AD579C12575C4005016F0. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 
  8. "S.Korea to buy bunker busting missiles from Europe". http://www.reuters.com/. Reuters. April 4, 2013. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/04/korea-defense-missiles-idUSL3N0CR1D120130404. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  9. Parliament advises review of Taurus, Global Hawk acquisition plan - Koreaherald.com, 5 July 2013
  10. "EADS N.V.". http://www.eads.com/. http://www.eads.com/1024/de/pressdb/archiv/2002/de_20020808_taurus_d.html. Retrieved September 11, 2007. [dead link]
  11. 11.0 11.1 Hoyle, Craig. "Germany receives last Taurus cruise missile" Flightglobal.com, December 14, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
  12. http://www.mde.es/dgam/principalesprogramasaym.htm#M3
  13. Ministerio de Defensa (September 2011). "Evaluación de los Programas Especiales de Armamento (PEAs)" (in Spanish). Madrid: Grupo Atenea. http://www.revistatenea.es/revistaatenea/revista/PDF/documentos/Documento_1026.pdf. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  14. "S.Korea to Buy Bunker-Buster Missiles from Europe". http://english.chosun.com/. The Chosun Ilbo. April 4, 2013. http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2013/04/04/2013040401025.html. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  15. Keck, Zachary (June 21, 2013). "South Korea to Purchase Bunker-Buster Missile". thediplomat.com. The Diplomat. http://thediplomat.com/flashpoints-blog/2013/06/21/south-korea-to-purchase-bunker-buster-missile/. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 

External linksEdit

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