|22nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry|
April 1861 to August 19, 1861 (3 months)
Battle of Fort Henry|
Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Shiloh
Siege of Corinth
Battle of Iuka
Second Battle of Corinth
Siege of Vicksburg
Steele's Expedition to Little Rock
Battle of Bayou Fourche
Capture of Little Rock
The 22nd Ohio Infantry (Three Months Service) was organized at Camp Jackson in Columbus, Ohio April through May 1861 in response to President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers and mustered into service on May 23, 1861. The regiment moved to Parkersburg, Virginia, May 30, then to Burning Springs, Elizabethtown, and to Three Forks. The regiment was attached to Cox's Brigade, District of the Kanawha. It participated in operations against guerrillas in Gilmer, Calhoun and Braxton Counties and railroad guard duty until August. It mustered out on August 23, 1861. The 22nd Ohio Infantry (3 Months Service) does not share lineage with the subsequent 22nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry (3 Years Service).
The 22nd Ohio Infantry (Three Years Service) was organized at Benton Barracks in St. Louis, Missouri, originally mustered in as the 13th Missouri Volunteer Infantry (two companies were recruited in St. Louis and one was recruited in Illinois; the remainder were recruited in Ohio). It mustered in for three years service on November 5, 1861. The regiment's designation was officially changed to the 22nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry on July 7, 1862.
The regiment was attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of West Tennessee and Army of the Tennessee, to July 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Mississippi, to September 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Mississippi, to October 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Mississippi, to November 1862. 2nd Brigade, District of Corinth, Mississippi, XIII Corps, Department of the Tennessee, to December 1862. 2nd Brigade, District of Corinth, XVII Corps, to January 1863. 4th Brigade, District of Jackson, XVI Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to March 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVI Corps, to May 1863. Kimball's Provisional Division, XVI Corps, to July 1863. 2nd Brigade, Kimball's Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to August 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Arkansas Expedition, to January 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VII Corps, Department of Arkansas, to March 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps, Department of Arkansas, to May 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VII Corps, to February 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VII Corps, to August 1865.
The 22nd Ohio Infantry mustered out of service on August 28, 1865 having been reduced to two companies on November 18, 1864 when most of the regiment mustered out due to the expiration of their enlistments.
Reconnaissance from Smithland, Ky., toward Fort Henry, Tenn., January 31-February 2. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2–6. Capture of Fort Henry February 6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12–16. Expedition to Clarksville and Nashville, Tenn., February 22-March 5. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14–17. Battle of Shiloh April 6–7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville June 1–6. Duty at Corinth, Miss., until October. Expedition to Iuka, Miss., September 17–19. Battle of Corinth October 3–4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5–12. Box Ford, Hatchie River October 7 (3 companies). Near Ruckersville October 7 (detachment). Near Ripley October 7 (detachment). Garrison at Trenton and duty along line of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad until March 1863. Near Yorkville January 28, 1863. Dyersburg January 30. Moved to Jackson, Tenn., March 11, thence to Corinth, Miss., April 29, and return to Jackson, Tenn., May 3. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., May 20, then to Vicksburg, Miss., June 1. Siege of Vicksburg June 3-July 4. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Ordered to Helena, Ark., July 16. Steele's Expedition to Little Rock, Ark., August 13-September 10. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Duty at Little Rock until October 28. Ordered to Brownsville October 28, and duty there until October 24, 1864. Near Searcy May 18, 1864. Near Brownsville July 13. Near Searcy August 13. Ordered to Camp Dennison, Columbus, Ohio, October 24.
The regiment lost a total of 207 men during service; 2 officers and 36 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 167 enlisted men died of disease.
- Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
- Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War on the Rebellion, 1861–1865, Compiled Under the Direction of the Roster Commission (Akron, OH: Werner Co.), 1886-1895.
- Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers (Cincinnati, OH: Moore, Wilstach, & Baldwin), 1868. ISBN 9781154801965
- This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.
- Ohio in the Civil War: 22nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry by Larry Stevens
- Regimental flag of the 13th Missouri Volunteer Infantry (later 22nd Ohio Infantry)
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