FANDOM

250,049 Pages

10th Parachute Division (France)
Insigne de la 10e division parachutiste.jpg
10th D.P. shoulde patch
Country Flag of France.svg France
Branch French army
Service history
Active 1956–1961
Battles Suez Crisis
Algerian War
Commanders
Commanders Jacques Massu (1956–1959)
Jean Gracieux (1959–1960)
Bernard Saint-Hillier (1960–1961)
Insignia

The 10th Parachute Division (French: 10e division parachutiste or 10e D.P.) was a formation of the French Army. It consisted predominantly of infantry troops. It specialized in airborne combat and air assault. Established in 1956, it fought primarily in the Suez Crisis and the Algerian War. It was dissolved immediately after the Algiers putsch of 1961.

CompositionEdit

Organigramme 10e DP

Organizational chart of the 10e D.P.

On July 1, 1956, the 10e D.P. is created with the following units:

  • Support:
    • 60th Headquarters company (60e CGQ)
    • 60th Transmission company of (60e CT)
    • Platoon of Army Light Aviation
    • Transport group n°507 (GT 507)
    • 60th Airborne engineers company (60e CGAP)
    • 60th Divisional Maintenance company (60e CRD)
    • 405th Medical company (405e CM)
    • 60th Military logistics section (60e SRI)
  • Airborne artillery
    • 20th Parachute artillery group (20e GAP)

Note: On the 1 December 1958, the "Colonial infantry" was renamed "Marine infantry".

HistoryEdit

Operation MusketeerEdit

Barely created, the 10e D.P. took part in the Suez Crisis in Egypt, in an operation named "Operation Musketeer". The 10 D.P. was reinforced for this purpose with:

On the 5 November 1956, elements of the 10e D.P. were dropped on Port Fuad and Port Said, completed the next morning by amphibious assaults on both towns. Although the battle was a military success, allied troops had to withdrawn due to pressure from the United States.

Battle of AlgiersEdit

File:Casbah-bataille d'Alger 1957.jpg

In Algiers, the National Liberation Front (FLN) was carrying out a wave of terrorist attacks an urban guerilla which made many casualties, mostly Muslim civilians.[1] In January 1957, Robert Lacoste, Minister Resident in Algeria, reacted by giving full powers to General Massu over the Algiers area. Massu sent the 10 D.P. to search out, arrest and question FLN members. The battle of Algiers proved to be a clear succes for the French military, with most prominent FLN leaders killed or arrested and terrorist attacks effectively stopped.[2] However, the use of torture against some FLN members led to an increasing opposition to war in France and internationally.

File:10e DP Bataille d'Alger.jpg

Battle of the FrontiersEdit

In 1956, the newly independent Republic of Tunisia was helping the FLN by smuggling weapons and men through its territory. The electrified fence known as the Morice Line was built up to prevent Algerian FLN guerrillas from entering the French colony of Algeria from Tunisia. The 10 D.P. was assigned to the surveillance of a portion of the electrified border, in order to intercept rebel bands that have managed to cross it. The Morice Line had a significant impact of the reduction of guerrillas activities by forces that originated from Tunisia. However, general Massu, the commanding officer of the 10 D.P. was relieved of his command as he criticized president Charles de Gaulle's actions.

Algiers PutschEdit

Despite the military successes, French Prime Minister Michel Debré's government started secret negotiations with the anti-colonialist FLN in order to grant independence to Algeria. French settlers and soldiers were stunned by this decision and a putsch was organized in Algiers. With the exception of the 3e RPIMa, the rest of the 10e D.P. supported the coup. When the putsch failed the 25e D.P. along with the 10e D.P. were dissolved and the 1er REP was the only regiment disbanded.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. In Le livre blanc de l'armée française en Algérie, p.37, between November 1954 et May 1957, 16,932 attacks were perpetrated against civilians and 9,134 against police and military forces, it resulted in the death of 6,325 Muslims and 1,035 Europeans.
  2. Bernard Droz, Evelyne Lever, Histoire de la guerre d'Algérie, Points Histoire, éd.du Seuil, 1982 p. 129-130

SourcesEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).