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14th Army (Wehrmacht)
Country Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Nazi Germany
Service history
Active 1 August 1939 - 13 October 1939
5 November 1943 – 2 May 1945
Battles World War II
Polish campaign
Italian Campaign
Commanders
Commanders Wilhelm List
Insignia

The 14th Army (German language:14. Armee) was a World War II field army of the German Army.

PolandEdit

The 14th Army was activated on 1 August 1939 with General Wilhelm List in command and saw service in Poland until the end of the Polish campaign on 13 October 1939.

ItalyEdit

The army was reactivated for the defence of Italy in 1943 when its headquarters was created using the headquarters personnel of Army Group B which had been abolished when Albert Kesselring was given command of all Axis troops in Italy. 14th Army was initially responsible for the defence of Rome and dealing with any amphibious landings the Allies might make to the rear of 10th Army, which was fighting on the defensive lines south of Rome.[1]

The 14th Army faced the Allied amphibious landings at Anzio in January 1944 and after the Allied breakthrough in May 1944 took part in the fighting retreat to the Gothic Line. The German armies in Italy surrendered on 2 May 1945 after being defeated during the Allies' Spring offensive.

CommandersEdit

  • General (generaloberst) Wilhelm List (August 1, 1939 - October 13, 1939)
  • General Eberhard von Mackensen (November 5, 1943 - June 4, 1944)
  • General of Armoured Troops (general der panzertruppe) Joachim Lemelsen (June 5, 1944 - October 15, 1944)
  • General of Armoured Troops Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin (October 15, 1944 - October 24, 1944)
  • General of Artillery (general der artillerie) Heinz Ziegler (October 24, 1944 - November 22, 1944)
  • General of Armoured Troops Traugott Herr (November 24, 1944 - December 16, 1944)
  • General of Infantry (general der infanterie) Kurt von Tippelskirch (December 16, 1944 - February 17, 1945)
  • General of Armoured Troops Joachim Lemelsen (February 17, 1945 - May 2, 1945)

NotesEdit

  1. Carver, Field Marshal Lord (2001). The Imperial War Museum Book of the War in Italy 1943-1945. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-330-48230-0. , p. 92


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