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The '''110th Rifle Division''', which was formed, dissolved, and re-formed three times, was a [[formation (military)|formation]] of the [[Soviet Union]]'s [[Red Army]] during the course of [[World War II]].
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{{Infobox military unit
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| unit_name = 110th Rifle Division
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| dates = I Formation: 1939–1941<br>
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II Formation: 1941–1943
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III Formation: 1943–1946
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| country = [[Soviet Union]]
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| branch = [[Red Army]]
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| type = Infantry
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| battles = [[World War II]]
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*[[Battle of Smolensk (1941)]]
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*[[Operation Mars]]
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*[[Battles of Rzhev]]
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*[[Operation Kutuzov]]
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*[[Battle of Smolensk (1943)]]
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*[[Operation Bagration]]
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*[[East Prussian Offensive]]
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*[[Battle of Königsberg]]
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| battle_honours = Verkhnedneprovsk (3rd formation)
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| notable_commanders = [[Vasily Mikhailovich Alexeyev (general)|Vasily Alexeyev]]
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[[Georgy Peters]]
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}}
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The '''110th Rifle Division''' was a [[formation (military)|formation]] of the [[Soviet Union]]'s [[Red Army]] during the course of [[World War II]], which was formed, dissolved, and re-formed three times throughout the war.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
===1st Formation===
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===First formation===
The division was formed 20 September 1939 at Sverdlovsk.
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The division was first formed 20 September 1939 at [[Yekaterinburg|Sverdlovsk]]. Mobilized before the beginning of [[Operation Barbarossa]], by June 1941 the division (first formation) formed part of the [[61st Rifle Corps]] in the [[20th Army (Soviet Union)|20th Army]], in the [[Reserve of the Supreme High Command]] (''[[Stavka]]'' Reserve) around [[Moscow]], the 20th [[Army]] occupying a defensive position around [[Kaluga]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://niehorster.org/012_ussr/41_oob/stavka-reserves/army_20.html|title=20th Army, STAVKA Strategic Reserves, Red Army, 22.06.41|website=niehorster.org}}</ref> The division was destroyed with its corps during the [[Siege of Mogilev]] in July 1941.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.rkka.ru/handbook/reg/110sd39.htm|title=110-я стрелковая дивизия|last=|first=|date=|website=rkka.ru|publisher=|language=Russian|trans-title=110th Rifle Division|access-date=4 September 2016}}</ref> The division was officially disbanded on 19 September 1941.<ref>p.54, Perecheni</ref>
   
<!--В действующей армии: с 02.07.1941 по 19.09.1941 года.
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===Second formation===
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On 4 September 1941, the 4th [[Moscow]] [[Narodnoe Opolcheniye|People's Militia]] Rifle Division, which had originally been raised in the Kuibyshev district of Moscow in July 1941, was renumbered as the new 110th Rifle Division, beginning its second formation.<ref>p. 372, Bonn</ref>
   
На 22.06.1941 года дислоцировалась в Тula. 27.06.1941 года начала переброску на фронт. К 03.07.1941 года в основном прибыла в Могилёв. 04.07.1941 года двумя полками с артиллерией выдвинута на линию Днепра севернее Могилёва, где начала оборудовать оборонительный рубеж. Из дивизии в корпусное подчинение был изъят 601-й гаубичный полк. 13-14.07.1941 года провела безуспешные атаки на Шклов. К 14.07.1941 года дивизия окружена в районе Могилёва, и рассечена. 394-й стрелковый полк действовал совместно со 172-й стрелковой дивизией, обороняя Могилёв, 411th Rifle Regiment с остатками 20th Mechanised Corps был в арьергарде группы войск под командованием командира дивизии Хлебцева В. А., выходившей из окружения на Мстиславль, Кричев, 425-й стрелковый полк действовал со штабом 61-го стрелкового корпуса восточнее Могилева.-->
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Its composition changed to the regular army subunits to include:
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* 1287, 189, 1291 Rifle Regiments
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* 971 [[Artillery]] [[Regiment]]
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* 695 [[anti-aircraft|AA]] [[Artillery]] [[Battalion]]
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* 470 [[Reconnaissance]] Company
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* 859 Separate [[Signals (military)|Signal]] [[Battalion]]
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* 493 Medical Battalion
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* 332 Separate Chemical Defence Company
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* 329 Auto-transport Company
   
Mobilized before the beginning of [[Operation Barbarossa]], by June 1941 the division (1st formation) formed part of the 61st Rifle Corps in the [[20th Army (Soviet Union)|20th Army]], in [[Stavka]] reserve around Moscow, the 20th Army occupying a defensive position around Kaluga.<ref>[http://orbat.com/site/ww2/drleo/012_ussr/41_oob/stavka-reserves/army_20.html 20th Army, STAVKA Strategic Reserves, Red Army, 22.06.41]</ref> The division was transferred to the [[Soviet Western Front]] in July 1941, and was encircled with the 20th Army as part of the [[Battle of Moscow#Vyazma and Bryansk pockets|Vyazma pocket]] to the west of Moscow in October 1941. In that encirclement, it was virtually destroyed, and was officially disbanded on 19 September 1941.<ref>p.54, Perecheni</ref>
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It was assigned as part of the [[24th Army (Soviet Union)|24th]], [[49th Army|49th]], [[21st Army (Soviet Union)|21st]], and [[33rd Army (Soviet Union)|33rd]] Armies, participating in the defensive and offensive operations around Moscow – [[Operation Mars]] at the end of 1942 as part of the Red Army's Kalinin Front,<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.armchairgeneral.com/rkkaww2/battles/mars42.htm|title=Operation Mars: The Second Offensive in Rzhev Vicinities. November-December 1942|last=AMVAS|first=|date=|website=www.armchairgeneral.com|publisher=|access-date=4 September 2016}}</ref> and later in 1943 the [[Battles of Rzhev|Rzhev-Vyazma offensives]], and the Orel offensive operation ([[Operation Kutuzov]]), after the [[Battle of Kursk]]. From the Rzhev battles to October 1944, the division was commanded by Major General [[Georgy Peters|Georgy Borisovich Peters]], its former deputy commander.<ref>{{Ruheroes|name=Georgy Peters|id=7997}}</ref>
   
===2nd Formation===
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On 10 April 1943, the 110th Rifle Division was renamed the [[84th Guards Rifle Division|84th Guards Koracheyev Rifle Division]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://rkka.ru/handbook/guard/84gvsd.htm|title=84-я Краснознаменная Карачевская гвардейская стрелковая дивизия|last=|first=|date=|website=rkka.ru|publisher=|language=Russian|trans-title=84th Red Banner Karachev Guards Rifle Division|access-date=4 September 2016}}</ref>
On 4 September 1941 the 4th Moscow [[Narodnoe Opolcheniye|People's Militia]] Rifle Division, which had originally been raised in the Kuibyshev district of Moscow in July 1941, was renumbered as the new 110th Rifle Division (2nd formation).<ref>p.372, Bonn</ref> Its composition changed to the regular army subunits to include:
 
*1287, 189, 1291 Rifle Regiments
 
*971 [[Artillery]] [[Regiment]]
 
*695 [[anti-aircraft|AA]] [[Artillery]] [[Battalion]]
 
*470 [[Reconnaissance]] Company
 
*859 Separate [[Signals (military)|Signal]] [[Battalion]]
 
*493 Medical Battalion
 
*332 Separate Chemical Defence Company
 
*329 Auto-transport Company
 
   
It was assigned as part of the [[24th Army (Soviet Union)|24th]], [[49th Army|49th]], [[21st Army (Soviet Union)|21st]], and [[33rd Army (Soviet Union)|33rd]] Armies, participating in the defensive and offensive operations around Moscow - [[Operation Mars]] at the end of 1942 as part of the Red Army's Kalinin Front,<ref>[http://rkkaww2.armchairgeneral.com/battles/mars42.htm Armchair General: Operation Mars - The Second Offensive in Rzhev Vicinities. November-December 1942]</ref> and later in 1943 the [[Battles of Rzhev|Rzhev-Vyazma offensives]], and the Orel offensive operation ([[Operation Kutuzov]]), after the [[Battle of Kursk]]. From the Rzhev battles to October 1944 the division was commanded by General Major Georgii Borisovich Peters, its former deputy commander.<ref>[http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=7997] Петерс Георгий Борисович 24. 6. 1897 - 18. 5. 1978 Герой Советского Союза [[Hero of Soviet Union]]</ref>
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===Third formation===
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The third formation of the division was on 5 May 1943, with the same unit numbers as the second formation.<ref>p. 55, Perecheni</ref> On 6 April 1945, commanded by Colonel Sergey Mikhailovich Tarasov, it participated in the encirclement of [[Battle of Königsberg|Königsberg]], located at the northern sector. In that assault, the division was accompanied by its two sister divisions of [[69th Rifle Corps]], [[50th Army (Soviet Union)|50th Army]]:<ref>[http://www.soldat.ru/files/f/boevojsostavsa1945.pdf Combat Composition of the Soviet Army], 1 April 1945, accessed June 2008</ref> the [[153rd Rifle Division]], on its right flank, and the [[324th Rifle Division]] on its left flank.
   
On the 10 April 1943 the 110th Rifle Division was renamed the [[84th Guards Rifle Division|84th Guards Koracheyev Rifle Division]].<ref>[http://rkka.ru/handbook/guard/84gvsd.htm 84th Guards Rifle Division was disbanded 29 June 1946 at Kaliningrad]</ref>
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The division moved to the [[Kharkov Military District]] in [[Luhansk Oblast]] postwar and was disbanded with the corps on or around 6 May 1946.<ref>Feskov et al 2013, p. 477</ref>
   
===3rd Formation===
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==See also==
The third formation of the division was formed on 5 May 1943, with retention of its second formation subunits.<ref>p.55, Perecheni</ref> On 6 April 1945, commanded by Colonel Sergey Mikhailovich Tarasov, it participated in the encirclement of [[Battle of Königsberg|Königsberg]], located at the northern sector. In that assault the division was accompanied by its two sister divisions of 69th Rifle Corps, [[50th Army]]:<ref>[http://www.tashv.nm.ru/BoevojSostavSA/1945/19450401.html Combat Composition of the Soviet Army], 1 April 1945, accessed June 2008</ref> the [[153rd Rifle Division]], on its right flank, and the [[324th Rifle Division]] on its left flank.
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* [[List of infantry divisions of the Soviet Union 1917–1957]]
 
The division was disbanded soon after the war ended, in 1945-46.<ref>V.I. Feskov et al., 'The Soviet Army in the Period of the Cold War,' Tomsk University Press, Tomsk, 2004, p.77 (exact page number may not be correct)</ref>
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
<references/>
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<references />
 
[[List of infantry divisions of the Soviet Union 1917–1957]]
 
   
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
* Glantz, David M., ''Stumbling Colossus: The Red Army of the eve of World War.'' University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 1998. ISBN 0-7006-0879-6
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* {{Cite book|title=Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской|last=Feskov|first=V.I.|last2=Golikov|first2=V.I.|last3=Kalashnikov|first3=K.A.|last4=Slugin|first4=S.A.|publisher=Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing|year=2013|isbn=9785895035306|location=Tomsk|language=Russian|trans-title=The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces}}
*[http://www.generals.dk/general/Peters/Georgii_Borisovich/Soviet_Union.html Generals.dk] General Major [[Georgii Borisovich Peters]] (1897–1978) was the deputy commander and later commanding officer of 110th Rifle Division in 1942-44, including after its renaming as the 84th Guards Koracheyev Rifle Division.
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* Glantz, David M., ''Stumbling Colossus: The Red Army of the eve of World War.'' University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 1998. {{ISBN|0-7006-0879-6}}
  +
* [http://www.generals.dk/general/Peters/Georgii_Borisovich/Soviet_Union.html Generals.dk] General Major [[Georgii Borisovich Peters]] (1897–1978) was the deputy commander and later commanding officer of 110th Rifle Division in 1942-44, including after its renaming as the 84th Guards Koracheyev Rifle Division.
 
* Bonn, Keith E., ''Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front'', Aberjona Press, Bedford PA, 2005
 
* Bonn, Keith E., ''Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front'', Aberjona Press, Bedford PA, 2005
 
* Grylev, A., Gen. Maj., ''Perecheni No.5 of the General Staff: Rifle, mountain, motor-rifle and motorised divisions included in the active army during the years of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945'', Military-scientific directorate of the General Staff, Moscow, 1970, via www.soldat.ru, [http://www.soldat.ru/doc/perechen/ Perechen], verified 4 June 2008.
 
* Grylev, A., Gen. Maj., ''Perecheni No.5 of the General Staff: Rifle, mountain, motor-rifle and motorised divisions included in the active army during the years of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945'', Military-scientific directorate of the General Staff, Moscow, 1970, via www.soldat.ru, [http://www.soldat.ru/doc/perechen/ Perechen], verified 4 June 2008.
   
 
{{Soviet Union divisions before 1945}}
 
{{Soviet Union divisions before 1945}}
{{Wikipedia|110th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)}}
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{{Use dmy dates|date=June 2017}}
 
 
[[Category:Infantry divisions of the Soviet Union in World War II|110]]
 
[[Category:Infantry divisions of the Soviet Union in World War II|110]]

Revision as of 21:09, December 4, 2019

110th Rifle Division
Active

I Formation: 1939–1941
II Formation: 1941–1943

III Formation: 1943–1946
Country Soviet Union
Branch Red Army
Type Infantry
Engagements

World War II

Battle honours Verkhnedneprovsk (3rd formation)
Commanders
Notable
commanders

Vasily Alexeyev

Georgy Peters

The 110th Rifle Division was a formation of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the course of World War II, which was formed, dissolved, and re-formed three times throughout the war.

History

First formation

The division was first formed 20 September 1939 at Sverdlovsk. Mobilized before the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, by June 1941 the division (first formation) formed part of the 61st Rifle Corps in the 20th Army, in the Reserve of the Supreme High Command (Stavka Reserve) around Moscow, the 20th Army occupying a defensive position around Kaluga.[1] The division was destroyed with its corps during the Siege of Mogilev in July 1941.[2] The division was officially disbanded on 19 September 1941.[3]

Second formation

On 4 September 1941, the 4th Moscow People's Militia Rifle Division, which had originally been raised in the Kuibyshev district of Moscow in July 1941, was renumbered as the new 110th Rifle Division, beginning its second formation.[4]

Its composition changed to the regular army subunits to include:

It was assigned as part of the 24th, 49th, 21st, and 33rd Armies, participating in the defensive and offensive operations around Moscow – Operation Mars at the end of 1942 as part of the Red Army's Kalinin Front,[5] and later in 1943 the Rzhev-Vyazma offensives, and the Orel offensive operation (Operation Kutuzov), after the Battle of Kursk. From the Rzhev battles to October 1944, the division was commanded by Major General Georgy Borisovich Peters, its former deputy commander.[6]

On 10 April 1943, the 110th Rifle Division was renamed the 84th Guards Koracheyev Rifle Division.[7]

Third formation

The third formation of the division was on 5 May 1943, with the same unit numbers as the second formation.[8] On 6 April 1945, commanded by Colonel Sergey Mikhailovich Tarasov, it participated in the encirclement of Königsberg, located at the northern sector. In that assault, the division was accompanied by its two sister divisions of 69th Rifle Corps, 50th Army:[9] the 153rd Rifle Division, on its right flank, and the 324th Rifle Division on its left flank.

The division moved to the Kharkov Military District in Luhansk Oblast postwar and was disbanded with the corps on or around 6 May 1946.[10]

See also

References

  1. "20th Army, STAVKA Strategic Reserves, Red Army, 22.06.41". http://niehorster.org/012_ussr/41_oob/stavka-reserves/army_20.html. 
  2. "110-я стрелковая дивизия" (in Russian). http://www.rkka.ru/handbook/reg/110sd39.htm. 
  3. p.54, Perecheni
  4. p. 372, Bonn
  5. AMVAS. "Operation Mars: The Second Offensive in Rzhev Vicinities. November-December 1942". http://www.armchairgeneral.com/rkkaww2/battles/mars42.htm. 
  6. Hero of the Soviet Union medal  Georgy Peters at the "Герои страны" ("Heroes of the Country") website (Russian)
  7. "84-я Краснознаменная Карачевская гвардейская стрелковая дивизия" (in Russian). http://rkka.ru/handbook/guard/84gvsd.htm. 
  8. p. 55, Perecheni
  9. Combat Composition of the Soviet Army, 1 April 1945, accessed June 2008
  10. Feskov et al 2013, p. 477

Sources

  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013) (in Russian). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской. Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306. 
  • Glantz, David M., Stumbling Colossus: The Red Army of the eve of World War. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 1998. ISBN 0-7006-0879-6
  • Generals.dk General Major Georgii Borisovich Peters (1897–1978) was the deputy commander and later commanding officer of 110th Rifle Division in 1942-44, including after its renaming as the 84th Guards Koracheyev Rifle Division.
  • Bonn, Keith E., Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford PA, 2005
  • Grylev, A., Gen. Maj., Perecheni No.5 of the General Staff: Rifle, mountain, motor-rifle and motorised divisions included in the active army during the years of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945, Military-scientific directorate of the General Staff, Moscow, 1970, via www.soldat.ru, Perechen, verified 4 June 2008.


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