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2nd Mounted Division
Country United Kingdom
Branch Yeomanry
Service history
Active World War I
August 1914 - January 1916
Battles Battle of Gallipoli
Battle of Sari Bair
Battle of Scimitar Hill
Commanders
Commanders General Sir William Eliot Peyton KCB KCVO DSO
Insignia

The 2nd Mounted Division was a yeomanry (Territorial Army cavalry) division that served in the First World War. At the outbreak of war it was assigned to defence of the Norfolk coast. In March 1915 it formed a second-line duplicate of itself, the 2/2nd Mounted Division. Leaving the 2/2nd on coastal defence, it then fought at Gallipoli from April to December 1915, under the command of Major General William Peyton, before being disbanded in January 1916.

A different 2nd Mounted Division, was formed in Egypt in 1918 from the Indian elements of the 5th Cavalry Division in France, but then renumbered as the 5th Cavalry Division, served in Palestine and was a part of the Palestine Occupation Force.

FormationEdit

Initial compositionEdit

1st South Midland Mounted Brigade (later 1st (1st South Midland) Mounted Brigade)

In January 1916 the brigade was renamed the 5th Mounted Brigade and moved to the Imperial Mounted Division.

2nd South Midland Mounted Brigade (later 2nd (2nd South Midland) Mounted Brigade)

In January 1916 the brigade was renamed the 6th Mounted Brigade and moved to the Imperial Mounted Division.

Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade (later 3rd (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Mounted Brigade)

In January 1916 the brigade was renamed the 7th Mounted Brigade and was moved to Salonika as an independent unit.

London Mounted Brigade (later 4th (London) Mounted Brigade)

In January 1916 the brigade was renamed the 8th Mounted Brigade and moved to the Yeomanry Mounted Division.

Yeomanry Mounted Brigade (designated 5th Mounted Brigade while attached to the division)

In December 1915 the brigade left the 2nd Mounted Division and had been broken up by March 1916.

Later compositionEdit

Due to losses during the Battle of Scimitar Hill and wastage during August 1915, the 2nd Mounted Division had to be reorganised. On 4 September 1915, the 1st and 2nd Composite Mounted Brigade were formed, and the Scottish Horse and Highland Mounted Brigades joined.

1st Composite Mounted Brigade

Component units were reformed after withdrawing from Gallipoli.

2nd Composite Mounted Brigade

Component units were reformed after withdrawing from Gallipoli.

Scottish Horse Mounted Brigade 

The brigade joined the division at Suvla in September 1915 and was then merged with the 1st Dismounted Brigade in February 1916.

Highland Mounted Brigade

The brigade joined the division at Suvla in September 1915 and was then merged with the 2nd Dismounted Brigade in February 1916.

Unit historyEdit

Attacks across the salt lake at Suvla to capture and lose Scimitar Hill for the final time.

BattlesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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