The 149th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army, provided by the Kentucky Army National Guard. Established in 1917, the regiment was part of the 75th Infantry Brigade, 38th Division.
The 38th Division deployed to Europe in October 1918, where it landed in France at the height of the German "Peace Offensives". Because the division was not combat ready, it was largely stripped of officers and men, who served as replacements for units already in combat. The 149th Infantry Regiment was broken up in this way to provide replacements.
A military unit has been active in the Louisville, Kentucky area since the 149th Infantry Regiment Combat Team was activated after World War II. The U.S. Army Center for Military History attributes lineage and honors to the Louisville unit further back than that.
It has the Special Designation 'Second Kentucky', commemorating its previous state designation.
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