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1964 Ethiopian–Somali Border War
DateFebruary–April, 1964
LocationOgaden, Ethiopia
Result

Ethiopian Military Victory[1]

  • Somali military offensive repulsed
  • Peace treaty between Somali Republic and the Ethiopian Empire was signed in Sudan
  • Minor insurgency continues in the Ogaden
Belligerents
 Ethiopian Empire Somalia Somali Republic
Commanders and leaders
Ethiopian Empire Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Empire Aklilu Habte-Wold
Ethiopian Empire Aman Mikael Andom
Somalia Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
Somalia Daud Abdulle Hirsi
Somalia Salaad Gabeyre Kediye

On 16 June 1963, Somali guerrillas started a minor insurgency at Hodayo, in eastern Ethiopia, a watering place north of Werder, after Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie rejected their demand for self-government in the Ogaden. The Somali government initially refused to support the guerrilla forces, which eventually numbered about 3,000.[citation needed] However, in early February 1964, the Somali Army attacked Ethiopian police units at Inaguha (southeast of Jijiga), Dabagoryale (northeast of Aware), Ferfer, Yät, and Dolo, with most of its forces attacking Togochale (northeast of Jijiga). In response, Ethiopia sent an airborne company, an infantry battalion, an artillery battery, and a mechanized platoon with M24 tanks to Togochale,[2] and with support from the air force, which began punitive strikes across the southwestern frontier against Feerfeer (northeast of Beledweyne) and Galkacyo, the Somali offensive was quickly repulsed. On 6 April 1964, Somalia and Ethiopia agreed to a cease-fire. At the end of the month, the two sides signed an accord in Khartoum, Sudan, agreeing to withdraw their troops from the border, cease hostile propaganda, and start peace negotiations.[3][4]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Ayele, Fantahun (2014). The Ethiopian Army: From Victory to Collapse. Northwestern University Press. 

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