The 2nd alpine Artillery Regiment Italian language: 2° Reggimento Artiglieria Alpina ) was a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments have served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, which distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. Besides their close history, the Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share the distinctive Cappello Alpino. The regiment was disbanded in 2013 and its FH-70 towed howitzers were transferred to the re-raised 185th Parachute Artillery Regiment Folgore of the Folgore Parachute Brigade in Bracciano.
The unit was raised as 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment in the city of Bergamo on 15 February 1915. On the same date it received the Mountain Artillery Group Oneglia from the 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment and the Mountain Artillery Group Bergamo from the 2nd Mountain Artillery Regiment. To bring the regiment to full strength on the same date the mountain artillery groups Genova and Como were raised. The regiment was tasked to provide artillery support to the 1st and 5th Alpini regiments and recruited in Liguria and Lombardy.
World War 1
During the war the regiment's depots raised and trained the commands of one mountain artillery grouping (Raggruppamento Artiglieria Montagna), the commands of 17 mountain artillery groups (Gruppo Artiglieria Montagna), and 44 mountain artillery batteries, which were each equipped with four 65/17 mod. 13 cannons. Furthermore, two commands of siege groups (Gruppo d'Assedio), and 19 siege batteries were raised and trained by the regiment.
- The regiment raised the following mountain artillery grouping: 7°.
- The regiment raised the following mountain artillery groups: XVII (72nd, 73rd, 74th bty.), XVIII (75th, 76th, 77th bty.), XXIV (56th, 60th, 62nd bty.), XXVII (88th, 89th, 90th bty.), XXXI (97th, 98th, 99th bty.), XXXII, XL, XLV, XLVI, XLVII, XLVIII, LV, LVI, LVII, LIX, LX, and LXVI.
|3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment, in Bergamo|
|Oneglia Depot||Genova Depot||Bergamo Depot||Como Depot|
|(IX) Mountain Artillery Group Oneglia||(X) Mountain Artillery Group Genova||(XI) Mountain Artillery Group Bergamo||(XII) Mountain Artillery Group Como|
Interwar Years - New Numbering
Traditionally Alpini units had been numbered from West to East with the 1st Alpini Regiment being the most westward and the 8th Alpini Regiment being the most eastward. However as the 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment had been raised last it found itself now in the middle between the 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment in the West and the 2nd Mountain Artillery Regiment in the East. To rectify this on 11 March 1926 the 2nd and 3rd mountain artillery regiments swapped numbers.
The regiment was part of the Army's Artillery Command and was equipped with FH-70 towed howitzers.
- Regimental Command
- F. dell'Uomo, R. Puletti (1998). L'Esercito Italiano verso il 2000 - Vol. Primo - Tomo II. Rome: SME - Ufficio Storico. p. 190.
- "Storia dell'Artiglieria da Montagna". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/organizzazione/250-storia-dellartiglieria-da-montagna. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- L'Esercito Italiano nella Grande Guerra 1915-18 - Volume III Tomo 1 - Le Operazioni del 1916. Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. 1940. pp. 26–27. https://issuu.com/rivista.militare1/docs/vol-i_narrazione_doppio-testo_low. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- L'Esercito Italiano nella Grande Guerra 1915-18 - Volume I Tomo 1 - Le Forze Belligeranti. Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. 1940. pp. 95–97. https://issuu.com/rivista.militare1/docs/vol-i_narrazione_doppio-testo_low. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- "3° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna". Vecio.it. http://www.vecio.it/cms/index.php/reparti-alpini/reggimenti-artiglieria/254-3-reggimento-artiglieria-da-montagna. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
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