|11th Tank Division (1940–1941)|
11th Tank Corps (1942–1945)
11th Tank Division (1945–47)
1940 – 1941|
1942 – 1947
|Branch||Soviet Ground Forces|
|Size||Division, Tank Corps|
World War II|
|Decorations||Order of Kutuzov|
The 11th Tank Division was a Soviet tank division initially formed in 1940 at Tiraspol and destroyed in 1941; it was then formed as a tank corps in May 1942. This unit was subsequently reorganized as the second formation of the 11th Tank Division in 1945.
History[edit | edit source]
First Formation[edit | edit source]
The first (1940) formation of the 11th Tank Division was subordinated to the 2nd Mechanized Corps, itself part of the 9th (independent) Army. The 11th Tank Division was destroyed near Novo-Arkhangelsk (Ukraine) in combat against the Germans in August 1941, with remnants escaping encirclement and being reorganized as the 132nd Tank Brigade, which later became the 4th Guards Tank Brigade.
11th Tank Corps[edit | edit source]
Initiating a separate unit lineage, the 11th Tank Corps was formed on May 19, 1942. By June 1942, the 11th Tank Corps was subordinated to the Bryansk Front. Subordinate units at that time included the 53rd and 160th Tank Brigades, and the 12th Motor Rifle Brigade. The corps was never permanently attached to a tank army and was subordinated to several fronts during the course of the war.
11th Tank Corps was in combat near Kharkov in 1942, Orel in 1943, the offensive to drive the Germans from Belorussia in 1944, and the offensive across central Poland in January 1945.
As the Soviet Army approached victory in April 1945 during the Battle of Berlin, the 11th Tank Corps was part of the 1st Belorussian Front. It commanded the 20th, 36th, and 65th Tank Brigades, as well as the 12th Motor Rifle Brigade. During the battle, the corps was used to flank the Seelow Heights from the north, and in the advance into the city from the east.
Second Formation[edit | edit source]
The 11th Tank Corps, like all Soviet tank corps, was reorganized as a division on 10 June 1945, and was renamed the 11th Tank Division. The 11th Tank Division was part of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, subordinated to 1st Guards Tank Army from August of that year. It was soon transferred to the 3rd Shock Army.  The division was relocated to Gusev, Kaliningrad Oblast in the Baltic Military District in early 1947. It was disbanded in February 1947, with its tank regiments becoming part of rifle divisions in the district and the 12th Motor Rifle Regiment, 243rd Mortar Regiment, 1388th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment, 115th Guards Separate Mortar Battalion, 153rd Sapper Battalion, 687th Communications Battalion, 204th Medical-Sanitary Battalion, and 677th Motor Transport Battalion were all disbanded.
An 11th Guards Tank Corps also existed but was a different unit.
Commanders of the 11th Tank Corps[edit | edit source]
- May 1942 – Jul 1942: A. F. Popov
- Jul 1942 – Jun 1943: I. G. Lazarov
- Jun 1943 – Oct 1943: N. N. Parkevich
- Oct 1943 – Jan 1944: D. M. Gritsenko
- Jan 1944 – Jul 1944: F. N. Rudkin
- Jul 1944 – May 1945: I. I. Iushuk
References[edit | edit source]
- Dupuy Institute Forum Discussion on Tank/Mech Corps
- Glantz, p. 265.
- AMVAS. "2nd Mechanised Corps 1941". http://www.armchairgeneral.com/rkkaww2/formation/mechcorps/2mk.htm.
- Боевой состав Советской Армии на 1 июня 1942 г.
- Poirier, pp. 135–136.
- Боевой состав Советской Армии на 1 апреля 1945 г. and Боевой состав Советской Армии на 1 мая 1945 г.
- Leo Niehorster, 11th Tank Corps
- Feskov et al 2013, p. 392.
- Feskov et al 2013, p. 383.
- Feskov et al 2013, pp. 199–200.
- Glantz (Companion), pp. 86–87.
- Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013) (in Russian). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской. Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.
- Glantz, David, Stumbling Colussus: The Red Army on the Eve of World War, University Press of Kansas, 1998.
- Glantz, David, Companion to Colussus Reborn, University Press of Kansas, 2005.
- Poirier, Robert G., and Conner, Albert Z., The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, Novato: Presidio Press, 1985.
- Niehorster OB for 11th Tank Corps in 1945
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