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16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS
16th SS Division Logo.svg
Insignia of the 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS
Active 1943 - 1945
Country Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Allegiance Adolf Hitler
Branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Type Panzergrenadier
Size Division

The 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS was a Panzergrenadier formation of the Waffen-SS during World War II.

History[]

A 16th SS Division motorcycle unit in Rome, November 1943

Formed in November 1943 when Volksdeutsche recruits were added to the Sturmbrigade Reichsführer SS, which was used as the cadre in the formation of the new division.

A Kampfgruppe ("combat group") from the division fought at the Anzio beachhead, while the rest of the division took part in the occupation of Hungary. It fought in Italy as a division from May 1944, until being transferred to Hungary in February 1945.

In late summer 1944, a part of this division, SS-Panzer-Aufklärungsabteilung 16, commanded by Major Walter Reder, was withdrawn from engagement with the American 5th Army then advancing on the Gothic Line to deal with an Italian Communist guerrilla unit, the Red Star Brigade (Brigata Partigiana Stella Rossa). Operating out of a mountain complex centered on Monte Sole, just Southeast of the town of Marzabotto, and sitting astride communications to Bologna, the Red Star was seen as a significant threat to the German rear, both in terms of cutting communications and obstructing a possible route of retreat. Major Reder successfully completed his assignment and destroyed this guerrilla force. However, he was tried and convicted by an Italian court after the end of the war for the massacre of civilians in and about the region of Marzabotto. Similar charges were made against another unit of the 16th Panzer in connection with a massacre at Sant'Anna di Stazzema in August 1944.

A Kampfgruppe of the 16th Training and Replacement Battalion was based in Arnhem and took part in Operation Market Garden.

The division surrendered to British forces near Klagenfurt, Austria at the end of the war.

Commanders[]

Order of battle[]

  • 35th SS Panzergrenadier Regiment
  • 36th SS Panzergrenadier Regiment
  • 16th SS Artillery Regiment
  • 16th SS Panzer Battalion
  • 16th SS Flak Battalion
  • 16th SS Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 16th SS Sturmgeschütz Battalion
  • 16th SS Pionier Battalion
  • 16th SS Signals Battalion
  • 16th SS Supply Troop
  • 16th SS Headquarters Battalion
  • 16th SS Instandsetzungs Battalion
  • 16th SS Medical Battalion
  • 16th SS Training and Reserve Battalion
  • 16th SS Feldgendarmerie Company
  • 16th SS Panzergrenadier Training Unit

See also[]

References[]

  1. Bishop, Chris. The Essential Vehicle Identification Guide - Waffen-SS Divisions 1939-1945, Amber Books Ltd. 2007, p 144.

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