|122nd New York Volunteer Infantry|
122nd NY Vol. Regiment Reunion, Aug.28, 1891.
From the Leo J. Titus Jr. collection.
|Active||July 22, 1862 to June 23, 1865|
|Battles||American Civil War|
|Commanders||Colonel Silas TitusLieutenant Colonel Augustus Wade DwightCaptain Horace Hall Wapole|
|Current commander||Acting CommanderActing Commander}|
|Command Sergeant Major||Final CommanderFinal Commander|
A year into the American Civil War, additional troops were being raised in Onondaga County, New York. The county was named for the Onondaga people who lived in the area. It was the third regiment to be raised from the county.
In its first engagement, the Battle of Antietam, they were kept in reserve and there were no losses. After a few other skirmishes, they saw heavy fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Sickness also took its toll on the regiment. Several times Col. Titus was ill and Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Wade Dwight had led the troops until he died March 25, 1865. Titus was also called away to serve as Provost Marshal. Other times, both officers were unable to lead and command passed to Captain Horace Hall Wapole, who was later promoted to lead the regiment.
Awards and legacyEdit
Around April 1863, regiment Lieutenant William G. Tracy (born April 7, 1843) was assigned as aide-de-camp of Major General Henry Warner Slocum. On May 2 at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Tracy was sent with an urgent message to General Alpheus S. Williams about the attack by Stonewall Jackson. Finding himself behind enemy lines, he kept is nerve and made it through to Union lines despite being wounded. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for this action.
William Eugene Ruggles (1844–1907) enlisted as a private in the regiment. He collected a series of drawings depicting the regiment that appear to be the work of engraver Philip M. Ostrander (a private in another Syracuse-based regiment). The drawings were bequethed to the University of Dundee in 1958 by Ruggles' daughter, and formed the basis of a book by Professor David Swinfen published in 1982.
The companies were recruited principally from these towns and organized by region:
- A Company: Baldwinsville
- B Company: Syracuse
- C Company: Fayetteville, and Farmersville
- D Company: Syracuse, Onondaga, Spafford and Amber
- E Company: Syracuse
- F Company: Marcellus and Syracuse
- G Company: Elbridge
- H Company: Camillus and Syracuse
- I Company: Syracuse
- K Company: Syracuse, New York, Skaneateles and Cicero
- List of New York Civil War regiments
- 12th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment - the first Onondaga regiment
- ↑ Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York. 5. New York State legislature. 1896. p. 250. http://books.google.com/books?id=isoaAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA250.
- ↑ Walter Frederick Beyer, Oscar Frederick, ed (1901). Deeds of valor: from records in the archives of the United States government: how American heroes won the medal of honor. Perrien-Keydel Company. pp. 164–165. http://books.google.com/books?id=kp7hAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA164.
- ↑ Lieut. Colonel O. V. Tracy (June 13, 1888). "Dedication of Monument: 122d Regiment Infantry". Final report on the battlefield of Gettysburg. New York (State). Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga. p. 847. http://books.google.com/books?id=JQYTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA847.
- ↑ "Ruggles Bequest". Dundee University Archive. Archives Hub. http://archiveshub.ac.uk/features/forensics-ruggles.html. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- ↑ "MS 29 Ruggles Bequest". Archive Services Online Catalogue. University of Dundee. http://22.214.171.124/dserve.exe?&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=show.tcl&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqPos=52&dsqSearch=(Level='Fonds'). Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- ↑ Frederick Phisterer (1890). "One Hundred and Twenty-second Regiment of Infantry: Onondagas". New York in the war of the rebellion, 1861 to 1865. Weed, Parsons and company. pp. 471–472. http://books.google.com/books?id=kfYDLE3fXEMC&pg=PA471.
- David B. Swinfen (1982). Ruggles' regiment: the 122nd New York Volunteers in the American Civil War. University Press of New England. ISBN 978-0-87451-230-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=_0hLAAAAMAAJ.
- Kenneth Jennings Wooster. "122nd New York Volunteer Infantry". http://web.cortland.edu/woosterk/genweb/122d_inf.html. Retrieved February 8, 2011. .
- Kathy Crowell (1998). ""The Onondagas" A History of the 122d Regiment, New York Volunteers". http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nyononda/WAR/ONONDAGA.HTM. Retrieved February 8, 2011. .
- "122nd Regiment, New York Volunteers, Inc.". http://www.122ndnewyork.com/index.html. Retrieved February 8, 2011. Reenactment group.
- Steve Hawks. "122nd New York Infantry Regiment "Third Onondaga Regiment"". Gettysburg Stone Sentinels. http://www.gettysburg.stonesentinels.com/NY/122NY.php. Retrieved February 8, 2011. Photo of Gettysburg monument to the unit.
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