|2008 United States consulate in Istanbul attack|
U.S. Consulate in Istanbul
|Location||Consulate of America, Istanbul, Turkey|
July 9, 2008 |
11:00 local time. (0800 GMT) – 11:15 local time. (0815 GMT)
|Gunfire at the US Consulate|
|1 Turkish National Police officer shot in arm|
The 2008 United States consulate in Istanbul attack was a result of gunfire on the consulate resulting in six casualties; of which three were the three gunmen, and three Turkish National Police officers. The attack occurred on July 9, 2008 in the morning hours, at a time when the embassy is at full function and an attack is most likely to cause more casualties. It is the responsibility of the host state to take care of security as per Article 22 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.
The attack[edit | edit source]
All three of the attackers were Turkish nationals, and ethnic Kurds. Armed with pistols and shotguns, the attackers arrived in a car and then got out. One of them quickly opened fire near the main entrance to the compound. Footage from a security camera at the site showed, as the shootout was unfolding, three armed and bearded men emerging from a Ford Focus being used as an unlicensed taxicab, killing a traffic policeman, then running toward a guard post some 50 yards away as other policemen fired back. The vehicle left the scene, but its driver later turned himself in to the authorities; he had no prior connection to the attackers. There were no casualties in the attack apart from the three attackers and three police officers.
The NTV television network and Doğan News Agency identified the attackers as Erkan Kargın, 26, and Raif Topçıl, 20, both from the southeastern city of Bitlis and Bülent Çınar, 23, from the eastern city of Iğdır. Police did not confirm their identities, but Interior Minister Besir Atalay said two of the assailants had criminal records. It was suggested that a shotgun used by Erkan Kargın and two Glock automatic pistols were purchased with a 4,000 YTL loan, withdrawn from the Istanbul branch of a bank, by Kadir Özmen. Özmen had originally planned to attend the attack, but this plan was abandoned. A 24-page indictment, prepared by the Istanbul Public Prosecutor’s Office Deputy Fikret Seçen, charged Özmen with membership of an armed terrorist organization, possession of explosives and membership in the alleged Ergenekon organization, which meant being charged with attempting to overthrow the government of the Republic of Turkey. A decision to arrest him was made, however as his ID number could not be determined, the prosecutor’s office closed the investigation.
In response to the attack, the US temporarily increased security at all of its Turkish diplomatic missions.
The unsuccessful attack showed that the (new) consulate grounds were safe for the American diplomatic staff. The project management for the land acquisition and the construction of the consulate building was headed by Gary S. Lachman while he was working as the New Embassy and Consulate Team Leader at the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations at the U.S. Department of State.
Prior attacks[edit | edit source]
In 2003 al-Qaeda had once again been claimed to be the perpetrators of the attack on the British consulate. Although the comparison is slight, it bears relevance in Turkey's burgeoning image as a target for terrorists.
International reaction[edit | edit source]
- United States - White House spokesman, Tony Fratto said, "We strongly condemn the attack." However, he did add "I'm not yet in a position to comment on the facts or nature of the attack." to Turkey Ross Wilson called the assault by gunmen on a guardpost outside the US consulate in Istanbul "an obvious act of terrorism" aimed at the United States. In remarks about the death of the three police officers he said, "The persons who lost their lives are Turkish citizens and we are very sad about that." He added that "The Turkish police responded quickly and effectively. We are deeply grateful for the work that they do to protect our official U.S. government establishments here." In response to the attack, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said, "Obviously first of all the United States deeply regrets the loss of life and condolences go out to the families of those who were killed. I know that some policemen were among those who died and we very much appreciate what was clearly a very rapid and proper response from the government to try to deal with the security situation in front of our consulate."
- Turkey - Istanbul Governor Muammer Guler stated that "There is no doubt that this is a terrorist attack" and described the three slain policemen as "martyred." President Abdullah Gul of Turkey condemned the attack and pledged that his country would "fight against those who masterminded such acts and the mentality behind it until the end."
Allegations of al-Qaeda involvement[edit | edit source]
Turkish officials initially blamed al-Qaeda, and the US did not rule out al-Qaeda support. However, the attackers had no direct connection to any transnational or indigenous terrorist group, other than possible training ties.
On July 13, 2008, one suspect was arrested and charged with membership in a terror organization in connection to the attack on the consulate. Another two individuals were also charged and released pending trials. In all, twelve individuals have been detained for questioning related to the attacks.
In December 2008, two suspected al-Qaeda members were charged over the consulate attack.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Six Killed in Gunfight Outside US Consulate in Istanbul. Deutsche Welle. 2008-07-09.
- Fraser, Susan. Gunmen attack US consulate in Turkey; 6 dead. Associated Press. The Mercury News. 2008-07-09.
- Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and Optional Protocols. Center for a World in Balance.
- Terrorists attacked US Consulate General in Istanbul reported to be Al-Qaeda members. Azeri-Press Agency. 2008-07-09.
- Sezer, Murad. Attack outside US consulate in Turkey, 6 dead. Associated Press. Google News. 2008-07-09.[dead link]
- Man charged in attack on US consulate in Turkey. Associated Press. Newsvine. 2008-07-09.
- Tait, Robert (2008-07-09). "US steps up security in Turkey after Istanbul embassy attack kills six". The Guardian. London. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/jul/09/turkey.usa1.
- White House condemns attack near US consulate in Istanbul. Agence France-Presse. 2008-07-09.
- King, Laura (2008-07-10). "Attack at the US Consulate in Turkey leaves 6 dead". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/world/asia/articles/2008/07/10/attack_at_the_us_consulate_in_turkey_leaves_6_dead/.
- Cornwell, Susan (2008-07-09). "US can't rule out al Qaeda in Istanbul attack". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSN09411069.
- [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/13/AR2008071301468.html[dead link] . The Washington Post]
- Turkey Charges 2 Al-Qaida Suspects in US Consulate Attack
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