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18th Space Surveillance Squadron
18th Space Surveillance Squadron emblem
Active 1966-1975; 1990-2004
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Space Control
Role Optical Space Surveillance
Part of Air Force Space Command/14th Air Force/1st Space Wing/73d Space Surveillance Group
Garrison/HQ Edwards AFB, California
Motto(s) SEMPER VIGILANS IN SINE ALTO - "Ever Vigilant in the High Frontier"
Decorations Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA

The United States Air Force's 18th Space Control Squadron (18 SPCS) was a space surveillance unit located at Edwards AFB, California. Before its inactivation, the 18th SPCS operated optical sensors for the Ground-based Electro Optical Deep Space System (GEODSS).

Mission[edit | edit source]

The mission of the 18th SPCS is to provide direct support to USCINCSPACE’s space control mission through optical space surveillance. This includes detection, tracking, identification, and special signature collection of near space and deep space objects.

History[edit | edit source]

18th SPSS was the optical portion of the United States Air Force's Space Surveillance Network. They were responsible for operating four worldwide GEODSS sites, in addition to the Transportable Optical System (TOS), and the Maui Space Surveillance Complex (MSSC). The focal point for all optical command and control was centralized at the Optical Command, Control and Communications Facility (OC3F). The 18 SPSS became part of the 1st Space Wing, Air Force Space Command, on 1 February 1990. The unit was reassigned from the 1st Space Wing to the 73d Space Group on 15 May 1992. The 18th SPSS relocated to Edwards Air Force Base, California in July 1995. The 73rd Space Group was inactivated in May 1995 and all units were then assigned to the 21st Space Wing. With a force-wide renaming of space units, the 18th SPSS became the 18th Space Control Squadron (18 SCS) in February 2003. This renaming did not last long, however, since the unit was inactivated in June 2004, with all detachments falling under the 21st Operations Group.

Assignments[edit | edit source]

Major Command[edit | edit source]

Numbered Air Force[edit | edit source]

Wing/Group[edit | edit source]

Detachments[edit | edit source]

  • 18 SPSS, Detachment 1 - Socorro, New Mexico
  • 18 SPSS, Detachment 2 - Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territories
  • 18 SPSS, Detachment 3 - Maui, Hawaii
  • 18 SPSS, Detachment 4 - Morón AB, Spain[1]

Previous designations[2][edit | edit source]

  • 18th Space Control Squadron (February 2003 - June 2004)
  • 18th Space Surveillance Squadron (1 November 1966 – 1 October 1975; 1 February 1990-???)

Bases stationed[edit | edit source]

  • Edwards AFB, California (1 November 1994 – 2004)
  • Peterson AFB, Colorado (1 February 1990 – 1 November 1994)
  • Edwards AFB, California (1 January 1967 – 1 October 1975)

Equipment Operated[3][edit | edit source]

Decorations[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Fact Sheets : Det 4, 21st Operations Group : Det 4, 21st Operations Group". Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. http://www.webcitation.org/5h6pLL71Q. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  2. Rogers, B. (2006). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. ISBN 1-85780-197-0
  3. World Airpower Journal. (1992). US Air Force Air Power Directory. Aerospace Publishing: London, UK. ISBN 1-880588-01-3
  4. Air Force Personnel Center Awards Search (Post-1991)
  5. AFSPC Special Order GA-58, 6 December 1999
  6. AFSPC Special Order GA-62, 6 December 1999
  7. AFSPC Special Order GA-09, 1 November 1997
  8. AFHRA factsheet: 18th Space Control Squadron

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