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252nd Naval Air Group
Air Group 252 Zeros at Misawa.jpg
Air Group 252 zeros at Misawa Air Base in May 1944
Active 1 November 1942 – September 1945
Country Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Branch Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy
Type Naval aviation unit
Role Air superiority
Fighter aircraft support
Size 45-65 aircraft
Garrison/HQ Tateyama Air Base
Misawa Air Base
Aircraft flown A6M Zero
Engagements

World War II

The 252nd Naval Air Group (第二五二海軍航空隊 Dai 252 Kaigun Kōkūtai?) was a fighter aircraft unit of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the Pacific campaign of World War II. The unit was formed on 1 November 1942 by separating the fighter squadron from the Genzan Air Group.

The unit, equipped with A6M Zero fighter aircraft, was involved in several major battles in the south and central Pacific from 1942 to 1943, including the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. After being annihilated in combat over the Marshall Islands in 1943, the unit was reconstituted in Japan in February 1944 and helped defend the home islands against Allied offensives, including B-29 bomber attacks from the Mariana Islands.

References[]

  • Hata, Ikuhiko; Yasuho, Izawa (1989). Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units in World War II. Gorham, Don Cyril (translator). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-315-6. 

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