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This is a list of NRO Launch (NROL) designations, used to identify classified satellites operated by the United States National Reconnaissance Office.

Launch
Designation
Launch Name Satellite
Designation
Launch
Date/Time (GMT)
Launch Site Rocket Orbit Project Function Status Patch Remarks
L-1 Nemesis[1] USA-179[1] 2004-08-31, 23:17[2] CCAFS SLC-36A[2] Atlas IIAS[2] Molniya SDS-3[1] Communications[2] Active NROL1 USA179 patch
L-2 USA-129 1996-12-20 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IV LEO KH-11 Optical imaging
L-3 USA-133 1997-10-24 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IV LEO Lacrosse ELINT Active
L-4 Oscar USA-136 1997-11-08 CCAFS LC-41 Titan IV Molniya Trumpet ELINT Active
L-5 Capricorn[1] USA-137[1] 1998-01-29, 18:37 CCAFS SLC-36A Atlas IIA Molniya SDS-3[1] Communications Active
L-6 Jack USA-139[3] 1998-05-09 CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IV/Centaur GSO Mentor ELINT NROL6 USA139 patch
L-7 Elwood N/A 1998-08-12 CCAFS SLC-41 Titan IV/Centaur GSO (planned) Mercury ELINT Failed: 1998-08-12 "On a Mission from DoD" Rocket self-destructed 40 seconds into launch due to guidance problem[4]
L-8 None 1998-10-03 VAFB LC-576E Taurus 1110 LEO STEX Technology ATEX experiment jettisoned on 1999-01-16 and catalogued as USA-141
L-9 USA-144[1] 1999-05-22, 09:36[5] VAFB SLC-4E[5] Titan IV-B[5] EIS[1] Optical imaging[1] USA144Misty2patch First Titan IV-B launch from VAFB
L-10 Great Bear[1] USA-155[1] 2000-12-06, 02:47[2] CCAFS SLC-36A[2] Atlas IIAS[2] GSO[2] SDS-3[1] Communications[2] Active NROL10 USA155 patch NROL10 2 patch sml
L-11 USA-152 2000-08-17, 23:45 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO Lacrosse Radar imaging Active NRO L11 missionpatch Lacrosse4 L2 patch sml Lacrosse4 L patch
L-12 Aquila[1] USA-162[1] 2001-10-11, 02:32[2] CCAFS SLC-36B[2] Atlas IIAS[2] GSO[2] SDS-3[1] Communications Active
L-13 Gemini[1] USA-160[1] 2001-09-08, 15:25 VAFB SLC-3E[2] Atlas IIAS[2] LEO[2] NOSS-3[1] Naval reconnaissance[2] Active 2 satellites[2]
L-14 USA-161 2001-10-05 VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO KH-11 Optical reconnaissance Active
L-15 USA-237 2012-06-29[6] CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy (first RS-68A upgrade) GSO Mentor* ELINT Active * - or follow-on
L-16 Prometheus USA-182[3] 2005-04-30, 00:50[7] CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IVB LEO Lacrosse Radar imaging Active Lacrosse5 L patch Lacrosse5 M patch
L-17 GeoLITE[1] USA-158[1] 2001-05-18, 17:45[8] CCAFS SLC-17B[8] Delta II 7925-9.5[8] GSO[8] GeoLITE[1] Technology demonstration[8] Active
L-18 Libra[1] USA-173[1] 2003-12-02, 10:04[2] VAFB SLC-3E[2] Atlas IIAS[2] LEO[2] NOSS-3[1] Naval reconnaissance[2] Active 2 satellites[2]
L-19 Homer[9] USA-171[3] 2003-09-09, 04:29[10] CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IVB/Centaur GSO Mentor ELINT Active NROL19 USA171 patch NROL 19 patch sml
L-20 USA-186[3] 2005-10-19, 18:04.[11] VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO KH-11 Optical imaging Active NROL20 USA186 patch
L-21 USA-193[1] 2006-12-14, 21:00[8] VAFB SLC-2W[8] Delta II 7920-10[8] LEO[8] Unknown Unknown Failed USA193patch Failed immediately after launch. Destroyed by ASAT on 2008-02-21.
L-22 USA-184[1] 2006-06-27, 03:30 VAFB SLC-6 Delta IVM+(4,2) Molniya Improved Trumpet[1] ELINT Active NROL22 USA184 patch
L-23 Canis Minor[1] USA-181[1] 2005-02-03, 07:41 CCAFS SLC-36B Atlas IIIB LEO NOSS-3[1] Naval reconnaissance Active NROL23 NOSS3 3patch NROL23 NOSS3 3 L patch 2 satellites
L-24 Scorpius[1] USA-198[1] 2007-12-10, 22:05 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Molniya SDS-3[1] Communications Active NROL24 USA198 patch NROL24 USA198 L patch
L-25 Altair USA-234 2012-04-03. 23:12:57.278[12][13] VAFB SLC-6 Delta IVM+(5,2) Retrograde LEO [14] FIA-R Radar imaging Active NROL-25-patch
L-26 USA-202 2009-01-18, 02:47 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy GSO Mentor ELINT Active NROL26 USA202 patch NROL26 USA202 L patch
L-27 Gryphon[9] USA-227 2011-03-11, 23:38 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IVM+(4,2) GSO SDS-3 Communications Active NROL 27 patch sml NROL27 2 patch sml
L-28 USA-200 2008-03-13, 10:02 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 411 Molniya Improved Trumpet ELINT Active NROL28 USA200 patch USA200patch
L-29 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 521 [15] Cancelled
L-30 Pyxis[1] USA-194[1] 2007-06-15, 15:11 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401[1] LEO NOSS-3[1] Naval reconnaissance Active NROL30 NOSS3 4patch 2 satellites
Premature 2nd stage cutoff during launch. Lifetime reduced by need to correct orbit
L-32[16] USA-223 2010-11-21, 22:58[17] CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy GSO Mentor[18] ELINT Operational NROL32 patch NROL-32 Patch
L-33 [19] TBD NET 2014 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch
L-34 Odin[20] USA-229 2011-04-15 VAFB SLC-3E[17] Atlas V 411[17] LEO NOSS-3 Naval SIGINT Operational[21] NROL 34 patch Two satellites
L-35 TBD NET 2013 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 531 Awaiting launch
L-36[22] USA-238[23] 2012-09-13 [13] VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401[24] Launched

NROL-36 Logo

L-37 TBD NET 2015 Delta IV Heavy Awaiting launch
L-38 [25] Drake [26] USA-236 2012-06-20, 12:28 [13] CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Launched 100px
L-39 [27] TBD NET 2013 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 Awaiting launch
L-41[16] Gladys[9] USA-215[1] 2010-09-21 04:03:30[17] VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 LEO (retrograde)[28] 1058 x 1072 km [29] FIA-R Radar imaging Operational NROL 41 patch NROL 41 Gladys patch sml
L-42 TBD NET 2017 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 541 Awaiting launch
L-45 [27] TBD NET 2012 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 Awaiting launch
L-49[16] Betty[9] USA-224 2011-01-20 21:10[30] VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy LEO 239 x 1005 km[31] KH-11[30] Optical imaging Operational NROL49 patch NROL49 2 patch sml
L-55 TBD NET 2014 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch
L-61 TBD NET 2017 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 411 Awaiting launch
L-65 [32] USA-245 2013-08-28
18:03:00
VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy LEO KH-11 Optical imaging Launched
L-66[33] USA-225 2011-02-06
12:26
VAFB SLC-8 Minotaur I LEO RPP Technology Operational NROL-66 Patch
L-67 [34] TBD NET 2014 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 541 Awaiting launch
L-79 TBD NET 2017 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive – US Military Launch Record. None. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 Encyclopedia Astronautica – Atlas IIAS. Astronautix.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 NRO codenames. Forum.nasaspaceflight.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  4. National Reconnaissance Office Satellite Destroyed August 19, 1998
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 National Reconnaissance Satellite Successfully Launched May 22, 1999
  6. [1]
  7. NRO Successfully Launches Last Titan from Cape Canaveral April 29, 2005
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 Encyclopedia Astronautica – Delta 7000[dead link]
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Re: NROL codenames". nasaspaceflight.com. 2011-01-22. http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=11127.msg683562#msg683562. 
  10. NRO SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHES PAYLOAD FROM TITAN IV September 10, 2003
  11. NRO Payload Takes Last Ride Aboard Titan IV October 20, 2005
  12. NROL-25 Mission Status
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Spaceflight Now: Worldwide launch schedule. Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved on Feb 3, 2012.
  14. Delta 4 headed for backwards orbit
  15. http://www.comspacewatch.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=16796
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Spaceflight Now: Worldwide launch schedule. Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Atlas Launch Report | Mission Status Center. Spaceflight Now. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  18. Delta IV Heavy launches with NROL-32. NASASpaceFlight.com (2010-11-21). Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  19. http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-33
  20. :::: United Launch Alliance, LLC ::::. Ulalaunch.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  21. [2][dead link]
  22. http://www.n2yo.com/satellite/?s=38758
  23. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=2012-048A
  24. http://www.ulalaunch.com/site/pages/Launch.shtml#/30/
  25. http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-38
  26. http://www.spaceflightnow.com/atlas/av023/images/NROL38logo.jpg
  27. 27.0 27.1 https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=3f220ddfda92019ff7ad72adcde4e37c&tab=core&_cview=1
  28. Barhorst, Leo (2010-10-01). "Reason for FIA Radar 1/USA 215 retrograde orbit?". http://www.satobs.org/seesat. http://www.satobs.org/seesat/Oct-2010/0009.html. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  29. Molczan, Ted (2010-09-22). "NROL 41". http://www.satobs.org/seesat. http://www.satobs.org/seesat/Sep-2010/0241.html. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  30. 30.0 30.1 Graham, William (2011-01-20). "Delta IV Heavy launches on debut West Coast launch with NRO L-49". nasaspaceflight.com. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/01/live-delta-iv-heavy-launch-nro-l-49/. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  31. Molczan, Ted (2011-01-22). "RE: NROL-49 search elements". http://www.satobs.org/seesat. http://satobs.org/seesat/Jan-2011/0203.html. 
  32. http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-65
  33. Graham, William (2011-02-06). "Orbital’s Minotaur I launches with NROL-66". nasaspaceflight.com. http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2011/02/live-orbitals-minotaur-i-californian-launch-nrol-66/. 
  34. http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-67

External linksEdit

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