The 144th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment in the Imperial Japanese Army. The regiment was attached to the 55th Division. The regiment participated during the Second Sino-Japanese War, and during World War II, the regiment fought at in the Pacific at Guam, Rabual, Salamaua, invasion of Buna-Gona, during the Kokoda Track campaign and the battle of Buna–Gona.
After being withdrawn to Rabaul, the regiment was transported to Burma to rejoin the 55th Division.
- 1st Battalion
- 2nd Battalion
- 3rd Battalion
- Lieutenant Colonel Masao Kusunose (????–1942; suicide)
- Colonel Yamamoto (1942–1943; killed in action) †
- Rottman, Gordon L.; Guam 1941 & 1944: Loss and Reconquest. Osprey Campaign series #139. Osprey Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-84176-811-1
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