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Post-Soviet conflicts are those conflicts which engulfed the countries of the former Soviet Union, in the time period beginning shortly before its official breakup in December 1991 and continuing until today. Some of these conflicts ended in a stalemate or without a peace treaty, and are referred to as frozen conflicts.

Central AsiaEdit

War Start End Detail
Osh riots (1990) 1990 1990 Ethnic conflict between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in the city of Osh.
Civil war in Tajikistan 1992 1997 Began when ethnic groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan regions of Tajikistan, which were underrepresented in the ruling elite, rose up against the national government of President Rahmon Nabiyev, in which people from the Leninabad and Kulyab regions dominated. The war ended with the signing of the "General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan" and the "Moscow Protocol".[1]
2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes 2010 2010 Clashes between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan, primarily in the cities of Osh and Jalal-Abad, in the aftermath of the ouster of former President Kurmanbek Bakiyev on April 7.
Tajikistan insurgency 2010 Sporadic fighting in Tajikistan between rebel and government forces.

North CaucasusEdit

War Start End Detail
East Prigorodny Conflict 1992 1992 Inter-ethnic conflict in the Eastern part of the Prigorodny district.
First Chechen War 1994 1996 Russian troops invaded after Chechnya declared independence, but withdrew in 1996 leading to a de facto Chechen independence.
War of Dagestan 1999 1999 The Islamic International Brigade invaded the neighbouring Russian republic of Dagestan in support of the Shura of Dagestan separatist movement.
Second Chechen War 1999 2009 Russia restores federal control of Chechnya.
War in Ingushetia 2007 Separatist insurgency in Ingushetia.
Insurgency in the North Caucasus 2000 Separatist insurgency in Chechnya, Dagestan, and other parts of the North Caucasus region.

South CaucasusEdit

War Start End Detail
Nagorno-Karabakh War 1988 1994 Ethnic Armenian separatism leads to the de facto independence of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
1991–92 South Ossetia War 1991 1992 The separatist conflict leads to South Ossetia's de facto independence.
Georgian Civil War 1991 1993 Inter-ethnic and intranational conflicts in the regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
War in Abkhazia (1992–93) 1992 1993 Abkhaz separatism leads to the de facto independence of Abkhazia from Georgia.
War in Abkhazia (1998) 1998 1998 Ethnic Georgians launched an insurgency against the Abkhazian secessionist government.
Pankisi Gorge crisis 2002 2004 An incursion by Al-Qaeda forces on behalf on Chechen rebels fighting in the North Caucasus. They were forced out in 2004 by Georgian forces with American and Russian backing.
2004 Adjara crisis 2004 2004 A popular revolt ousted the autocratic ruler Aslan Abashidze, Adjara reaffirmed its integration into Georgia as an autonomous republic.
Russia–Georgia war 2008 2008 A war between Georgia on one side and Russia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia on the other side confirms the de facto independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and leads to their recognition by Russia and Nicaragua.[2]

Other conflictsEdit

War Start End Detail
War of Transnistria 1992 1992 Transnistria, which is de facto independent from Moldova, has declared independence in 1990, due to its majority Russian-speaking population fearing union with Romania. A ceasefire between Transnistrian forces and Moldovan forces has been in place since 1992, enforced by the presence of Russian forces in Transnistria.[3]
1993 Russian constitutional crisis 1993 1993 Political stand-off between the Russian president and the Russian parliament that was resolved by using military force.

See alsoEdit


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