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1844.
 
1844.
   
In the early days the militia was organized along county lines. New Jersey's County Militia
+
In the early days the militia was organized along county lines. New Jersey’s County Militia
 
responded to every state and federal call during the Revolutionary War, and served with distinction
 
responded to every state and federal call during the Revolutionary War, and served with distinction
 
from Canada to Virginia. They fought in the battle of Ticonderoga, Princeton, Trenton, Red Bank,
 
from Canada to Virginia. They fought in the battle of Ticonderoga, Princeton, Trenton, Red Bank,
 
Assunpink, Monmouth, Germantown, Springfield, Paules Hook and others including the final
 
Assunpink, Monmouth, Germantown, Springfield, Paules Hook and others including the final
engagement at Yorktown. Officers and enlisted men of this artillery served in General Knox's
+
engagement at Yorktown. Officers and enlisted men of this artillery served in General Knox’s
 
Brigade of artillery during the revolutionary war.
 
Brigade of artillery during the revolutionary war.
   
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Monmouth; and when the British crossed from Philadelphia to New York he was detailed to drive
 
Monmouth; and when the British crossed from Philadelphia to New York he was detailed to drive
 
away the stock along their line of March, in performing this duty he had many narrow escapes from
 
away the stock along their line of March, in performing this duty he had many narrow escapes from
the enemy's light horse.
+
the enemy’s light horse.
   
 
Colonel Brown lived at Swedesboro, and his regiment was chiefly employed in preventing the
 
Colonel Brown lived at Swedesboro, and his regiment was chiefly employed in preventing the
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governments. This company was at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. When the “Roebuck,” (44)
 
governments. This company was at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. When the “Roebuck,” (44)
 
was engaged in protecting the operations against the
 
was engaged in protecting the operations against the
chevaux-de-frise at Billingsport, NJ, Captain Hugg's artillerists threw up a small breastwork on the Jersey shore. Fought here during the whole day but unfortunately their first sergeant, William Ellis was killed by a cannonball that took off both
+
chevaux-de-frise at Billingsport, NJ, Captain Hugg’s artillerists threw up a small breastwork on the Jersey shore. Fought here during the whole day but unfortunately their first sergeant, William Ellis was killed by a cannonball that took off both
 
his legs above the knees. This Ellis was an Englishman and had been for several years a recruiting
 
his legs above the knees. This Ellis was an Englishman and had been for several years a recruiting
 
officer for the British service in Philadelphia. He joined the American cause early --- like his
 
officer for the British service in Philadelphia. He joined the American cause early --- like his
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Private John Telford
 
Private John Telford
   
The artillery unit was specifically cited for its participation in engagements at Quinton's Bridge
+
The artillery unit was specifically cited for its participation in engagements at Quinton’s Bridge
on the 18th of March 1778, and again at Hancock's Bridge on the 21st of March 1778, under the
+
on the 18th of March 1778, and again at Hancock’s Bridge on the 21st of March 1778, under the
 
command of Captain Seth Bowen.
 
command of Captain Seth Bowen.
   
 
The Company was again mentioned for its participation in the expedition against the Indians in
 
The Company was again mentioned for its participation in the expedition against the Indians in
1791 when it accompanied Major Thomas Paterson's Battalion on its march to the Western frontier of
+
1791 when it accompanied Major Thomas Paterson’s Battalion on its march to the Western frontier of
 
the new nation.
 
the new nation.
   
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of New Jersey Militia which included Infantry, Cavalry, and two Companies of Artillery. They were
 
of New Jersey Militia which included Infantry, Cavalry, and two Companies of Artillery. They were
 
mustered on the 20th of September 1794. Captain Eli Elmer commenced their march into
 
mustered on the 20th of September 1794. Captain Eli Elmer commenced their march into
Pennsylvania on the 22nd of September 1794 to accompany Brigadier General Bloomfield's Brigade
+
Pennsylvania on the 22nd of September 1794 to accompany Brigadier General Bloomfield’s Brigade
 
to put down an insurrection, which was known as the “Whisky Rebellion” in the Western region of
 
to put down an insurrection, which was known as the “Whisky Rebellion” in the Western region of
 
Pennsylvania.
 
Pennsylvania.
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Aaron Ogden, Governor of New Jersey, issued his proclamation calling for volunteers to garrison
 
Aaron Ogden, Governor of New Jersey, issued his proclamation calling for volunteers to garrison
 
fortifications and for coast defense. In answer to this call, Gloucester County responded with eleven
 
fortifications and for coast defense. In answer to this call, Gloucester County responded with eleven
full compaines of troops, eight were attached to Brigadier General Ebenezer Elmer's brigade of
+
full compaines of troops, eight were attached to Brigadier General Ebenezer Elmer’s brigade of
 
detailed milita. The “West Jersey Company of Artillery”, from Cumberland County answered the
 
detailed milita. The “West Jersey Company of Artillery”, from Cumberland County answered the
 
call to arms under the command of Captain Sheppard Gandy. In September 1814 from Gloucester
 
call to arms under the command of Captain Sheppard Gandy. In September 1814 from Gloucester
County Captain Enoch Gabb's Company of Artillery answered the call to arms, attached to
+
County Captain Enoch Gabb’s Company of Artillery answered the call to arms, attached to
Lieutenant Colonel Joshua L. Howell's Regiment of Infantry stationed at Billingsport, New Jersey.
+
Lieutenant Colonel Joshua L. Howell’s Regiment of Infantry stationed at Billingsport, New Jersey.
 
They were enrolled the 26th of September 1814, and discharged 22 December 1814, according to
 
They were enrolled the 26th of September 1814, and discharged 22 December 1814, according to
 
original rolls, now in the Office of the Adjutant General, Department of Defense, Trenton Library,
 
original rolls, now in the Office of the Adjutant General, Department of Defense, Trenton Library,
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Trenton, NJ, each and all the companies are mentioned only as from Gloucester County.
 
Trenton, NJ, each and all the companies are mentioned only as from Gloucester County.
 
In view of the fact that Camden County in 1844 was formed from certain townships of
 
In view of the fact that Camden County in 1844 was formed from certain townships of
Gloucester County, Battery “B” may be assumed to be the successor of Gabb's Company of Artillery.
+
Gloucester County, Battery “B” may be assumed to be the successor of Gabb’s Company of Artillery.
   
 
The territory embraced in Atlantic and Cape May Counties, since taken from Gloucester, sent out
 
The territory embraced in Atlantic and Cape May Counties, since taken from Gloucester, sent out
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Trenton, NJ, each and all the companies are mentioned only as from Gloucester County.
 
Trenton, NJ, each and all the companies are mentioned only as from Gloucester County.
 
In view of the fact that Camden County in 1844 was formed from certain townships of
 
In view of the fact that Camden County in 1844 was formed from certain townships of
Gloucester County, Battery “B” may be assumed to be the successor of Gabb's Company of Artillery.
+
Gloucester County, Battery “B” may be assumed to be the successor of Gabb’s Company of Artillery.
 
----
 
----
 
*MEXICAN WAR – 1846-1848
 
*MEXICAN WAR – 1846-1848
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A quota of troops, which the national government required the State to furnish, was filled
 
A quota of troops, which the national government required the State to furnish, was filled
without difficulty, and was forwarded to Mexico in time to join in General Taylor's victories in 1846
+
without difficulty, and was forwarded to Mexico in time to join in General Taylor’s victories in 1846
 
and 1847, at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, Saltillo and Buena Vista. Then they joined the
 
and 1847, at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, Saltillo and Buena Vista. Then they joined the
 
army under Scott, to the triumphs at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Perote, Contreras, San Antonio, Molino
 
army under Scott, to the triumphs at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Perote, Contreras, San Antonio, Molino
Line 232: Line 232:
 
*Redesignated 27 September 1917 as the 112th Field Artillery and remained assigned to the 29th Division
 
*Redesignated 27 September 1917 as the 112th Field Artillery and remained assigned to the 29th Division
 
*Demobilized 31 May 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
 
*Demobilized 31 May 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
*Reorganized 1920–1921 in the New Jersey National Guard as the 1st Battalion, Field Artillery; Headquarters Federally recognized 27 June 1921 at East Orange
+
*Reorganized 1920-1921 in the New Jersey National Guard as the 1st Battalion, Field Artillery; Headquarters Federally recognized 27 June 1921 at East Orange
 
*Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 20 April 1922 as the 112th Field Artillery and assigned to the 44th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized 8 January 1924 at Camden. Location of Headquarters changed 10 May 1929 to Trenton.
 
*Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated 20 April 1922 as the 112th Field Artillery and assigned to the 44th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized 8 January 1924 at Camden. Location of Headquarters changed 10 May 1929 to Trenton.
 
*Relieved 1 December 1939 from assignment to the 44th Division (1st Battalion concurrently redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 165th Field Artillery, an element of the 44th Division-see ANNEX 2; new 1st Battalion concurrently organized from the former 1st Battalion, 165th Field Artillery [organized and Federally recognized 15 November 1939 in the New Jersey National Guard with Headquarters at Morristown])
 
*Relieved 1 December 1939 from assignment to the 44th Division (1st Battalion concurrently redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 165th Field Artillery, an element of the 44th Division-see ANNEX 2; new 1st Battalion concurrently organized from the former 1st Battalion, 165th Field Artillery [organized and Federally recognized 15 November 1939 in the New Jersey National Guard with Headquarters at Morristown])

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