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1st West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
Flag of West Virginia
Active July 10, 1861 to July 8, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Cavalry
Engagements First Battle of Kernstown
Battle of Second Bull Run
Battle of Chantilly
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Cedar Creek

The 1st West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service[edit | edit source]

The 1st West Virginia Cavalry was organized at Wheeling, Clarksburg, and Morgantown in western Virginia between July 10 and November 25, 1861. An analysis of the regiment by the George Tyler Moore Center in Shepherdstown, West Virginia shows that it was composed of 32% native West Virginians, while 23% were from Pennsylvania, 16% Ohio, 6% Virginia, 10% were German immigrants and 13% were from other U.S. states.[1]

The regiment was mustered out on July 8, 1865.

Fourteen men of the regiment performed action that later earned them the Medal of Honor, the most of any Civil War regiment:[2][3]

Name Rank Company Place of action Date of action
Adams, James F.James F. Adams Private D Nineveh, Virginia November 12, 1864
Anderson, ThomasThomas Anderson Corporal I Appomattox Station, Virginia April 8, 1865
Blackmar, Wilmon W.Wilmon W. Blackmar Lieutenant H Five Forks, Virginia April 1, 1865
Boon, Hugh P.Hugh P. Boon Captain B Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865
Boury, RichardRichard Boury Sergeant C Charlottesville, Virginia March 5, 1865
Capehart, Charles E.Charles E. Capehart Major Monterey Pass, Pennsylvania July 4, 1863
Capehart, HenryHenry Capehart Colonel Greenbrier River, West Virginia May 22, 1864
Cunningham, Francis M.Francis M. Cunningham First Sergeant H Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865
Houlton, WilliamWilliam Houlton Commissary Sergeant Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865
Rowand, Jr., Archibald H.Archibald H. Rowand, Jr. Private K Winter of 1864–65
Schorn, CharlesCharles Schorn Chief Bugler M Appomattox Station, Virginia April 8, 1865
Shahan, EmisireEmisire Shahan Corporal A Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865
Shoemaker, LeviLevi Shoemaker Sergeant A Nineveh, Virginia November 12, 1864
Woods, Daniel A.Daniel A. Woods Private K Sayler's Creek, Virginia April 6, 1865

Casualties[edit | edit source]

The 1st West Virginia Cavalry suffered 10 officers and 71 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded in battle and 126 enlisted men dead from disease, for a total of 207 fatalities.[1]

Commanders[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

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