|11th Alpini Regiment|
Coat of Arms of the 11th Alpini Regiment
|Active|| 22 December 1935 - 12 September 1943|
8 August 1992 - 18 March 2002
|Size|| 3 Battalions|
|Part of|| 5th Alpine Division Pusteria|
1935 - 1943
|Battles|| Second Italo-Abyssinian War|
World War II:
Battle of France
|Decorations|| 1 Croce di Cavaliere dell'O.M.I.|
2 Silver Medals of Military Valor
2 Bronze Medals of Military Valor
The 11th Alpini Regiment (Italian language:11° Reggimento Alpini ) was a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. The Alpini are a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II.
On 22 December 1935 the 11th Alpini was formed in the city of Bruneck with existing battalions from other Alpini regiments:
- 11th Alpini Regiment
For the war the Pusteria had been augmented by the Exilles and Intra battalions and four artillery batteries form the 1st Alpine Division Taurinense. The Pusteria participated in all battles of the Northern Theater and the 11th regiment distinguished itself during the Battle of Amba Aradam, for which it received it first Bronze Medal of Military Valor. The division returned to the Italy in 1937 and was honored with a parade through the streets of Rome on 13 March 1937.
World War IIEdit
After its return the regiment was reorganized, returning two battalions to their original regiments. As replacement the regiment received an existing battalion and raised another one. Thus as of 11 April 1937 the new structure of the regiment was:
- 11th Alpini Regiment
- Bolzano battalion (newly raised)
- Trento battalion
- Bassano battalion (from 9th Alpini Regiment)
Afterwards the 11th Alpini was sent to Albania, where it participated in the Italian attack on Greece. After the German invasion of Yugoslavia the Pusteria and its units were sent to Montenegro were the division was decimated in heavy fighting against Yugoslavian Partisans.
In August 1942, the division was repatriated and after two months of rest participated in Case Anton, the Axis occupation of Vichy France. Afterwards the Pusteria took up garrison duties in the southern region of Provence. After the signing of the Italian armistice with the Allies on 8 September 1943 part of the division surrendered to German forces in Southern France while other units managed to return to the Italian region of Piedmont were they disbanded.
With the reintroduction of the regimental level in the Italian Army in 1991/1992 the regiment was reformed on 8 August 1992 in Bruneck as part of the Alpine Brigade Tridentina. The regiment consisted of just one battalion the Trento battalion and was moved to the nearby village of Welsberg were battalion and regiment were dissolved on 18 March 2002.
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