|1964 Ethiopian–Somali Border War|
|Ethiopian Empire||Somali Republic|
|Commanders and leaders|
Aman Mikael Andom
Aden Abdullah Osman Daar|
Daud Abdulle Hirsi
Salaad Gabeyre Kediye
On 16 June 1963, Somali guerrillas started a minor insurgency at Hodayo, in eastern Ethiopia, a watering place north of Werder, after Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie rejected their demand for self-government in the Ogaden. The Somali government initially refused to support the guerrilla forces, which eventually numbered about 3,000. However, in early February 1964, the Somali Army attacked Ethiopian police units at Inaguha (southeast of Jijiga), Dabagoryale (northeast of Aware), Ferfer, Yät, and Dolo, with most of its forces attacking Togochale (northeast of Jijiga). In response, Ethiopia sent an airborne company, an infantry battalion, an artillery battery, and a mechanized platoon with M24 tanks to Togochale, and with support from the air force, which began punitive strikes across the southwestern frontier against Feerfeer (northeast of Beledweyne) and Galkacyo, the Somali offensive was quickly repulsed. On 6 April 1964, Somalia and Ethiopia agreed to a cease-fire. At the end of the month, the two sides signed an accord in Khartoum, Sudan, agreeing to withdraw their troops from the border, cease hostile propaganda, and start peace negotiations.
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- "The History Guy: Ethiopia-Somalia Wars and Conflicts". http://www.historyguy.com/ethiopia_somali_wars.html. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- Ayele 2014, p. 22.
- "Somalia profile - Timeline". BBC Africa. 4 January 2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094632. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- "Onwar". https://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1900s/yr60/fgreatersomalia1960.htm. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Ayele, Fantahun (2014). The Ethiopian Army: From Victory to Collapse. Northwestern University Press.
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