|145th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps|
|Part of||Royal Armoured Corps|
145th Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (8th Duke of Wellington's Regiment) (145 RAC) was an armoured regiment of the British Army's Royal Armoured Corps that served in North Africa and Italy during World War II.
Origin[edit | edit source]
145th Regiment RAC was formed in November 1941 by the conversion to the armoured role of 8th Battalion of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment, which had been raised in 1940 and was serving in 203rd Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), a Home Defence formation serving in South West England. In common with other infantry units transferred to the Royal Armoured Corps, all personnel would have continued to wear their Duke of Wellington's cap badge on the black beret of the RAC
Service[edit | edit source]
145 RAC was assigned to 21st Army Tank Brigade, which sailed for North Africa in March 1943, and took part in the Tunisia Campaign, including the actions on the Medjez Plain in April and around Tunis in May, its infantry tanks operating as part of a 'mixed division' with 4th Infantry Division.
After a year out of the line in North Africa, 21st Tank Brigade was sent to join British Eighth Army in Italy in May 1944. There it took part in I Canadian Corps' operations to force the Gothic Line (August–September), the Rimini Line (September) and the Lamone Crossing (December). 145 RAC was disbanded in Italy in December 1944.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Joslen 2003, p. 306.
- Forty 1998, pp. 50–1.
- Melville-Brown 2005.
- Joslen 2003, pp. 36, 200.
- Joslen 2003, p. 200.
References[edit | edit source]
- Forty, Georgel (1998), British Army Handbook 1939-1945, Stroud: Sutton Publishing, ISBN 0-7509-1403-3.
- Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003), 'Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, ISBN 1843424746.
- Melville-Brown, A. (15 December 2005). "The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding)". Archived from the original on February 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20060103013840/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/inf/033DWR.htm. Retrieved September 2012.
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