During the United States participation in World War I the U. S. Food Administration was the responsible agency for the administration of the allies' food reserves. One of its important tasks was the stabilization of the price of wheat on the U. S. market. It was established by United States Executive order 2679-A of August 10, 1917 pursuant to the Food and Fuel Control Act.
Under the direction of Herbert Hoover the U. S. Food Administration employed its Grain Corporation, organized under the provisions of the Food Control Act of August 10, 1917, as an agency for the purchase and sale of foodstuff. Having done transactions in the size of $ 7 billion it was rendered obsolete by the armistice in Europe. President Woodrow Wilson promoted its transition in a new agency for the support of the reconstruction of Europe. It became the American Relief Administration, approved by an Act (Public, No. 274, 65th Congress) on February 25, 1919.
The Food Administration Grain Corporation became the United States Grain Corporation pursuant to United States Executive order 3087 of May 14, 1919.
- Frank M. Surface / Raymond L. Bland: American Food in the World War and Reconstruction Period. Operations of the Organizations Under the Direction of Herbert Hoover 1914 to 1924, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1931
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Food Administration.|
- Wilson orders Hoover to start, The New York Times, June 17, 1917, p. 1
- Watson S. Moore, How wheat was saved to feed allied folk, The New York Times, January 5, 1919, p. 80
- Sow the Seeds of Victory! Posters from the Food Administration During World War I
- Wisconsin Historical Society
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|