|11e Brigade Parachutiste|
|Part of||Commandement de la force d'action terrestre|
|Badge of the 11th Parachute Brigade worn on Maroon Berets. This badge is also worn by French Foreign Legion Paratroopers on Foreign Legion Berets.|
The 11th Parachute Brigade (French language: 11e Brigade Parachutiste, 11e BP) is an airborne unit. It contains most of the parachute units in the French army. The brigade numbers around 8,500 personnel and includes eight regiments. It is under command of a général de brigade (Brigadier General). French paratroopers wear a red beret, except for the 2e REP who wears the French Foreign Legion Beret (light green).
History[edit | edit source]
The French Army created two parachute divisions in 1956, the 10th parachute division (10e Division Parachutiste, 10e DP) under the command of General Jacques Massu and the 25th Parachute Division (25e Division Parachutiste, 25e DP) under the command of General Sauvagnac. The 10e DP formed from a looser 1955-formed previous Groupement Parachutiste d'Intervention, the 25e DP was established from the 25th Airportable Division which had been previously stationed in Provence.
In the aftermath of the Algiers putsch, both formations were disbanded and their regiments merged into the Light Intervention Division (Division Légère d'Intervention). It became the 11th Parachute Division (11e Division Parachutiste, 11e DP) in 1971. In the aftermath of the Cold War, the French Army reorganised and the 11e DP became the 11th Parachute Brigade in 1999.
Organisation[edit | edit source]
- Headquarters in Balma
- 1er Régiment de Hussards Parachutistes (1er RHP) Parachute Hussar Regiment in Tarbes with ERC 90
- 1er Régiment de Chasseurs Parachutistes (1er RCP) Parachute Chasseur Regiment in Pamiers
- 2e Régiment Etranger de Parachutistes (2e REP) French Foreign Legion Parachute Regiment in Calvi
- 3e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine (3e RPIMa) Marine Parachute Regiment in Carcassonne
- 8e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine (8e RPIMa) Marine Parachute Regiment in Castres
- 35e Régiment d'Artillerie Parachutiste (35e RAP) Parachute Artillery Regiment in Tarbes with TRF1 howitzers, CAESAR self-propelled howitzers and RTF1 mortars
- 17e Régiment du Génie Parachutiste (17e RGP) Parachute Engineer Regiment in Montauban
- 1er Régiment du Train Parachutiste (1er RTP) Parachute Supply Regiment in Toulouse
- 11e Compagnie de Commandement et de Transmissions Parachutiste (11e CCTP) Command and Signas Company in Balma
- It also includes the Commando Parachute Group, composed of members of the various regiments.
Sources and See also[edit | edit source]
- Clayton, 'France, Soldiers, and Africa', Brassey's Defence Publishers, 1988, p.190
- (French) 11e BP official page on the French Ministry of Defence
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