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18th U.S. Colored Infantry
Flag of the United States (1863-1865)
Country United States
Branch Infantry
Allegiance United States of America
Service history
Active September 28, 1864 to February 21, 1866
Battles Defense of Nashville
Battle of Nashville
Pursuit of Hood
Skirmish at Elrod's Tan Yard

The Eighteenth Regiment of U.S. Colored Infantry (aka: 18th Regt Infantry- U.S. Colored Troops) was an African-American infantry regiment, raised in the state of Missouri, which served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


Organized in Missouri at large February 1 to September 28, 1864. Unlike other African-American regiments from the State of Missouri, the regiment was mustered directly into U.S., rather than state service.[1]

Attached to District of St. Louis, Mo., Department of Missouri, to December 1864. Unassigned, District of the Etowah, Department of the Cumberland, December 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of the Etowa, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January 1865. Unassigned, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, March 1865. 1st Colored Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee and Department of the Tennessee, to February 1866.

Detailed ServiceEdit

Duty in District of St. Louis, Mo., and at St. Louis until November 1864. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., November 7. Moved to Paducah, Kentucky, November 7–11, thence to Nashville, Tenn. Occupation of Nashville during Hood's investment December 1–15. Battles of Nashville December 15–16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17–28. At Bridgeport, Alabama, guarding railroad until February 1865. Action at Elrod's Tan Yard January 27.[2] At Chattanooga, Tennessee, and in District of East Tennessee until February 1866. Mustered out February 21, 1866.

Total strength and casualtiesEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. The four other African-American infantry regiments raised in Missouri (the 63rd, 65th, 67th, and 68th U.S. Colored Troops) were initially organized as state regiments in Federal service: the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Missouri Regiments of Colored Infantry. Later all were later converted to "U.S." regiments in accordance with Department of War policy.
  2. For further details of the action at Elrod's Tan Yard and a map of the skirmish, see Official Reports of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series 1, Volume XLIX, Part 1, pp 10-12


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