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1st Battalion 9th Marines
1-9 new battalion logo.jpg
1/9 Insignia
  • 1 March 1942 – 9 September 2001
  • April 2007–August 29, 2014 (retired 2nd time)
Country United States
Allegiance United States of America
Branch USMC
Type Infantry
Role Locate, close with and destroy the enemy through fire and maneuver
Part of 9th Marine Regiment
3rd Marine Division
Garrison/HQ Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Nickname(s) "The Walking Dead"

World War II

Vietnam War

Operation Desert Storm
War on Terror

Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.

The 1st Battalion 9th Marines (1/9) was an infantry battalion of the United States Marine Corps. Formed during World War I, it served until the mid-2000s when it was deactivated to make room for one of three light armor reconnaissance battalions. During the Vietnam War, 1/9 sustained the highest casualty rate in Marine Corps history. This earned them the nickname "The Walking Dead".

In late 2005, the battalion was once again activated and attached to the 8th Marine Regiment at MCB Camp Lejeune. Although the first full company has deployed, 1/9 was not expected to be ready for deployment as a battalion until May 2008. On 19 April 2007, 1/9 was officially stood up with all of its subordinate units fully manned.

As of 29 August 2014 the battalion has once again been deactivated due to a force shaping initiative and downsizing of the Marine Corps.[1]

On the occasion of this deactivation, one of its former officers lauded: "Not a better battalion in the world".[2]

Subordinate units[edit | edit source]

The battalion was composed of four rifle infantry companies and one headquarters and services company:

  • Alpha Company
  • Bravo Company
  • Charlie Company
  • Weapons Company [3][4]
  • Headquarters & Service Company to include Scouts; Corpsmen; 81mm Mortars (later 60mm mortars); Battalion Command Group Sections (Operations/Plans/Training, Intelligence, Supply, and Administration) along with the Battalion Aid Section. H&S Co. also had a provisional rifle platoon composed of all Marines in H&S in the '65-'66 time period. Many of these personnel were assigned to each of the four rifle infantry companies.

History[edit | edit source]

World War I[edit | edit source]

The battalion was activated on 20 November 1917 at Quantico, Virginia as the 9th Regiment. During December 1917 they were deployed to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and attached to the 3rd Provisional Brigade. They were relocated during August 1918 to Fort Crockett, Galveston, Texas, and detached from 3rd Provisional Brigade. They moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during April 1919 and deactivated 25 April 1919.

World War II[edit | edit source]

The battalion was activated on 1 March 1942 at San Diego, California and were assigned to the 2nd Marine Regiment of the 2nd Marine Division. They were reassigned during August 1942 to Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet and shortly thereafter relocated during September 1942 to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California and reassigned to the 3rd Marine Division. They deployed during January–February 1943 to Auckland, New Zealand and from there participated in the following World War II Campaigns:

Following the surrender of Japan the battalion was detached during December 1945 from the 3rd Marine Division and returned during December 1945 to Camp Pendleton, California. They were formally deactivated on 31 December 1945.

Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

During the Vietnam War, the unit earned the name "The Walking Dead" for its high casualty rate.[5] The battalion endured the longest sustained combat and suffered the highest killed in action (KIA) rate in Marine Corps history, especially during the Battle of July Two. The battalion was engaged in combat for 47 months and 7 days, from 15 June 1965 to 19 October 1966 and 11 December 1966 to 14 July 1969. Based on a typical battalion strength of 800 Marines and Navy hospital corpsmen, 2,892 Marines passed through the unit over those 47 months, meaning 25.89% (747) were Killed In Action (KIA) and 0.0007% (2) were Missing In Action (MIA).

1/9 participated in the following operations during the Vietnam War:

  • Blastout I August 65
  • Golden Fleece Sep–Oct 65
  • County Fair Sep–Dec 65
  • Rice Straw Oct–Nov 65
  • Independence February 1966
  • Ky Lam Campaign May 1966
  • Liberty July 1966
  • Macon Jul–Oct 1966
  • Suwannee Aug 1966 [6]
  • Deckhouse V January 1967
  • Prairie II Feb–Mar 1967
  • Chinook II Feb–Apr 1967
  • Operation Beacon Hill Mar–Apr 1967
  • Operation Prairie III Mar–Apr 1967
  • Operation Prairie IV Apr–May 1967
  • Operation Cimarron Jun–Jul 1967
  • Buffalo July 1967
  • Fremont Jul–Oct 1967 (became Neosha)
  • Operation Kentucky November 1967–Feb 1969
  • Neosho November 1967–January 1968
  • Scotland November 1967–March 1968
  • Checkers December 1967–January 1968
  • Ballistic Armor January 1968
  • Dai Do April–May 1968
  • Kentucky Apr–Jun 1968
  • Lancaster July 1968
  • Scotland II Apr–Sep 1968
  • sdale Aug–Sep 1968
  • Pegasus/LamSon 207 April 1968 26 Mar
  • July Action July 1968
  • Dawson River November 1968–January 1969
  • Dawson River South January 1969
  • Dawson River West January 1969
  • Dewey Canyon January–March 1969. On 22 February elements of 1/9 Marines operated in the vicinity of FSB Erskine and came into contact with 3rd Battalion, 9th NVA Regiment.[7]
  • Apache Snow May–June 1969
  • Utah Mesa June-Jul
  • Cameron Falls JunAug 1969
  • Direct Combat Support 19–21 May 1971
  • Heroic Action 11 May 1972
  • Song Thanh 5-72 13 May 1972
  • Song Thanh 6-72 24 May 1972
  • ReadyOp 27-June 1972
  • LamSon 72(I) 29 June 1972
  • LamSon 72 (II) 11 July 1972
  • Frequent Wind 20–30 April 1975

Vietnam-era battalion insignia

The 1980s & 1990s[edit | edit source]

During most of this time period, the battalion rotated between Camp Pendleton, California and Camp Hansen, Okinawa, Japan. This consisted of six months overseas and 18 months in California.

1stBn, 9thMarines, Fleet Marine Force(REIN), Camp Pendleton, California served on several overseas deployments. 1/9 was redesignated as Battalion Landing One Slant Nine and deployed as the 13th MEU/SOC and 11th MEU/SOC. During its deployments, the Marines became a Marine Expeditionary Unit(MEU) that was Special Operations Capable(SOC). This designation became America's 911 calling card. The Marines and Sailors were well trained in Counter Terrorism, Downed Airman Rescue, Embassy evacuations, SPIE rigging, fast roping, rubber raiding in their inflatable boats for boarding and insertion, and rappelling. The tempo of the times called for high speed actions at a moments notice. With the Cold War a very real threat, much of the training was spent on foreign soviet weapons and soviet military doctrine.

The Battalion proudly served in Gulf War I.

Operation Restore Hope[edit | edit source]

In September 1993, 1st Battalion 9th Marines from Camp Pendleton, California commanded by LtCol. Silva were the battalion deployed as the ground combat element of the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit. The 13th MEU arrived off the coast of Somalia in early October in direct response to the Battle of Mogadishu fought on 3 and 4 October 1993. The 13th MEU and 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit formed the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade (1st MEB) commanded by General Peter Pace. 1st MEB remained on station ready to provide support to United States and United Nations forces.

1st MEB was disestablished when the 22nd MEU (SOC) was reassigned to the Mediterranean area of operations in mid-November. The 13th MEU remained as the principle rapid response force in support of the joint task force and participated in Operation Restore Hope and Operation Continue Hope. They also developed and executed two humanitarian assistance operations. The first, Operation Show Care took place in the cities of Marka and Qoryooley from 11–14 November. From 1–3 December 1993, Operation More Care was conducted in the Old Port of Mogadishu. Both operations provided needed medical and dental assistance to Somali citizens.

The 13th MEU (SOC) continued its presence mission through January, providing aircraft for the "Eyes Over Mogadishu" missions as well as sniper support at the United States Embassy compound. 2 February 1994, the 24th MEU (SOC) relieved the 13th MEU (SOC).

Deactivated on 9 September 1994 and redesignated 2nd Battalion 1st Marines. The battalion remained inactive from 1994 through 2007.[8]

Global War on Terror[edit | edit source]

Marines with 1st Battalion

A team of infantry Marines with 3rd Platoon, Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 9th Marine Regiment, patrols across a field during a security patrol in Helmand province, Afghanistan, 21 February 2014.

Marines started checking into 6th Marine regiment in April 2005, to start forming 1st Battalion 9th Marines. In April 2006, after only a 30-day work-up cycle, Alpha Company deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and completed a successful six-month deployment to Forward Operating Base Grizzly in Camp Ashraf, Iraq. During this time the company conducted security and stabilization operations north of Al Khalis in the Diyala Governorate, working jointly with Military Police, Cavalry and Field Artillery units from the National Guard. Alpha company returned in October 2006 without the loss of any Marines. 1st Battalion 9th Marines was officially reactivated in April 2007. In March 2008, the Battalion deployed to Al Anbar Province on a 7-month deployment, and took over sole responsibility of Ar Ramadi and all security missions in the immediate area. The Battalion was divided into Police Transition Teams (PTT) and worked directly with Iraqi Police developing them into a more efficient professional police force to provide a more safe and secure living environment for the local populace. 1/9 returned from deployment in October 2008.[9]

In 2011, 1/9 completed a successful seven-month deployment to Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

From September 2012 to December 2012, Alpha Company deployed to Al Jaber, Kuwait providing security forces for MAG-40.

1/9 deployed to Helmand Province Afghanistan from Sept 2013-May 2014 in support of operation Enduring Freedom.

Medal of Honor recipients[edit | edit source]

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. It is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States".[10] The following table contains the names of the men who were recipients of the Medal of Honor while serving in 1/9. They are listed in accordance to the "Date of Action" in which the MoH citation was made.

Name Rank Unit Place Date of action Ref.
Leims JH USMC.jpg
John H. Leims
Second Lieutenant Company B, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines, 3rd Marine Division Iwo Jima 3 March 1945 [11]
Singleton WK.jpg
Walter K. Singleton
Sergeant Company A, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines, 3rd Marine Division Republic of Vietnam 24 March 1967 [12]
Col Wesley L Fox.jpg
Wesley L. Fox
Captain Company A, 1st Battalion, 9th Marines, 3rd Marine Division A Shau Valley, Republic of Vietnam 25 February 1969 [13]
Witek F.jpg
Frank P. Witek
Private First Class 1st Battalion, 9th Marines, 3rd Marine Division Guam 3 August 1944 [14]

Navy Cross recipients[edit | edit source]

The Navy Cross is the highest medal that can be awarded by the Department of the Navy and the second highest award given for valor. The following names are of the men who were recipients of the Navy Cross while serving in 1/9.

  • Cpl. Jonathan Yale (posthumous)
  • LCpl Jordan Haerter (posthumous)
  • 1stSgt Jettie Rivers, Jr. (posthumous - Promoted to 2ndLt)
  • SSgt Leon R. Burns
  • 2ndLt William J. Christman III (posthumous)
  • 1stLt Gatlin J. Howell (posthumous)
  • Capt William M. Keys
  • Capt Albert C. Slater
  • LCpl Dana C. Darnell
  • IstLt Lee Herron (posthumous)
  • LCpl Michael Edward Stewart (Posthumous)
  • 2nd Lt George Malone

Notable former members[edit | edit source]

John N. Paulson/ William J. Inman[15]

Unit awards[edit | edit source]

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. 1st Battalion, 9th Marines has been presented with the following awards:

Bronze star
Bronze star
Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) with two bronze stars
U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg
Presidential Unit Citation (Army)
Bronze star
Navy Unit Commendation with one bronze service star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Meritorious Unit Commendation with two bronze service stars
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with four bronze stars
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg
World War II Victory Medal
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg
National Defense Service Medal with two bronze stars
Korean Service Medal ribbon.svg
Korean Service Medal
Marine Corps Expeditionary ribbon.svg Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal
Bronze star
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Vietnam Service Medal ribbon.svg
Vietnam Service Medal with two silver stars
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg
Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm Streamer
Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Action Medal

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. http://news.msn.com/us/walking-dead-marine-battalion-to-be-deactivated
  2. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/aug/29/walking-dead-marine-battalion-to-be-deactivated/
  3. http://www.virtual.vietnam.ttu.edu/cgi-bin/starfetch.exe?DOW8sY7paurEHQC3QWh7pS6AZch5jQytaeqWr65RXemoTLT3otAwor04Cui.b8q0EzQ2lthOJAt7mVyE8wtam2AaKqpgIeqSkGpYm5K22.K2Aa9Pqu7SMg/1201056012.pdf
  4. http://www.thewalkingdead.org/honorroll/deltacompany.html
  5. p. 231 Fox, Wesley L. Marine Rifleman: Forty-Three Years in the Corps 2003 Brasseys
  6. http://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/resources/operations/operations.txt
  7. Pike, Thomas,Operations and Intelligence, I Corps Reporting: February 1969, Page 193, ISBN 9781519486301. www.tfpike.com The 3rd Battalion was also known as the K.16 NVA Battalion.
  8. http://www.military.com/daily-news/2014/08/29/marines-deactivate-decorated-walking-dead-unit.html
  9. "Regimental Lineage". http://www.1stbattalion9thmarines.com/History/lineage.htm. Retrieved 29 July 2006. 
  10. "Title 2, Chapter V, Part 58, Sec. 578.4 "Medal of Honor"". Code of Federal Regulations. 1 July 2002. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070929122126/http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/14mar20010800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2002/julqtr/32cfr578.4.htm. Retrieved 18 October 2007. 
  11. [1], Who's Who in Marine Corps History, History Division, United States Marine Corps, Retrieved 23 May 2008
  12. "Sergeant Walter K. Singleton., USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Singleton_WK.htm. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  13. "Colonel Wesley L. Fox, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. United States Marine Corps. http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Fox_WL.htm. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  14. "Private First Class Frank P. Witek., USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Witek_FP.htm. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  15. 1/9 Vietnam 1965

References[edit | edit source]

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