Avia S-199 with the 101st Squadron badge
|Active||May 20, 1948 – Present|
|Branch||Israeli Air Force|
|Nickname(s)||First Fighter Squadron|
101 Squadron of the Israeli Air Force, also known as the First Fighter Squadron, is Israel's first fighter squadron, formed on May 20, 1948, six days after Israel declared its independence. Initially flying the Avia S-199, it has since operated the Supermarine Spitfire, North American Mustang, Dassault Mystere IV, Dassault Mirage IIICJ, IAI Nesher and IAI Kfir. It currently operates out of Hatzor Airbase, flying the F-16C Fighting Falcon.
History[edit | edit source]
101 Squadron was formed on May 20, 1948 at two air bases simultaneously: IAF Ekron (former RAF Aqir, currently Tel-Nof Airbase) and Žatec (code-named "Zebra") in Czechoslovakia, a former Luftwaffe airfield close to a Messerschmitt production facility, where pilots received initial basic type flight training on the Avia S-199s, copies of the Bf 109G with 1,320 hp Junkers Jumo 211F powerplants. During one ferry flight some of the squadron's 15 aircraft were forced to land in Greece, and were immediately impounded, so during the next ferry flight a C-46 was used as a navigation guide, and a corvette was readied off the coast in case any aircraft had to be ditched and pilots rescued from water. Four of these flew the squadron's first mission on May 29 in the prelude to Operation Pleshet. 101 Squadron was responsible for the Israeli Air Force's first aerial victories when on 3 June 1948, Modi Alon shot down a pair of Royal Egyptian Air Force C-47s which had just bombed Tel Aviv.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Christopher Magee
- Milton Rubenfeld
- Mitchell Flint
- Gordon Levett
- Giora Epstein
- Bob Vickman
- Yiftah Spector
- Ezer Weizman
- Rimon 20
References[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Squadron 101 (Israeli Air Force).|
- Luttrell, Robert J., I flew for Israel, Flying Magazine, May 1949, p.58
- Aloni, Shlomo (2001). Arab–Israeli Air Wars. Osprey Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 1-84176-294-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=mO02czQ9jyYC.
- Norton, Bill (2004). Air War on the Edge – A History of the Israel Air Force and its Aircraft since 1947. Midland Publishing. pp. 110–112. ISBN 1-85780-088-5.
[edit | edit source]
- Global Security Profile
- 101 Squadron, Israel's first fighter squadron
- Katz, Yaakov (July 16, 2012). "'It was all destiny' - One of last surviving founders of IAF recalls mission that stopped Egypt from advancing on Tel Aviv". The Jerusalem Post. http://www.jpost.com/Defense/Article.aspx?id=277611. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
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