The 18th Light Horse Regiment (Adelaide Lancers) was a Citizens Military Force unit of the Australian Light Horse, formed during the post-World War I reorganisation of the Australian Army. The regiment traces its origins back to the militia cavalry regiments raised in the colony of South Australia, such as the Adelaide Cavalry Squadron, the Adelaide Mounted Rifles and the South Australian Mounted Rifles. This is a different unit to the pre-World War I, 18th Australian Light Horse (Western Australian Mounted Infantry).
The 18th Light Horse Regiment was formed on 31 March 1921, by drawing upon elements of the existing Light Horse regiments in South Australia and was headquartered at Unley in Adelaide. The initial role of the 18th was as divisional cavalry for the 2nd Cavalry Division, although it routinely trained with the South Australian-based 6th Cavalry Brigade, which included the 3rd Light Horse, 9th Light Horse, 23rd Light Horse and supporting units. During the 1920s the Australian Light Horse converted from their pre-war mounted rifles role to that of cavalry modelled along British Army lines. However, by the end of the 1920s the stringent financial situation across the Army led to the amalgamation of a number of light horse units. This led to the linking of the 18th with the 23rd regiment to form the 18th/23rd Light Horse Regiment in 1929. The 23rd Light Horse was not maintained during the period in which they were linked with the new unit remaining in the former 18th Light Horse locations. The 18th/23rd formed part of the 6th Cavalry Brigade.
In October 1936, the units were unlinked and the 18th was raised as the 18th Light Horse (Machine Gun) Regiment (Adelaide Lancers). As a machine gun regiment they provided fire support to the 2nd Cavalry Division, based in Victoria and South Australia. They were equipped with Vickers Medium Machine Guns which were transported via civilian trucks which were hired from members of the unit given the very limited motorisation which the Army had undergone by this time. By the late 1930s the regiment fell under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Blackburn, VC. As the prospect of war loomed again in 1939, the unit prepared for service overseas. However, when the Second World War broke out and this did not eventuate, Blackburn and many of the officers and men of the unit joined the 2nd Australian Imperial Force's 2/3rd Machine Gun Battalion which fought in Syria and later formed part of the ill-fated Black Force in Java. The unit was converted to the 18th Motor Regiment in March 1942. However, this proved to be a short-lived step as on 8 May 1942 the unit was ordered to convert to an armoured regiment and was renamed the 12th Armoured Regiment. At this time the unit was transferred to the Australian Armoured Corps.
Following the Second World War, the South Australian light horse units were perpetuated through the 3rd/9th South Australian Mounted Rifles, a regiment forming part of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps.
The 18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Hall, Richard John (1968). The Australian Light Horse. Blackburn: W.D. Joynt. pp. 77.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Unit History, Order of Battle (26 January 2018). "18 Light Horse". http://www.ordersofbattle.com/Units/UnitHistory?UniX=6678.
- ↑ Hopkins, R.N.L. (July 1971). "The 6th Armoured Brigade". pp. 7–8.
- ↑ Bou, Jean (2010). Light Horse: A History of Australia's Mounted Arm. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. pp. 228–230. ISBN 0521197082.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Festberg, A.N. (1972). The Lineage of the Australian Army. Melbourne: Allara Publishing. pp. 51.
- ↑ Morrison, James (June 2006). "Land Warfare Studies Centre Study Paper No. 307, Mechanising an Army: Mechanisation Policy and the conversion of the Light Horse,1920–1943". https://www.army.gov.au/sites/g/files/net1846/f/sp307_mechanising_an_army-james_c_morrison.pdf.
- ↑ Faulkner, A. (2008). Arthur Blackburn, VC: An Australian Hero, His Men, and Their Two World Wars. Adelaide: Wakefield Press. pp. 178–185. ISBN 186254784X.
- ↑ Hopkins, R.N.L. (1978). Australian Armour. A History of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps 1927–1972.. Puckapunyal: Royal Australian Armoured Corps Museum.
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