FANDOM

250,873 Pages

October 29–30, 1937 executions in Belarus refers to a mass extermination of Belarusian writers, artists and statespeople by Communist authorities. This event marks the peak of the Great Purge and repressions in the Soviet-controlled East Belarus.

More than 100 notable persons were executed, most of them in the night between 29 and 30 October 1937. Their innocence was later admitted by the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin's death.

HistoryEdit

On September 7, 1937, Joseph Stalin signed a list of persons to be judged by a Soviet Military commission. The list was also signed by Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Klim Voroshilov and Nikolay Yezhov. The results of the trials related to persons from the Belarusian SSR were formulated in a different list dated 15 September 1937 and signed by Stalin, Molotov and the senior state security official Vladimir Tsesarsky. The list of people from the Belarusian SSR sentenced to execution included 103 persons, six more persons were sentenced to ten and more years of concentration camps.

The initial list was extended by the NKVD of the Belarusian SSR. People added to the list by the NKVD of Belarus are marked with an asterisk (*) in the list below. The executions took place in the Minsk internal NKVD prison (known as the Amerikanka). According to historian Leanid Marakou, between March 3, 1937, and May 22, 1938, over 100,000 people were victims of repressions by the Soviet authorities.

List of executed personsEdit

  1. Barys Abukhou
  2. * Mikalay Arabey, head of primary education department of the Communist Party of Byelorussia
  3. Navum Aronau
  4. Ihnat Afanasyeu, lecturer and pedagogue
  5. * Anatol Auhustsinovich, head of construction department at the Soviet of People's Commissars (government) of Belarus of Belarus
  6. Siamion Babkou
  7. Heorhi Barzunou
  8. * Vadzim Bashkevich, senior official at the People's Commissariate for Education
  9. Salamon Beilin
  10. Abram Belatsarkouski
  11. * Yakau Branshteyn, literary critic
  12. Ivan Burdyka, government official
  13. * Viktar Vaynou, journalist
  14. * Aliaksandr Varonchanka, people's commisar (minister) for education of Belarus
  15. Stanislau Varshauski
  16. Ryhor Vasilyeu-Vashchylin
  17. Anatol Volny, artist
  18. Mousha-Nokhim Habayeu
  19. Apanas Habrusiou
  20. * Platon Halavach, writer
  21. Anton Heyshtern
  22. * Iosif Hershon, deputy education minister of Belarus
  23. Yakau Hinsburh
  24. Abram Hosin
  25. Kanstantsin Hurski
  26. Nokhman Hurevich
  27. * Mikalai Dzeniskevich, senior Communist Party official
  28. Mikalay Dzmitrau
  29. Ananiy Dziakau, president of the Belarusian State University in 1934-1935
  30. Abram Drakakhrust
  31. Ales Dudar, poet
  32. * Khatskel Dunets, critic and writer
  33. Hirsh Elianson
  34. Mikalai Yermakou
  35. Ivan Zhyvutski, teacher
  36. Navum Zamalin, junior professor at Vitsebsk Veterinarian Institute
  37. Mikhas Zaretski, writer
  38. Aliaksandr Ziankovich
  39. Aliaksandr Ivanou
  40. Prokhar Ispraunikau, agriculture journalist from Vitsebsk
  41. * Zakhar Kavaliou, statesman, Communist Party official
  42. Vasil Kaval, writer
  43. * Zakhar Kavalchuk, Labour Union leader
  44. * Mikalai Kandrashuk, senior official at the People's Commisariate for Light Industry of Belarus
  45. Salamon Kantar
  46. Mikhail Kapitanaki
  47. * Jazep Karaneuski, statesman, pedagogue
  48. Ivan Karpenka, veterinarian
  49. Herasim Kachanau
  50. Viktar Klianitski
  51. Todar Kliashtorny, poet
  52. Iosif Kudzelka, head of copyright department at the Union of Writers of Belarus
  53. * Maisei Kulbak, Yiddish language writer
  54. Aliaksei Kuchynski, statesman, pedagogue, journalist
  55. * Mikhail Labadayeu, Communist Party official
  56. * Leanard Lashkevich, senior agriculture official
  57. Aliaksandr Levin, literature critic
  58. Salamon Levin, literature critic
  59. Pinia Leybin
  60. Khaim Liaybovich
  61. * Maksim Liaukou, justice minister of Belarus
  62. Siamion Likhtenshteyn
  63. Mikite Lukashonak
  64. Yurka Liavonny, poet
  65. Salamon Liampert, student
  66. Elizar Mazel, veterinarian, scientist
  67. * Leu Mayseeu, Communist Party of Byelorussia official
  68. Barys Malau, senior official at the People's Commisariate of Trade
  69. Valery Marakou, poet
  70. Stsiapan Marhelau, geography scientist
  71. Mikhail Marholin
  72. * Barys Maryanau, Communist Party of Byelorussia official
  73. Pavel Maslennikau
  74. Andrei Melik-Shakhnazarau
  75. Abram Mirlin
  76. Mikalai Misnikou
  77. * Dziamyan Mikhaylau, advisor at the government of Belarus
  78. Mikalay Mikheyeu
  79. * Siarhei Mitskou, factory director, ministry official
  80. Sierhei Murzo, poet
  81. Pavel Mukhin, veterinarian
  82. Yakau Navakhrest
  83. Ivan Nestsiarovich
  84. Ivan Padsiavalau
  85. Ivan Paplyka
  86. Mikhail Pasmarnik
  87. * Vasil Petrushenia, transport and utilities adviser at the government of Belarus
  88. Ziama Pivavarau, poet
  89. Mikhail Pitomtsau
  90. Apalon Pratapopau
  91. * Ryhor Pratasenia, agriculture chemistry scientist
  92. Izrail Purys
  93. Aliaksandr Putsilouski
  94. Ivan Putsintsau
  95. Kuzma Piatrashyn
  96. Yanka Niomanski, writer, social activist
  97. Aron-Leyb Razumouski
  98. Mikhail Rydzeuski, university professor
  99. Aliaksandr Samakhvalau
  100. Yakau Sandamirski, university professor
  101. Oskar Saprytski, government official
  102. Ivan Sarokash
  103. Yakau Spektar, government official
  104. Vasil Starynski
  105. Vasil Stasheuski, writer
  106. Heorhi Strele, sovkhoz director
  107. Mikalai Suroutsau
  108. Dzmitry Sialou, official at the education ministry
  109. Pantsialey Siardziuk, biologist
  110. Miron Tanenbaum
  111. Yudal Taubin, poet
  112. Ivan Trotski
  113. Elia Trumpatski
  114. * Andrei Turlay, People's Commissar for sovkhozy of Belarus
  115. Yauhen Uspenski, physicist
  116. Ryhor Falkin
  117. Aba Finkelshtayn
  118. Yausei Flombaum
  119. * Isak Frydman, government official
  120. Dzmitry Kharlats
  121. * Izi Kharyk, poet
  122. Piatro Khatuliou, literature critic
  123. Aliaksandr Charnushevich, education minister
  124. Mikalai Charniak
  125. Mikhas Charot, poet
  126. Kanstantsin Chachura
  127. Makar Shalay, literature critic
  128. Yudal Shapira
  129. Pavel Shastakou, journalist
  130. * Aran Yudelson, Yiddish language poet
  131. Yakau Yulkin
  132. * Viktar Yarkin, official at the Dniapro-Dzvina river steamboats navigation in Homel

SourcesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.