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149th Pennsylvania Infantry
Flag of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania flag
Country US flag 34 stars.svg United States
Branch Infantry
Allegiance Union
Service history
Active August 30, 1862 – June 24, 1865
Battles American Civil War
Commanders
Commanders Colonel Roy Stone
Lt Col Walton Dwight
Col John Irvin
Insignia
149th PA Infantry

Monument along Chambersburg Pike at Gettysburg

The 149th Pennsylvania Infantry, also known as the 2nd Bucktail Regiment, volunteered during the American Civil War and served a 3-year term from August 1862 to June 1865. Like their forerunners in the 1st Bucktail Regiment, each soldier wore a bucktail on his headwear as a trophy of marksmanship.[1]
During the first year of the Civil War, the 1st Bucktails distinguished themselves as skirmishers and sharpshooters, and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton desired to raise an entire brigade of similar characteristics. Stanton enlisted Major Roy Stone of the 1st Bucktails to this task, and Stone raised 20 companies of recruits by the end of August 1862. These 20 companies became the 149th and 150th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiments.[2]
The Regiment is most noted for its service and sacrifice on July 1, 1863, at the Battle of Gettysburg. One source reports 53 soldiers killed, 172 wounded, and 111 missing or captured out of 450 soldiers engaged for a total casualty rate of 74.7% at the epic Battle.[3]

OrganizationEdit

Company Primary Location of Recruitment[4] Earliest Captain
A Lycoming & Tioga Counties Alfred J. Sofield
B Clearfield County John Irvin
C Lebanon County John H. Bassler
D Allegheny County James Glenn
E Clearfield County Z.C. McCullough
F Luzerne County Edwin S. Osborne
G Perry, Potter & Tioga Counties Thomas B. Bryden
H Clarion & Mifflin Counties Charles B. Stratton
I Huntingdon County Brice X. Blair
K Potter County John C. Johnson

ReferencesEdit

  1. Mr. Lincoln's White House. "Security". http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/inside.asp?ID=78&subjectID=3. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  2. Kohr, Rich. "The Bucktails on McPherson's Ridge". http://www.gettysburgdaily.com/?p=6587. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  3. Busey, John W. & Martin, David G. (2005). Regimental Strengths and Losses at Gettysburg (4th ed.). Hightstown, NJ: Longstreet House. pp. 29,127. ISBN 0-944413-67-6. 
  4. 149th Pennsylvania Reenactors. "About Us". http://149thpabucktails.org/about.htm. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 

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