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138th Infantry Regiment
138th Infantry Regiment (former 1138th Engineer Battalion) Coat of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Active 1832
Country United States
Allegiance Missouri
Branch Missouri Army National Guard
Type Infantry
Size Regiment
Garrison/HQ Kansas City, MO
Motto(s) "St. Louis' Own"
Engagements Mexican War
American Civil War
World War I
World War II
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt. Col. Martin M. Clay
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 138 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg


The 138th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment in the U.S. Army National Guard.

History[edit | edit source]

Lineage[edit | edit source]

Organized in 1832 in the Missouri Militia at St. Louis as the St. Louis Grays

  • Consolidated in 1843 with existing units in St. Louis to form the Regiment of St. Louis Militia
  • Mustered into Federal service 18 May 1846 at St. Louis as the St. Louis Legion; mustered out of Federal service 25 August 1846 at St. Louis
  • Reorganized as Easton's Battalion of Infantry and mustered into Federal service

10–24 May 1847 at St. Louis

  • Mustered out of Federal service 9–10 October 1848 at St. Louis; battalion (less St. Louis Grays) concurrently disbanded
  • St. Louis Grays consolidated in 1852 with existing companies in St. Louis to form the 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment
  • 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment captured by Union Forces 10 May 1861 at Camp Jackson, Missouri
  • Elements of former 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment consolidated 22 June 1861 with elements of former 2d Missouri Infantry Regiment (organized in February 1861 at St. Louis; captured by Union forces 10 May 1861 at Camp Jackson, Missouri) and consolidated elements reorganized in Confederate service at Memphis, Tennessee, as the 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment
  • Consolidated 1 November 1862 with the 4th Missouri Infantry Regiment (organized

30 April 1862 in Confederate service near Corinth, Mississippi) and consolidated unit designated as the 1st and 4th Consolidated Missouri Infantry Regiment

  • Surrendered 9 April 1865 at Fort Blakely, Alabama
  • Disbanded 10 May 1865 at Jackson, Mississippi
  • Former 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment reconstituted in 1869 in the Missouri Militia at St. Louis as the 1st Regiment
  • Disbanded 21 April 1874.

(Missouri Militia redesignated 16 March 1877 as the Missouri National Guard)

  • Reconstituted 16 August 1879 in the Missouri National Guard; concurrently, consolidated with the St. Louis National Guard Battalion (see ANNEX 1) and consolidated unit designated as the 1st Regiment
  • Consolidated 27 June 1884 with the 3d Regiment (see ANNEX 2) and consolidated unit designated as the 1st Regiment
  • Disbanded 23 May 1887 at St. Louis
  • Reconstituted in 1887 in the Missouri National Guard as a battalion
  • Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated, 8 October 1888 as the 1st Regiment
  • Mustered into Federal service 13 May 1898 at St. Louis as the 1st Missouri Volunteer Infantry;
  • mustered out of Federal service 31 October 1898 at St. Louis
  • Disbanded 21 August 1899 at St. Louis
  • Reconstituted 18 September 1899 in the Missouri National Guard at St. Louis as the 1st Infantry
  • Mustered into Federal service 18 June 1916 at St. Louis; mustered out of Federal service 25 September 1916 at Nevada
  • Called into Federal service 25 March 1917 at St. Louis; drafted into Federal service

5 August 1917

  • Consolidated 1 October 1917 with the 5th Infantry, Missouri National Guard (organized 21 May 1917 at St. Louis) and consolidated unit designated as the 138th Infantry, an element of the 35th Division
  • Demobilized 12 May 1919 at Fort Riley, Kansas
  • Former 1st Infantry reorganized and Federally recognized 14 April 1921 with Headquarters at St. Louis (former 5th Infantry hereafter separate lineage)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1921 as the 138th Infantry and assigned to the 35th Division
  • Inducted into Federal service 23 December 1940 at St. Louis
  • Relieved 1 March 1942 from assignment to the 35th Division
  • Inactivated 20 July 1944 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi
  • Assigned 20 June 1946 to the 35th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized and Federally recognized 22 October 1946 in the Missouri National Guard as the 138th Infantry with Headquarters at St. Louis
  • Reorganized and redesignated 15 April 1959 as the 138th Infantry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st Battle Group, an element of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized 1 April 1963 to consist of the 1st Battalion
  • Converted, reorganized, and redesignated 1 May 1974 as the 1138th Engineer Battalion
  • Consolidated 1 September 1993 with Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 880th Engineer Battalion (see ANNEX 3) and consolidated unit designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 1138th Engineer Battalion
  • Ordered into active Federal service 15 March 2003 at St. Louis; released from active Federal service 24 July 2004 and reverted to state control
  • Converted, reorganized, and redesignated 1 September 2006 as the 135th Support Detachment; concurrently, location changed to St. Louis
  • Ordered into active Federal service 30 April 2008 at St. Louis; released from active Federal service 8 May 2009 and reverted to state control

ANNEX 1[edit | edit source]

Organized 26 July 1852 in the Missouri Militia at St. Louis as the National Guards

  • Expanded 28 July 1858 to form two companies
  • Converted, reorganized, and redesignated in June 1860 as the Engineer Corps of Missouri
  • Captured by Union forces 10 May 1861 at Camp Jackson, Missouri
  • Reorganized 14 February 1872 at St. Louis as the Company of National Guards
  • Mustered into state service 9 April 1878 as the St. Louis National Guard Battalion

ANNEX 2[edit | edit source]

Organized 7 November 1877 in the Missouri National Guard at St. Louis as the 1st Regiment of Police Reserves

  • Mustered into state service 21 November 1881 as the 3d Regiment

ANNEX 3[edit | edit source]

Constituted 14 December 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 880th Airborne Engineer Battalion, Aviation

  • Activated 1 March 1943 at Westover Field, Massachusetts
  • Redesignated 24 March 1943 as the 880th Airborne Engineer Aviation Battalion
  • Disbanded 21 December 1944 on New Guinea
  • Reconstituted 6 March 1952 in the Air National Guard as the 880th Engineer Aviation Battalion, and allotted to Missouri, Louisiana, and Colorado
  • Organized 1952-1954 with Headquarters Federally recognized 26 January 1954 at St. Louis, Missouri

(Federal recognition withdrawn 1 April 1954 from Company C [Colorado Air National Guard]; Company B [Louisiana Air National Guard] redesignated 1 September 1954 as Company B, 225th Engineer Aviation Battalion – hereafter separate lineage)

  • Redesignated 15 January 1957 as the 880th Engineer Battalion and allotted to the Missouri Army National Guard
  • Battalion broken up 15 January 1968 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 880th Engineer Battalion
  • (Company A as the 1135th Military Police Company; Company B as the 202d Engineer Company; Company C as Company B, 110th Engineer Battalion – hereafter separate lineages)

Distinctive Unit Insignia[edit | edit source]

  • Description

A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 3/32 inches (2.78 cm) in height consisting of a shield blazoned: Azure, the equestrian statue in profile of Louis IX (St. Louis) of France Or, (the statue is in forest Park, St. Louis, by Charles Henry Niehaus).

  • Symbolism

The shield is blue for Infantry. The statue of Louis IX (St. Louis) alludes to the home area of the organization.

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 138th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1926. It was redesignated for the 1138th Engineer Battalion on 3 May 1989.

Coat of arms[edit | edit source]

  • Blazon
    • Shield- Azure, the equestrian statue in profile of Louis IX (St. Louis) of France Or, (the statue is in forest Park, St. Louis, by C.H. Niehaus).
    • Crest- That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Missouri Army National Guard: On a wreath of the colors Or and Azure, a grizzly bear rampant Proper. **Motto: ST. LOUIS’ OWN.
  • Symbolism
    • Shield- The shield is blue for Infantry. The statue of Louis IX (St. Louis) alludes to the home area of the organization.
    • Crest- The crest is that of the Missouri Army National Guard.
  • Background- The coat of arms was originally approved for the 138th Infantry Regiment on 8 July 1922. It was amended to correct the blazon on 11 October 1923. It was redesignated for 1138th Engineer Battalion on 3 May 1989.

Campaign streamers[edit | edit source]

Mexican War

  • New Mexico 1847
  • Chihuahua 1848

Civil War (Confederate Service)

  • Shiloh
  • Mississippi River
  • Vicksburg
  • Atlanta
  • Nashville
  • Mississippi 1862
  • Louisiana 1863
  • Alabama 1864
  • Alabama 1865

World War I

  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Alsace 1918
  • Lorraine 1918

World War II

  • Aleutian Islands
  • New Guinea

War on Terrorism

  • Campaigns to be determined

Decorations[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

  • official website [1]

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