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103rd Rifle Division
Active 1939-1946
Country  Soviet Union
Branch Red Army
Type Infantry

Winter War
World War II

Battle honours Khingan (3rd formation)

The 103rd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army, formed three times.

History[edit | edit source]

The division was formed at Stavropol in 1939.[1] It fought in the Winter War in early 1940. The division was converted to a motorized division in March 1941, part of the 26th Mechanized Corps.[2] During July and August, it fought in the Yelnya Offensive as part of the corps, now subordinated to the 24th Army. On 28 August, it became a rifle division again.[3] In October 1941, it was surrounded and destroyed in the Spas-Demensky District, trapped in the Vyazma Pocket.[4] However, the division was only disbanded on 27 December,[5] despite coming out of the encirclement with only thirty men.[6]

The division was reformed on 9 January 1942 from the 463rd Rifle Division (originally formed 22 December 1941) at Samarkand. The 103rd was composed of the 393rd, 583rd and 688th Rifle Regiments. In early March, the division was relocated to Starobilsk with the 28th Army and fought in the Second Battle of Kharkov during May 1942. On 19 May, it became part of 6th Army[7] but was surrounded and destroyed at Izyum between 25 and 27 May. The division was officially disbanded on 30 June 1942.[8][9]

The division was reformed a third time on 21 July 1942 in the Transbaikal Military District and served there for the duration of the war. It was with the 2nd Rifle Corps in Transbaikal Front in January 1945.[4] During August and September 1945, it fought in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria.[10] For its actions, the division was awarded the honorific "Khingan". It was disbanded in 1946 in the Transbaikal-Amur Military District.[11]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "КРАТКАЯ ИСТОРИЧЕСКАЯ СПРАВКА О ТЕРРИТОРИИ СВВАУЛШ" (in Russian). http://svvaulsh.ru/content.php?article.32. 
  2. "103-я моторизованная дивизия" (in Russian). http://samsv.narod.ru/Div/Sd/mtd103/default.html. 
  3. Glantz, David M. (2010-01-01) (in en). Barbarossa Derailed: The German advance to Smolensk, the encirclement battle, and the first and second Soviet counteroffensives, 10 July-24 August 1941. Casemate Publishers. p. 369. ISBN 9781906033729. https://books.google.com/books?id=SDfInc6Gb40C. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Poirier, Robert G.; Conner, Albert Z. (1991-07-01) (in en). Red Army: Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War. Random House Value Publishing. ISBN 9780517071984. https://books.google.com/books?id=68KZAQAACAAJ. 
  5. "103-я стрелковая дивизия" (in Russian). http://www.rkka.ru/handbook/reg/103sd.htm. Retrieved 1 Jan 2016. 
  6. Lopukhovsky, Lev (2013-08-01) (in en). The Viaz'ma Catastrophe, 1941: The Red Army's Disastrous Stand against Operation Typhoon. Helion and Company. p. 292. ISBN 9781908916501. https://books.google.com/books?id=ntzZAwAAQBAJ. 
  7. Forczyk, Robert (2013-04-23) (in en). Kharkov 1942: The Wehrmacht Strikes Back. Osprey Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 9781780961576. https://books.google.com/books?id=_7GfAwAAQBAJ. 
  8. "103-я (ф. 1941) стрелковая дивизия -" (in Russian). http://samsv.narod.ru/Div/Sd/sd103/main2.html. Retrieved 2016-01-01. 
  9. "103-я стрелковая дивизия" (in Russian). http://rkka.ru/handbook/reg/103sd41.htm. 
  10. "103-я стрелковая дивизия" (in Russian). http://rkka.ru/handbook/reg/103sd42.htm. 
  11. "Стрелковые 91-105 |" (in Russian). http://myfront.in.ua/krasnaya-armiya/divizii/strelkovye-91-105.html. 
  • Poirer and Connor, Red Army Order of Battle

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