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Tyneside Scottish Brigade
Active 1914–1919
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Infantry
Role Line Infantry
Size

4 New Army Battalions

2 Reserve battalions

The Tyneside Scottish Brigade was raised in 1914 as part of Kitchener's Army. Officially numbered the 102nd (Tyneside Scottish) Brigade, it contained four Pals battalions from Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Origins[edit | edit source]

The Tyneside Scottish Brigade was a British First World War infantry brigade. It was formed be men from the Tyneside area of England and even though it was called a Scottish brigade they accepted any nationality.[1] The request to the War Office to form the brigade was originally turned down but after a visit to Newcastle upon Tyne by Lord Haldane on 10 October 1915, permission was granted. The complete Tyneside Scottish Brigade of four battalions was raised by 16 November 1915. Reports of bodies of men and groups of miners marching ten miles into the city to enlist are common.[1] The brigade's four battalions were known as the 1st to 4th Tyneside Scottish. When taken over by the British Army, these became battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers as the:1st Tyneside Scottish (20th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers), 2nd Tyneside Scottish (21st Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers), 3rd Tyneside Scottish (22nd Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers) and the 4th Tyneside Scottish (23rd Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers).[2] The reserve battalions were the 29th and 33rd (Reserve) Battalions (Tyneside Scottish).

Memorial[edit | edit source]

A memorial was dedicated to the fallen of the Tyneside Scottish Brigade, at La Boiselle for their part in its capture. It was unveiled by Marshall Foch.[2]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Simpkins (1988), p 100
  2. 2.0 2.1 Adam & Innes (2004), p 512

References[edit | edit source]

  • Adam, Frank; Innes, Thomas (2004). The Clans, Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 1934. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4179-8076-1. 
  • Simpkin, Peter (1988). Kitchener's army: the raising of the New Armies, 1914 - 16. Manchester University Press ND. ISBN 0-7190-2638-5. 

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