- For the World War I formation see 11th Indian Division
11th Indian Infantry Division Active 15 September 1940–15 February 1942 Country India Allegiance British Indian Army Branch Army Type Infantry Size Division Part of Indian III Corps Engagements Battle of Malaya
Battle of Jitra
Battle of Slim River
Battle of Singapore
An eleven spoked Wheel on a Yellow or Gold background
History[edit | edit source]
It was originally commanded by Major-General Murray-Lyon until 24 December 1941. Under Murray-Lyon the 11th Indian Division was defeated at the Battle of Jitra and suffered some of its worst casualties during the retreat from Jitra and at the Battle of Gurun.
Murray-Lyon was fired by Lieut.Gen. Arthur Percival and replaced by Brig. A.C.M. Paris and then Maj.Gen. Billy Key. This division suffered such heavy casualties during the early stages of the campaign, that the 1st Leicesters and the 2nd East Surreys were forced to amalgamate, becoming the British Battalion and the 1/8th Punjab and the 2/9th Jats were also amalgamated, becoming the Jat-Punjab Battalion. The 6th and 15th Infantry Brigades were also amalgamated becoming the 6th/15th Indian Infantry Brigade.
After the Battle of Jitra the 11th Division, under Major-General Paris, inflicted heavy casualties on the Japanese at the Battle of Kampar, but was almost completely destroyed at the Battle of Slim River. The division was reformed in Singapore with the remains of the 9th Indian Division.
The 11th Indian Division surrendered to the Japanese on 15 February 1942, along with about 130,000 other British and Commonwealth soldiers, when Singapore was surrendered.
Formation[edit | edit source]
On 10 December 1941, for more details of the brigade units see the individual brigade articles
6th Indian Infantry Brigade[edit | edit source]
Brig. William Oswald Lay
- 1/8th Punjab Regiment - Lieut.Col. R.C.S.Bates
- 2nd East Surrey Regiment - Lieut.Col. G.E. Swinton MC
- 2/16th Punjab Regiment - Lieut.Col. Henry Sloane Larkin
15th Indian Infantry Brigade[edit | edit source]
Brig. K.A. Garrett/ W. St. John Carpendale
- 1st Leicestershire Regiment - Lieut.Col. Esmond Morrison (Later commanded the British Battalion)
- 1/14th Punjab Regiment - Lieut.Col.James Fitzpatrick (Wounded at Asun)
- 2/9th Jat Regiment - Lt.Col. Charles Knowler Tester
28th Indian Infantry Brigade[edit | edit source]
Brig. W.St.John Carpendale/ Ray Selby
- 2/1st Gurkha Rifles - Lieut.Col.Jack Fulton (Died of wounds as a P.O.W)
- 2/2nd Gurkha Rifles - Lieut.Col. G.H.D. Woollcombe
- 2/9th Gurkha Rifles - Lieut.Col.W.R.(Ray) Selby
Support Units[edit | edit source]
- 3rd Cavalry - Lieut.Col. C.P.G.De Winton
- 1st Bn, Bahawalpur Infantry, Indian State Forces - Lieut.Col. H.E.Tyrell
- 137th Field Regiment - Lieut. Col. Charles Holmes Royal Artillery (RA) (24x25pdrs)
- 155th Field Regiment RA - Lieut. Col. Augustus Murdoch (16x4.5 inch Howitzers)
- 22nd Mountain Regiment - Lieut. Col. G.L.Hughes Indian Artillery (IA) (12x3.7 inch Howitzers)
- 80th Anti-Tank Regiment RA - Lieut. Col. W.E.S.Napier (48x2pdrs/47mm Breda)
- 3rd Field Company, Indian Engineers (IE)
- 17th Field Company IE
- 23rd Field Company IE
- 46th Army Troops Company IE
- 43rd Field Park Company IE
Assigned brigades[edit | edit source]
All theses brigades were assigned or attached to the division at some time during World War II
- 8th Indian Infantry Brigade
- 12th Indian Infantry Brigade
- 27th Australian Infantry Brigade
- British 53rd Infantry Brigade
Re-Raising[edit | edit source]
11 Infantry Division was re-raised by the Indian Army, and is presently headquartered at Gandhinagar (Gujarat).
References[edit | edit source]
- "6 Indian Brigade Units". Order of Battle. http://www.ordersofbattle.com/UnitData.aspx?UniX=9630&Tab=Sub. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
- "15 Indian Brigade Units". Order of Battle. http://www.ordersofbattle.com/UnitData.aspx?UniX=6143&Tab=Sub. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
- "28 Infantry Brigade units". Order of Battle. http://www.ordersofbattle.com/UnitData.aspx?UniX=6141&Tab=Sub. Retrieved 19 October 2009.
- "11 Division units". Order of Battle. http://www.ordersofbattle.com/UnitData.aspx?UniX=6009&Tab=Sub. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Colin Smith (2006). Singapore Burning. England: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-101036-6.
[edit | edit source]
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