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The airstrikes in Helmand Province resulted in the highest civilian deaths since 2001.

The 2007 Helmand province airstrikes were the set of airstrikes conducted by NATO and resulted in death of at least 45 Afghan civilians. The death count in southern Helmand province was the highest since 2001, when US-led forces used heavy bombing in their campaign to drive the Taliban from power.[1][2]

Background[edit | edit source]

The War in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States. This marked the beginning of the U.S. War on Terrorism. The stated purpose of the invasion was to capture Osama bin Laden, destroy Al-Qaeda, and remove the Taliban regime which had provided support and safe harbor to Al-Qaeda. The U.S. and Britain led the aerial bombing campaign, with ground forces supplied primarily by the Afghan Northern Alliance and supplemented by NATO troops. The U.S. military name of the conflict was Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF).

A U.N. tally shows that of civilian deaths this year, 314 were caused by international or Afghan security forces, and 279 by insurgents. A similar Associated Press count, though lower, shows the same trend: 213 killed by the U.S. or NATO and 180 by the Taliban.

The event[edit | edit source]

On 22 June 2007, NATO fighters attacked alleged insurgents in South Afghanistan.[3] They targeted several houses in the southern part of Helmand province. What is not clear is exactly how many people died. It is known that women and children were among the dead, some local leaders say over 100 people were killed.[4] The US and NATO say they do not have civilian casualty figures.[4]

Afghans' reaction[edit | edit source]

Civilian deaths have infuriated Afghans. Afghan president Hamid Karzai has condemned the forces for carelessness and viewing Afghan lives as "cheap." He has also blamed the Taliban for using civilians as human shields.[5] President Hamid Karzai ordered a six-man team to conduct a more thorough investigation into the dozens of deaths in Helmand province, said Sher Mohammad Akhanzada, a member of parliament from the province. Karzai accused NATO of careless operation.[6][7]

NATO's response[edit | edit source]

NATO, which has admitted some civilians were killed in the battle late Friday but says the number is far fewer than 45, welcomed Karzai's order.

International reactions[edit | edit source]

Pakistan condemned civilian killings by NATO forces in tribal areas bordering Afghanistan.[8]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "NATO air strikes kill villagers". Herald Sun. July 2, 2007. Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. https://archive.is/5gOHf. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  2. Jason Burke (July 1, 2007). "'Up to 80 civilians dead' after US air strikes in Afghanistan". The Guardian. http://observer.guardian.co.uk/world/story/0,,2115846,00.html. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  3. "Air Raids Kill over 100 Afghans". Prensa Latina. July 1, 2007. http://www.plenglish.com/article.asp?ID=%7BC71D7B51-778C-4C07-8280-54F6E2264297%7D)&language=EN. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "US admits killing Afghan civilians". Kavkaz Center. July 1, 2007. http://kavkazcenter.com/eng/content/2007/07/01/8543.shtml. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  5. Noor Khan (July 1, 2007). "Afghans: 62 Taliban, 45 Civilians Dead". magazine. http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2007/07/01/ap3874931.html. Retrieved 2007-07-04. [dead link]
  6. David Fox (June 23, 2007). "Karzai accuses NATO of ‘careless operations' in civilian deaths". Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. http://web.archive.org/web/20070627030922/http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20070623.wkarzai0623/BNStory/International/. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  7. Rahim Faiez (June 24, 2007). "Karzai Warns NATO: Afghan Life Not Cheap". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=3309580. Retrieved 2007-07-04. [dead link]
  8. "Pakistan condemns NATO civilian killings". Al Jazeera. June 26, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-10-30. http://web.archive.org/20071030030233/www.aljazeera.com/news/newsfull.php?newid=14980. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 

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