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190th Ochakov Infantry Regiment
190th Ochakov Infantry Regiment Badge

Badge of the 190th Regiment
Country Flag of Russia.svg Russian Empire
Branch Flag of Russia.svg Russia Army
Allegiance Tsar of Russia
Service history
Active Roots dating back to 1804 but officially formed in December 1910 - Disbanded 1918
Role Infantry
Size Four battalions
Part of 48th Division
Battles Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive
Commanders
Insignia

The 190th Ochakov Infantry Regiment ( or 190th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Imperial Russian Army that had its roots dating back to 1804 until finally disbanding in 1918 as a result of the Russian Revolution.

HistoryEdit

243rd Zlatoust Infantry Reserve BattalionEdit

The 243rd Zlatouse Infantry Reserve battalion are one of the three regiments that formed the 190th Ochakov Infantry Regiment. The battalion was originally formed as the Ufa Garrison Battalion in early April 1804. In september of 1829 the battalion was retitled as the Orenburg Battalion No. 16. In 1837 the battalion was again retitled becoming Orenburg Battalion No. 10. Following the reforms to the Russian Empire areas the battalion was renamed as the Ufa Governorate Battalion. Just ten years later the battalion was again retitled becoming the Ufa Local Battalion. Finally in 1887 the battalion was renamed as the Ufa Reserve Personnel Battalion. In 1891 the battalion was renamed as the Zlatoust Reserve Battalion. In 1904 the battalion was reformed as the 243rd (Zlatouse) Infantry Regiment and two years later becoming the 243rd (Zlatoust) Infantry Reserve Battalion. One of the regiment's most known commanders was Colonel Alexander Alexandrovich Grannikov.[1]

208th Ochakov Reserve BattalionEdit

The 208th Reserve Battalion was another of the battalions to later form the 190th. The 208th Battalion is special as it contained the Ochakov name and carried it through to the new regiment it was early in precedence by the time of the formation. The battalion was first formed from the 1st Crimean Garrison Battalion in 1811. Just five years later the battalion was renamed as the Kherson Internal Garrion Battalion. In 1864 after the Crimean War reforms the battalion was retitled as the Kherson Governorate Battalion. Ten years later it became the Kherson Local Battalion. And just a few months after being renamed the regiment was split to form the 1st and 2nd Kherson Local Battalions. Just a few months later in august of the same year the battalions were merged forming the 53rd Reserve Infantry Personnel Battalion. In 1891 the battalion became the Ochakov Reserve Battalion. In 1899 the battalion was brought into line with the rest of the army and became the 208th Ochakov Reserve Battalion, and four years after became the 208th Infantry Reserve Ochakov Battalion. In 1905 the battalion was expanded to create the 208th Ochakov Infantry regiment but the next year was reduced to become the 208th Ochakov Reserve Battalion.[1]

209th (Nikolaevsky) Infantry Reserve RegimentEdit

The 209th Infantry Reserve Regiment was the third but 2nd regiment in precedence when merged. The regiment was first formed in December 1863 as the Dinaburgsky Fortress Battalion. The next year the battalion was seperated to form two battalions. In 1877 the battalions were expanded to regiments of four battalions In 1878 the 1st regiment was reduced to the 55th Reserve Infantry Personnel Battalion and later reformed as the 209th (Nicholas) Infantry Regiment. In 1905 the regiment was retitled as the 209th (Nikolaevsky) Infantry Regiment and the next year was reduced to the 209th Nicholas Infantry Reserve Regiment. The regiment's famous commander was Colonel Nikolay Babikov who served from 1906-1910.[1]

190th (Ochakov) Infantry RegimentEdit

The 190th Infantry Regiment came into being in February 1910 when the 1st Battalion, 209th (Nikolaevsky) Infantry Regiment, 243rd (Zlatoust) Reserve Battalion) and 208th (Ochakov) Reserve Regiment were merged to create the 190th (Ochakov) Infantry Regiment. During their entire existence, despite the name, was garrisoned in the town of Ufa.[2] The regiment only served in one war, being World War I where it participated in one recorded battle, Gorlice-Tarnow Offensive. The regiment was disbanded following the Russian Revolution.[1][2]

Other InformationEdit

The regiment's banner was a "simple banner" - meaning it had a plain background. The flag had the Alexander's Jubilee ribbon in the middle.[1]

In the center of the sign was the Ochakovsky Cross with the inscription "190 Ochakovsky". The cross had the insignias of Alexander I and Nicholas II with the dates "1804-1904". The cross was "half-broom" with a double headed eagle in with the chest having the number "100".[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 http://regiment.ru/reg/II/B/190/1.htm#1.%20%D0%9E%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://marksrussianmilitaryhistory.info/RUSS1914.html
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