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120th Field Artillery Regiment
120FARegtCOA
Coat of arms
Country United States
Branch U.S. Army
Service history
Role USARS parent regiment
Size regiment
Commanders
Insignia
Insignia 120 FA Rgt DUI

The 121st Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the Wisconsin Army National Guard. The regiment's 1st Battalion, its only active element, is the cannon battalion assigned to the 32nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team.

HistoryEdit

Lineage and HonorsEdit

LineageEdit

  • Organized May–June 1917 in the Wisconsin National Guard in southeastern and central Wisconsin as the 2d and 3d Squadrons, 1st Cavalry.
  • Mustered into Federal service 31 July 1917 at Camp Douglas, Wisconsin; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917.
  • Consolidated 28 September 1917 with the 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry (organized 26 April 1880 at Milwaukee as the Light Horse Squadron); consolidated unit concurrently converted and redesignated as the 120th Field Artillery and assigned to the 32d Division.
  • Demobilized 16 May 1919 at Camp Grant, Illinois.
  • Former 2d and 3d Squadrons, 1st Cavalry, reconstituted 26 November 1919 in the Wisconsin National Guard as the 2d Field Artillery.
  • Reorganized 8 May 1920 – 9 February 1921 in central Wisconsin.
  • Redesignated 1 April 1921 as the 120th Field Artillery and assigned to the 32d Division.
  • Headquarters Federally recognized 18 May 1922 at Milwaukee.
  • Inducted into Federal service 15 October 1940 at home stations.
  • Regiment (less 2d Battalion) reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1942 as the 120th Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 32d Infantry Division; 2d Battalion concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 129th Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 32d Infantry Division.
  • 120th and 129th Field Artillery Battalions inactivated 28 February 1946 in Japan.
  • 120th and 129th Field Artillery Battalions consolidated, reorganized, and Federally recognized 9 June 1947 in central Wisconsin as the 120th Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 32d Infantry Division, with Headquarters at Stevens Point.
  • Reorganized and redesignated 15 February 1959 as the 120th Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st and 2d Howitzer Battalions, elements of the 32d Infantry Division.
(1st and 2d Howitzer Battalions ordered into active Federal service 15 October 1961 at home stations; released 10 August 1962 from active Federal service and reverted to state control.)
  • Reorganized 1 April 1963 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 32d Infantry Division.
  • Reorganized 30 December 1967 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 32d Infantry Brigade.
  • Redesignated 1 May 1972 as the 120th Field Artillery.
  • Withdrawn 21 July 1987 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.
  • Reorganized 1 October 1997 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 34th Infantry Division.
  • Reorganized 1 September 2003 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 32d Infantry Brigade.[1]

Campaign Participation CreditEdit

  • World War I: Aisne-Marne; Oise-Aisne; Meuse-Argonne; Alsace 1918; Champagne 1918
  • World War II: New Guinea (with arrowhead); Leyte; Luzon[1]
Battery A (Marshfield), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:
  • War with Spain: Puerto Rico
  • World War II–AP: Papua[1]
Battery B (Clintonville), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:
  • World War II–AP: Papua[1]

DecorationsEdit

  • U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered AITAPE (129th Field Artillery Battalion cited; WD GO 76, 1946)
  • Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 ribbon French Croix de Guerre with Silver Star, World War I, Streamer embroidered AISNE-MARNE and OISE-AISNE (120th Field Artillery cited; WD GO 11, 1924)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1950 (120th and 129th Field Artillery Battalions cited; DA GO 47, 1950)[1]
Battery A (Marshfield), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:
  • U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered PAPUA (Papuan Forces, United States Army, Southwest Pacific Area, cited; WD GO 21, 1943)
  • U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered LUZON (1st Battalion, 128th Infantry, WD GO 74, 1946)
  • Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 ribbon French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I, Streamer embroidered OISE-AISNE (128th Infantry cited; WD GO 11, 1924)[1]
Battery B (Clintonville), 1st Battalion, additionally entitled to:
  • U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered PAPUA (Papuan Forces, United States Army, Southwest Pacific Area, cited; WD GO 21, 1943)
  • Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered PACIFIC THEATER (32d Quartermaster Company cited; GO 289, 32d Infantry Division, 1 September 1945)[1]

HeraldryEdit

Distinctive unit insigniaEdit

120 FA Rgt DUI

Coat of armsEdit

120FARegtCOA

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 McKenney, Janice E. (2010). "120th Field Artillery". Field Artillery Part 1. (CMH Pub 60-11-1(Part 1)). Army Lineage Series. United States Army Center of Military History: Washington. 1097-99. Web. Accessed 19 October 2015 <http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/060/60-11_pt1/CMH_Pub_60-11_pt1.pdf>. PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

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