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1st Missouri Infantry (C.S.A.)
Active September 1861 to April 9, 1865
Country  Confederate States of America
Allegiance  Missouri
Branch  Confederate States Army
Type Infantry
Engagements Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Iuka
Battle of Corinth
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Dallas
Battle of New Hope Church
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Atlanta
Siege of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesborough
Battle of Lovejoy's Station
Battle of Franklin (1864)
Battle of Nashville
Battle of Fort Blakely

The 1st Missouri Infantry (C.S.A.) was an infantry regiment that served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Organization[]

The regiment was organized in Memphis, Tennessee and New Madrid, Missouri in June–September 1861 by Col. John S. Bowen, the regiment's first commander. The regiment was composed primarily of pro-secession Missourians from the St. Louis area and southeast Missouri. The origin of the original companies is as follows:[1]

  • Company "A": Pargoud Volunteers - New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Company "B": Wade Guards - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "C": South St. Louis Guards - Carondelet, Missouri
  • Company "D": St. Louis Greys - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "E": St. Louis Minutemen - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "F": St. Louis Southern Guards - St. Louis, Missouri
  • Company "G": New Madrid Guards - New Madrid County, Missouri
  • Company "H": Pemiscot Rifles - Pemiscot County, Missouri
  • Company "I": Missouri Guards - New Madrid County, Missouri
  • Company "K": Missouri Greys - New Madrid County, Missouri

Service[]

The unit first saw action April 6–7, 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh. After major loses during the battles of Iuka and 2nd Corinth, the regiment was reorganized at Holly Springs, Mississippi on November 7, 1862 by merging the 1st Missouri Infantry with the 4th Missouri Infantry, after which point it became known as the "1st and 4th Consolidated Missouri Infantry".

The "1st and 4th Consolidated Missouri Infantry" fought as a unit of the Confederate Army of Tennessee during the Atlanta Campaign and General John Bell Hood's 1864 invasion of Tennessee. After the failure of that campaign, the regiment was ordered to Mobile, Alabama, where they participated in the defense of Fort Blakely. The fort's garrison was surrendered on April 9, 1865 as which point the regiment functionally ceased to exist.

Commanders[]

  • Colonel John S. Bowen
  • Colonel Lucius L. Rich
  • Colonel Hugh A. Garland
  • Lt Colonel Martin Burke
  • Lt. Colonel Amos C. Riley
  • Major Robert J. Duffy
  • Major Bradford Keith
  • Major Charles C. Campbell[2]

References[]

  1. Winter, William C, Captain Joseph C. Boyce and the 1st Missouri Infantry, C.S.A., St. Louis, Missouri History Museum & University of Missouri Press, 2011, pp35-35
  2. http://www.missouridivision-scv.org/mounits/1mo-infantry.htm

External links[]

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