|24th Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|
Arkansas state flag
|Active||June 6, 1862–April 26, 1865|
|Disbanded||April 26, 1865|
|Country||Confederate States of America|
|Arkansas Confederate Infantry Regiments|
|23rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment||25th Arkansas Infantry Regiment|
The 24th Arkansas Infantry (1861–1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment during the American Civil War. The unit began its service in the Department of the Trans-Mississippi, but the bulk of the unit was captured at the Battle of Arkansas Post and shipped to Northern prison camps. The unit was exchanged in Virginia and shipped to Tennessee and joined the Army of Tennessee in time for the Chattanooga Campaign and remained with the army through the Atlanta Campaign, the Franklin-Nashville Campaign and ended the war in North Carolina.
Organization[edit | edit source]
The 24th Arkansas Infantry Regiment was organized at White Sulphur Springs, Arkansas on June 6, 1862. The field officers were Colonel E. E. Portlock, Jr.; Lieutenant Colonels W. R. Hardy, E. Warfield, and T. M. Whittington; and Major F. H. Wood. The unit was composed of units from the following area:
- Company A – Commanded by Captain H. Herndon, organized in Sevier County, Arkansas on March 1, 1862.
- Company B – Commanded by Captain Francis H. Wood, organized in Palestine, Arkansas on May 12, 1862.
- Company C – Commanded by Captain J. A. Rader, organized at Falcon, Arkansas, June 16, 1862.
- Company D – Commanded by Captain J. H. Edwards, organized at Warren, Arkansas, June 16, 1862.
- Company E – "Drew County Grays" – commanded by Captain William P. Totter, organized in Montecello, Arkansas, June 16, 1862.
- Company F – Commanded by Captain William H. Prescott organized at Washington, Arkansas June 21, 1862.
- Company G – Commanded by Captain Benjamin F. McKnight, organized in Calhoun County, Arkansas, July 4, 1862.
- Company H – Commanded by Captain Ezekiel Brown, organized in Dallas, Arkansas, June 25, 1862.
- Company I – Commanded by Captain John S. Drake, organized in Danville, Arkansas, June 20, 1862.
- Company K – Commanded by Captain J. R. Arnold, organized in Pike County, Arkansas, June 11, 1862.
Battles[edit | edit source]
A large portion of the 24th Arkansas Infantry Regiment was captured at Arkansas Post, Arkansas, on January 11, 1863. The portion of the regiment which was captured was paroled on April 10, 1863 at City Point, Virginia and was reassigned to the Army of Tennessee. The 24th Arkansas was involved in the East Tennessee, Georgia and North Carolina campaigns. The remainder of the 24th (those not captured at Arkansas Post) was consolidated with Crawford's Infantry Battalion and the 19th, (Dawson's) Arkansas Infantry Regiment and became Hardy's/Dawson's Infantry Regiment early in 1863.
African Americans in Confederate Service[edit | edit source]
The men who were captured on January 11, 1863 at Arkansas Post, Arkansas, were sent to Military Prison at Camp Douglas, Illinois, and were then delivered to City Point, Virginia on April 10, 1863. The records of these prisoners bear the following notation:
"City Point VA. April 10, 1863. 'Received this 10th day of April 1863 from Cpt A. Bartlett, 9th Ver. Vols. USA (520) five hundred and twenty confederate prisoners of war and one Negro Boy, stated to be a prisoner of war.' J.H. Thompson, Commanding at City Point, VA."
It should be noted that this Confederate prisoner shown as "Negro Boy", was likely a grown man, the term "boy" being a pejorative term used by his Yankee captor.
Release to the Army of Tennessee[edit | edit source]
Of the 366 exchanged, as many as 58 either died, separated from the 24th Arkansas or left sick; about 308 men returned to service. Some 71 men had been captured but could not be accounted for. A few of these were possibly exchanged later, probably no more than a dozen at best, making the regimental strength about 320 following the exchange. The regiment was at Tullahoma for a month, under the command of Lt. Col. Augustus S. Hutchinson, where they were attached to the brigade of Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Churchill, as before. With other Arkansas and Texas troops, they were in the division of Major General Patrick Cleburn in Hardee's Corps, a part of the Army of Tennessee under the command of Lieutenant General Braxton Bragg. The company strengths at this time were:
- Company A – 2 officers and 36 enlisted men, total 38.
- Company B – 3 officers and 32 enlisted men, total 35.
- Company C – 3 officers and 27 enlisted men, total 30.
- Company D – 1 officer and 30 enlisted men, total 31.
- Company E – 3 officers and 27 enlisted men, total 30.
- Company F – 4 officers and 30 enlisted men, total 34.
- Company G – 4 officers and 28 enlisted men, total 32.
- Company H – 2 officers and 58 enlisted men, total 60.
- Company I – 3 officers and 40 enlisted men, total 43.
- Company K – 3 officers and 23 enlisted men, total 26.
- Regt Staff – 4 officers and 1 enlisted man, total 5.
The portion of the regiment which was reformed in the Army of Tennessee was assigned to Deshler's, Liddell's, and Govan's Brigades, and in September, 1863, consolidated with the 19th (Dawson's) Regiment. The 19th/24th lost thirty-eight percent of the 226 engaged at the Battle of Chickamauga.
In December 1863 the 24th Arkansas Infantry was added to the consolidated 2nd/15th Arkansas, under the Command of Lieutenant Colonel E. Warfield and the 2nd/15th/24th totaled 295 men and 202 arms in December 1863. On December 29, 1863, Colonel Daniel Govan of the 2nd Arkansas was promoted to the rank of brigadier general. The consolidated unit participated in all the battles of the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign including the Siege of Chattanooga September to November 1863; Battle of Chattanooga, the Battle of Ringgold Gap.
When General Joseph E. Johnston assumed command of the Army of Tennessee to oppose General Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, Govan's Brigade was reorganized and only the 2nd and 24th were united. The 2nd/24th Arkansas participated in the battles of Dalton, Resaca, New Hope Church, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, and the Siege of Atlanta. The consolidated 2nd/24th Arkansas reported 130 casualties during the campaign.
The regiment and it colors were captured, along with much of Govan's Brigade at the Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia on Sept. 1, 1864. Due to a special cartel between Union General Sherman and Confederate General John B. Hood, the unit was quickly paroled and exchanged for Union prisoner held at Andersonville Prison. The regiment re-entered service approximately a month later.
The regiment and the rest of Govan's Brigade was released in time to participate in General John B. Hood's disastrous Franklin-Nashville Campaign. Due to the appalling losses suffered by Govan's Brigade during the Atlanta Campaign, the 1st/15th, 5th/13th and 2nd/24th Arkansas Regiments were consolidated into one regiment, which was commanded by Colonel Peter Green of the 5th/13th (specifically of the 5th). The other officers of the consolidated regiment were Major Alexander T. Meek, of the 2nd/24th Arkansas, Captain Mordecai P. Garrett and Sergeant Major Thomas Benton Moncrief of the 15th Arkansas. The consolidated regiment fought under the colors of the consolidated 5th/13th Arkansas Regiment, because this was one of the only colors not captured when Govan's Brigade was overrun at the Battle of Jonesboro. The flag of the combined 5th/13th Arkansas was issued in March 1864 and was captured by Benjamin Newman of the 88th Illinois Infantry at the battle of Franklin. The consolidated regiment numbered just 300 rifles and sustained 66% casualties during the Battle of Franklin.
The remnants of Govan's Brigade that survived the Tennessee Campaign remained with the Army of Tennessee through its final engagements in the 1865 Carolinas Campaign. Major Alexander T. Meek was killed in the attack and now buried in the Carnton Conferate Cemetery in Franklin Tennessee.
The 24th Arkansas Infantry Regiment participated in the following engagements:
- Battle of Arkansas Post, Arkansas, January 11, 1863.
- Chickamauga Campaign, Georgia, August–September, 1863.
- Chattanooga Campaign, September to November 1863.
- Atlanta Campaign, May to September 1864.
- Battle of Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia, May 5–11, 1864.
- Battle of Resaca, Georgia, May 14–15, 1864.
- Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia, May 25 - June 4, 1864.
- Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864.
- Battle of Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 20, 1864.
- Siege of Atlanta, Georgia, July 22, 1864.
- Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia, August 31 to September 1, 1864.
- Franklin–Nashville Campaign September 18 to December 27, 1864.
- Carolinas Campaign, February to April 1865.
- Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, March 19–21, 1865.
Consolidation and Surrender[edit | edit source]
The remnants of ten depleted Arkansas regiments, along with one mostly-Arkansas regiment, in the Army of Tennessee were consolidated into a single regiment at Smithfield, North Carolina, on April 9, 1865. The 1st Arkansas, was lumped together with the 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 15th, 19th and 24th Arkansas Infantry Regiments and the 3rd Confederate Infantry Regiment as the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry on April 9, 1865. On April 26, 1865 the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry Regiment was present with the Army of Tennessee when it surrendered in Greensboro, North Carolina.
References[edit | edit source]
- Sifakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, ISBN 978-0-8160-2288-5, page 110
- United States. War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1887, Page 173; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154629/m1/183/?q=Arkansas%20Infantry : accessed February 17, 2012), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
- "24th Arkansas Infantry Regiment", Hardys in the Civil War, Accessed 23 November 2011, http://thehardyparty.com/civil_war/24th_regiment_ark.htm
- National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, Confederate Arkansas Troops, 24th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- Howerton, Bryan, "24TH ARKANSAS INFANTRY REGIMENT", Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Page, Accessed 30 January 2011, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/24infdx.html
- Gerdes, Edward G., "24TH ARKANSAS INFANTRY REGIMENT", Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Home Page, accessed 21 July 2011, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/24infdx.html
- Pence, Merrill; "19th Arkansas Infantry Regiment Vols CSA (Dawsons" Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 9 March 2007, Accessed 3 February 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/arcwmb/webbbs_config.pl?noframes;read=15092
- Wright, Marcus J., General Officers of the Confederate Army, J. M. Carroll & Co., 1983, ISBN 0-8488-0009-5, p. 117.
- The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 - Volume 31 (Part II), page 755, Accessed 26 June 2012. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;q1=Govan;rgn=full%20text;idno=waro0055;didno=waro0055;node=waro0055%3A5;view=image;seq=757;page=root;size=100
- National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, Confederate Arkansas Troops, 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Page, THE HISTORY OF THE 2D ARKANSAS INFANTRY REGIMENT CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA, Accessed 3 January 2010. http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/2dinf__hist.html
- United States. War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. Part 3, Reports., Book, 1891; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154634/ : accessed June 26, 2012), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
- "Arkansas Confederate Regimental Histories". Internet Archive Wayback Machine. http://web.archive.org/web/20071212052703/http://asms.k12.ar.us/armem/welch/ar_infy.htm. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- "General Sherman Burning Atlanta". Son of the South. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/union-generals/sherman/memoirs/general-sherman-burning-atlanta.htm. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- Wernick, John. "Re: 5th Arkansas Infantry", The Civil War Flags Message Board, Posted 10 January 2008, Accessed 15 February 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/cwflags/webbbs_config.pl?read=5234
- White, Lee "Re: Govan’s Brigade at Franklin", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 28 August 2004, Accessed 26 June 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/arcwmb/arch_config.pl?read=8306
- Sikakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, ISBN 978-0-8160-2288-5, page 71
- White, Lee "Re: Govan’s Brigade at Franklin", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 28 August 2004, Accessed 26 June 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/arcwmb/arch_config.pl?read=8303
- Sikakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, ISBN 978-0-8160-2288-5, page 118
- United States. War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 30, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1890; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth152978/ : accessed June 27, 2012), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
- Sikakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, ISBN 978-0-8160-2288-5, page 93
- 1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment, CSA
- Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Home Page
- The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
- The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies
- The Arkansas History Commission, State Archives, Civil War in Arkansas
- List of Arkansas Civil War Confederate units
- Lists of American Civil War Regiments by State
- Confederate Units by State
- Arkansas in the American Civil War
- Arkansas Militia in the Civil War
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park Service".
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