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122nd Ohio Infantry
Country United States
Branch Infantry
Allegiance Union
Service history
Active September 30, 1862 to June 26, 1865
Battles Second Battle of Winchester
New York Draft Riots
Bristoe Campaign
Mine Run Campaign
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
Battle of Cold Harbor
Battle of Monocacy (detachment)
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Third Battle of Winchester
Battle of Cedar Creek
Siege of Petersburg
Appomattox Campaign
Battle of Sayler's Creek
Commanders
Insignia

The 122nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 122nd OVI) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

ServiceEdit

The 122nd Ohio Infantry was organized at Zanesville, Ohio and mustered in for three years service on September 30, 1862 under the command of Colonel William H. Ball. (Company C mustered in October 3, Company G mustered in October 5, Company F mustered in October 6, and Companies I and K mustered in October 8, 1862.)

The regiment was attached to Railroad Division, Western Virginia, to January 1863. Milroy's Command, Winchester, Va., VIII Corps, Middle Department, to February 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps, to June 1863. Elliott's Command, VIII Corps, to July 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June 1865.

The 122nd Ohio Infantry mustered out of service at Washington, D.C. on June 26, 1865.

Detailed serviceEdit

Left Ohio for Parkersburg, Va., October 23; thence moved to Clarksburg and to New Creek November 15. Duty at New Creek, Va., November 15 to December 28, 1862. Expedition up the south branch of Potomac River December 28, 1862 to January 1, 1863. Moved to Romney, Va., and duty there until March 17, 1863. Skirmish near Romney February 16. Moved to Winchester March 17, and duty in that vicinity until June. Reconnaissance toward Wardensville and Strasburg April 20. Battle of Winchester June 13–15. Retreat to Harper's Ferry June 15–17. Garrison, Maryland Heights, until July 1. Guard stores to Georgetown, thence moved to Frederick, Md., July 1–5. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5–24. Action at Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty at New York City during draft disturbances August 17-September 5. Bristoe Campaign October 9–22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7–8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Station November 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstrations on the Rapidan February 6–7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5–7; Spottsylvania May 8–12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23–26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26–28. Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 17-July 6. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22–23. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6; thence to Monocacy July 8. Battle of Monocacy Junction, Md., July 9. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 29. Charlestown August 21, 22 and 29. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown until December. Skirmish at Kernstown November 10. Moved to Washington, D.C., December 3; thence to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg, Va., December 6, 1864 to April 2, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3–9. Sayler's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 17–27, and duty there until May. Moved to Richmond, Va., May 16; thence to Washington, D.C., May 24-June 1. Corps Review June 9.

CasualtiesEdit

The regiment lost a total of 230 men during service; 7 officers and 86 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 137 enlisted men died of disease.

CommandersEdit

  • Colonel William H. Ball
  • Lieutenant Colonel Moses M. Granger - commanded at the second battle of Winchester
  • Lieutenant Colonel C. J. Gibson - commanded detachment at the battle of Monocacy

Notable membersEdit

  • Private George A. Loyd, Company A - Medal of Honor recipient for action at Petersburg
  • Chaplain Charles Caldwell McCabe - Chancellor of American University, 1902–1906; bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Principal Musician John T. Patterson - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the battle of Opequan
  • Private Elbridge Robinson, Company C - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the battle of Opequan

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bristol, Frank Milton. The Life of Chaplain McCabe: Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church (Cincinnati: Jennings and Graham), 1908.
  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Granger, Moses M. The Official War Record of the 122nd Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry from October 8, 1862, to June 26, 1865 (Zanesville, OH: G. Lilienthal), 1912.
  • Hartley, James J. The Civil War Letters of the Late lst Lieut. James J. Hartley, 122nd Ohio Infantry Regiment (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.), 1998. ISBN 0-7864-0543-0
  • Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War on the Rebellion, 1861–1865, Compiled Under the Direction of the Roster Commission (Akron, OH: Werner Co.), 1886-1895.
  • Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers (Cincinnati, OH: Moore, Wilstach, & Baldwin), 1868.
Attribution
  • PD-icon This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.

External linksEdit



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