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The '''228th Infantry Division''' ({{lang-de|228. Infanterie-Division}}) was an [[Infantry Division|infantry division]] of the German [[German Army (1935–1945)|Heer]] during [[World War II]]. It was formed in [[Wehrkreis|Wehrkreis I]] ([[East Prussia]]) in August 1939 and was dissolved in August 1940.<ref name=":1">{{Cite book|title=Die Landstreitkräfte 201-280|last=Tessin|first=Georg|publisher=Biblio Verlag|year=1977|isbn=3764810971|series=Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945|volume=8|location=Osnabrück|pages=131-134|language=German|chapter=228. Infanterie-Division}}</ref>
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The '''228th Infantry Division''' ({{lang-de|228. Infanterie-Division}}) was an [[Infantry Division|infantry division]] of the German [[German Army (1935–1945)|Heer]] during [[World War II]]. It was formed in [[Wehrkreis|Wehrkreis I]] ([[East Prussia]]) in August 1939 and was dissolved in August 1940.<ref name=":1">{{Cite book|title=Die Landstreitkräfte 201-280|last=Tessin|first=Georg|publisher=Biblio Verlag|year=1977|isbn=3764810971|series=Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945|volume=8|location=Osnabrück|pages=131–134|language=German|chapter=228. Infanterie-Division}}</ref>
   
== Operational History ==
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==Operational History==
The 228 Infantry Division was one of the divisions deployed in the immediate leadup to the [[Invasion of Poland]] and was part of the third ''[[Aufstellungswelle]]''. It was first formed on 16 August 1939 in [[Elbląg|Elbing]] and designated a training division, but had this label removed on 26 August and thus designated a full division.<ref name=":1" />
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The 228 Infantry Division was one of the divisions deployed in the immediate leadup to the [[Invasion of Poland]] and was part of the third ''[[Aufstellungswelle]]''. It was first formed on 16 August 1939 in Elbing and designated a training division, but had this label removed on 26 August and thus designated a full division.<ref name=":1" />
   
For the Invasion of Poland, 228th Infantry Division, under command of [[Hans Suttner]], was one of the two constituent infantry divisions of [[XXI Army Corps (Wehrmacht)|XXI Army Corps]] ([[Nikolaus von Falkenhorst]]) under [[3rd Army (Wehrmacht)|3rd Army]] and [[Army Group North]], the other one being [[21st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)|21st Infantry Division]] ([[Kuno-Hans von Both]]).<ref>{{Cite book|title=Poland 1939: The Birth of Blitzkrieg|last=Zaloga|first=Steven|publisher=Osprey Publishing|year=2003|isbn=1841764086|location=Oxford|pages=35|orig-year=2002}}</ref> Both the 21st and 228th Divisions were stationed in the southwest of East Prussia and were to move in a southwesterly direction towards [[Grudziądz]] and the [[Vistula]] in order to link up with the forces of [[4th Army (Wehrmacht)|4th Army]].<ref name=":0">{{Cite book|url=https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf|title=The German Campaign in Poland (1939)|last=Kennedy|first=Robert M.|publisher=United States Department of the Army|year=1956|isbn=|location=Washington D.C.|pages=|chapter=Map 6: The Concentration of German Forces}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|title=Poland 1939: The Birth of Blitzkrieg|last=Zaloga|first=Steven|publisher=Osprey Publishing|year=2003|isbn=1841764086|location=Oxford|pages=37|orig-year=2002}}</ref> 228th Infantry Division remained with XXI Army Corps only for the first few days of the campaign, for the action in the [[Danzig Corridor]], including the [[Battle of Grudziądz]] against the Polish [[4th Infantry Division (Poland)|4th]] and [[16th Infantry Division (Poland)|16th]] Infantry Divisions. The German forces were victorious, but their Polish counterparts managed to withdraw to the southeast in an orderly fashion.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf|title=The German Campaign in Poland (1939)|last=Kennedy|first=Robert M.|publisher=United States Department of the Army|year=1956|isbn=|location=Washington D.C.|pages=78-90|chapter=Chapter 6: Attack and Breakthrough}}</ref>
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For the Invasion of Poland, 228th Infantry Division, under command of [[Hans Suttner]], was one of the two constituent infantry divisions of [[XXI Army Corps (Wehrmacht)|XXI Army Corps]] ([[Nikolaus von Falkenhorst]]) under [[3rd Army (Wehrmacht)|3rd Army]] and [[Army Group North]], the other one being [[21st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)|21st Infantry Division]] ([[Kuno-Hans von Both]]).<ref>{{Cite book|title=Poland 1939: The Birth of Blitzkrieg|last=Zaloga|first=Steven|publisher=Osprey Publishing|year=2003|isbn=1841764086|location=Oxford|pages=35|orig-year=2002}}</ref> Both the 21st and 228th Divisions were stationed in the southwest of East Prussia and were to move in a southwesterly direction towards Grudziądz and the Vistula in order to link up with the forces of [[4th Army (Wehrmacht)|4th Army]].<ref name=":0">{{Cite book|url=https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf|title=The German Campaign in Poland (1939)|last=Kennedy|first=Robert M.|publisher=United States Department of the Army|year=1956|isbn=|location=Washington D.C.|chapter=Map 6: The Concentration of German Forces}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|title=Poland 1939: The Birth of Blitzkrieg|last=Zaloga|first=Steven|publisher=Osprey Publishing|year=2003|isbn=1841764086|location=Oxford|pages=37|orig-year=2002}}</ref> 228th Infantry Division remained with XXI Army Corps only for the first few days of the campaign, for the action in the [[Danzig Corridor]], including the [[Battle of Grudziądz]] against the Polish [[4th Infantry Division (Poland)|4th]] and [[16th Infantry Division (Poland)|16th]] Infantry Divisions. The German forces were victorious, but their Polish counterparts managed to withdraw to the southeast in an orderly fashion.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf|title=The German Campaign in Poland (1939)|last=Kennedy|first=Robert M.|publisher=United States Department of the Army|year=1956|isbn=|location=Washington D.C.|pages=78–90|chapter=Chapter 6: Attack and Breakthrough}}</ref>
   
228th Infantry Division was then removed from XXI Army Corps when Falkenhorst's units were transferred via East Prussia to another active front sector.<ref name=":02">{{Cite book|url=https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf|title=The German Campaign in Poland (1939)|last=Kennedy|first=Robert M.|publisher=United States Department of the Army|year=1956|isbn=|location=Washington D.C.|pages=91-108|chapter=Chapter 7: The Destruction of the Polish Army}}</ref>
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228th Infantry Division was then removed from XXI Army Corps when Falkenhorst's units were transferred via East Prussia to another active front sector.<ref name=":02">{{Cite book|url=https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf|title=The German Campaign in Poland (1939)|last=Kennedy|first=Robert M.|publisher=United States Department of the Army|year=1956|isbn=|location=Washington D.C.|pages=91–108|chapter=Chapter 7: The Destruction of the Polish Army}}</ref>
   
 
Although 228th Infantry Division was initially intended to see combat in the [[Battle of France]] in 1940, this did not come to pass, as the German victory of the French came sooner than expected. The division was dissolved on 1 August 1940 in [[Munsterlager]]. Most of its staff members went to form the staff of the newly formed 16th Motorized Infantry Division.<ref name=":1" />
 
Although 228th Infantry Division was initially intended to see combat in the [[Battle of France]] in 1940, this did not come to pass, as the German victory of the French came sooner than expected. The division was dissolved on 1 August 1940 in [[Munsterlager]]. Most of its staff members went to form the staff of the newly formed 16th Motorized Infantry Division.<ref name=":1" />
   
== Noteworthy Individuals ==
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==Noteworthy Individuals==
   
 
* [[Hans Suttner]]: Divisional commander of 228th Infantry Division from August 1939 to March 1940.
 
* [[Hans Suttner]]: Divisional commander of 228th Infantry Division from August 1939 to March 1940.
 
* [[Karl-Ulrich Neumann-Neurode]]: Divisional commander of 228th Infantry Division from March 1940 until August 1940.
 
* [[Karl-Ulrich Neumann-Neurode]]: Divisional commander of 228th Infantry Division from March 1940 until August 1940.
* [[Henning von Tresckow]]: Staff officer in 228th Infantry Division's preparation for the Invasion of Poland in 1939.<ref>{{Cite book|title=Henning von Tresckow. Ein Preuße gegen Hitler. Biographie.|last=Scheurig|first=Bodo|publisher=|year=2004|isbn=|location=Berlin|pages=78|language=German}}</ref> Later a member of the [[German resistance to Nazism|German resistance]] and involved in the [[20 July plot|20 July 1944 plot]].
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* [[Henning von Tresckow]]: Staff officer in 228th Infantry Division's preparation for the Invasion of Poland in 1939.<ref>{{Cite book|title=Henning von Tresckow. Ein Preuße gegen Hitler. Biographie.|last=Scheurig|first=Bodo|year=2004|isbn=|location=Berlin|pages=78|language=German}}</ref> Later a member of the [[German resistance to Nazism|German resistance]] and involved in the [[20 July plot|20 July 1944 plot]].
   
== References ==
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==References==
  +
<references />
<references />{{Infantry Divisions of the Wehrmacht}}{{Subject bar|portal1=Military of Germany|portal2=World War II}}
 
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{{Wikipedia|228th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)}}
 
[[Category:Military units and formations established in 1939]]
 
[[Category:Military units and formations established in 1939]]
 
[[Category:Military units and formations disestablished in 1940]]
 
[[Category:Military units and formations disestablished in 1940]]

Latest revision as of 16:45, 9 February 2020

The 228th Infantry Division (German language: 228. Infanterie-Division) was an infantry division of the German Heer during World War II. It was formed in Wehrkreis I (East Prussia) in August 1939 and was dissolved in August 1940.[1]

Operational History[]

The 228 Infantry Division was one of the divisions deployed in the immediate leadup to the Invasion of Poland and was part of the third Aufstellungswelle. It was first formed on 16 August 1939 in Elbing and designated a training division, but had this label removed on 26 August and thus designated a full division.[1]

For the Invasion of Poland, 228th Infantry Division, under command of Hans Suttner, was one of the two constituent infantry divisions of XXI Army Corps (Nikolaus von Falkenhorst) under 3rd Army and Army Group North, the other one being 21st Infantry Division (Kuno-Hans von Both).[2] Both the 21st and 228th Divisions were stationed in the southwest of East Prussia and were to move in a southwesterly direction towards Grudziądz and the Vistula in order to link up with the forces of 4th Army.[3][4] 228th Infantry Division remained with XXI Army Corps only for the first few days of the campaign, for the action in the Danzig Corridor, including the Battle of Grudziądz against the Polish 4th and 16th Infantry Divisions. The German forces were victorious, but their Polish counterparts managed to withdraw to the southeast in an orderly fashion.[5]

228th Infantry Division was then removed from XXI Army Corps when Falkenhorst's units were transferred via East Prussia to another active front sector.[6]

Although 228th Infantry Division was initially intended to see combat in the Battle of France in 1940, this did not come to pass, as the German victory of the French came sooner than expected. The division was dissolved on 1 August 1940 in Munsterlager. Most of its staff members went to form the staff of the newly formed 16th Motorized Infantry Division.[1]

Noteworthy Individuals[]

  • Hans Suttner: Divisional commander of 228th Infantry Division from August 1939 to March 1940.
  • Karl-Ulrich Neumann-Neurode: Divisional commander of 228th Infantry Division from March 1940 until August 1940.
  • Henning von Tresckow: Staff officer in 228th Infantry Division's preparation for the Invasion of Poland in 1939.[7] Later a member of the German resistance and involved in the 20 July 1944 plot.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tessin, Georg (1977). "228. Infanterie-Division" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 201-280. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 8. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 131–134. ISBN 3764810971. 
  2. Zaloga, Steven (2003). Poland 1939: The Birth of Blitzkrieg. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. pp. 35. ISBN 1841764086. 
  3. Kennedy, Robert M. (1956). "Map 6: The Concentration of German Forces". The German Campaign in Poland (1939). Washington D.C.: United States Department of the Army. https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf. 
  4. Zaloga, Steven (2003). Poland 1939: The Birth of Blitzkrieg. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. pp. 37. ISBN 1841764086. 
  5. Kennedy, Robert M. (1956). "Chapter 6: Attack and Breakthrough". The German Campaign in Poland (1939). Washington D.C.: United States Department of the Army. pp. 78–90. https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf. 
  6. Kennedy, Robert M. (1956). "Chapter 7: The Destruction of the Polish Army". The German Campaign in Poland (1939). Washington D.C.: United States Department of the Army. pp. 91–108. https://history.army.mil/html/books/104/104-20/CMH_Pub_104-20.pdf. 
  7. Scheurig, Bodo (2004) (in German). Henning von Tresckow. Ein Preuße gegen Hitler. Biographie.. Berlin. pp. 78. 

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