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17th Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry/Volunteer Mounted Infantry
Flag of the United States (1865–1867).svg
Active June 12, 1861 – August 1865
Country United States of America
Allegiance Union Army
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Engagements American Civil War
Commanders
Colonel of
the Regiment
Milo S. Hascall
John T. Wilder
Jacob G. Vail

The 17th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment, also known as 17th Indiana Volunteer Mounted Infantry Regiment, was an infantry and mounted infantry regiment that served in the Union Army from 1863-1865 during the American Civil War. It served in West Virginia before being transferred to the Western Theater.

Initial infantry serviceEdit

The 17th Indiana was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana, and mustered in June 12, 1861. It left the state for Parkersburg, West Virginia, on July 1, 1861, and was subsequently attached to the District of the Kanawha until September, 1861. Cheat Mountain District, W. Va., to November, 1861. Governor Oliver P. Morton appointed John T. Wilder as the lieutenant colonel of the 17th Indiana Infantry Regiment three months after the regiment was organized. On March 2, 1862, Wilder became the regiment's colonel, replacing Milo Hascall, who became a general.

Conversion to mounted infantryEdit

In December 1862, the regiments colonel, John T. Wilder was promoted to command of the 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, Center, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland. After fruitless attempts to chase down rebel cavalry raiders on foot, the brigade was converted to mounted infantry. At the same time, Wilder proposed to the regiments in the brigade the private purchase of repeating rifles. The regiment voted to go ahead with the conversion to mounted infantry and the purchase of the rifles. Along with the other regiments in the brigade, the 17th chose Spencer repeating rifles, invented by Christopher Spencer, as their weapon.[1]

Spencer-rifle transparent

As part of the "Wilder Lightning Brigade" the 17th was among the first units fighting in the Civil War to receive the Spencer repeating rifle.

After intense training and development of new tactics, the "Lightning Brigade" was ready for service. The mounted infantry proof of concept for the Army of the Cumberland occurred in their first mounted infantry action at the Battle of Hoover's Gap.[2][3] Despite torrential rains, the 17th and its brigade gained the gap so quickly that they surprised and scattered surprised the Confederate 1st (3rd) Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, under Colonel J. Russell Butler at breakfast in front of the entrance of the gap.[4] The 17th drove the enemy before it along the seven mile length of the gap until they were halted by four brigades of infantry and four batteries of guns at the southeastern exit. The massive superiority of firepower the 17th and its brethren had with the Spencers allowed them to entrench and hold the southern entrance against numerous assaults by numerically superior rebel infantry and artillery through the rainy day until the sodden remainder of the XIV Corps slogged to join them at their position.

With the Lightning Brigade, the 17th found itself detached from the XIV Corps to serve as a mobile reserve for all three of the Corps within the Cumberland. After playing a key role in the feint that forced Bragg from Chattanooga, the regiment raided, skirmished, and scouted through the summer into the Chickamauga Campaign. The brigade distinguished itself with its performance at Chickamauga. During the battle, it maintained integrity and discipline exacting high casualties on its attackers. After the battle, it retreated with the army to Chattanooga where it was besieged. The performance of the brigade had demonstrated the value of mounted infantry, and Wilder and the regiments were commended. During the reorganization after Grant took command in the city, the brigade was broken up and the regiments were transferred to the Cavalry Corps. The 17th and the 98th Illinois Mounted Infantry were assigned to 2nd Brigade under Colonel Eli Long of the 2nd Division of the Cavalry Corps under Major General George Crook.

On 1 October, the 17th joined the rest of the Cavalry Corps operating against Wheeler's rebel cavalry, then in the Sequatchie Valley. On 3 October in a night attack at Thompson's Cove, the regiment routed the 2nd Brigade of Kelly's Division, capturing a number of arms and the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry's colors The next day it drove more elements of Wheeler's horsemen out of McMinnville. Regaining contact with the enemy on 7 October beyond Shelbyville, the 17th drove the enemy from the field and into Parmington. When the rebels attempted to make a stand, the regiment charged and took three of Wheeler's guns, a great number of small arms, and 300 prisoners. The regiment regrouped with the 998th Illinois in Huntsville, AL until 13 October, when it started in pursuit of enemy cavalry again.

Service historyEdit

Its assignments are as follows:

  • 15th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to January, 1862.
  • 15th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, January, 1862.
  • 15th Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862.
  • 15th Brigade, 6th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862.
  • 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to December, 1862.
  • 2nd Brigade, 5th Division (Center), 14th Army Corps, to January, 1863.
  • 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, 14th Army Corps, to June, 1863.
  • 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863.
  • Wilder's Mounted Brigade, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1863.
  • 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, November, 1863.
  • 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1864.
  • 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to August, 1865.[5]

NotesEdit

  1. A Spencer carbine at the Smithsonian Institution
  2. Lightning at Hoover's Gap: the Story of Wilder's Brigade, Glenn W. Sunderland, Thomas Yoseloff
  3. http://howcanamandiebetter.com/the-lightning-brigade
  4. National Park Service battle description Archived March 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. Civil War Archive
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BibliographyEdit

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See alsoEdit


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