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30e Escadre de Chasse
30th Hunter Escadre
Insignia of the Escadre
Insignia of the Escadre
Active September 3, 2015 - present
Country Flag of France.svg France
Branch French-roundel French Air Force
Type Chasse Fr
Hunter Eng
Size 4 Squadrons
1 Center
1 Inter-arm Team
Part of

Brigade Aérienne de l'Aviation de Chasse
(BAAC)
composed of:

ECE 1/30 Côte d'Argent
EC 2/30 Normandie-Niemen
EC 3/30 Lorraine
ESTA 15/30 Chalosse
CFR 23/30
ETIR 61.30
Equipment Mirage 2000
Rafale

The 30e Escadre de Chasse 30e EC or 30th Hunter Escadre (French language:30e Escadre de Chasse) is a fighter[1] formation of the Aerial Brigade of Fighter Hunter Aviation (French language:Brigade Aérienne de l'Aviation de Chasse) (BAAC) of the French Air Force consisting of several squadrons (French language:Escadron), centers and inter-arm units.

HistoryEdit

Vautour230normandieweb

Vautour IIN of the 2/30.

Two French air force Dassault Mirage F1C aircraft

A Mirage F1 of the actual Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen (French language:Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Normandie-Niemen) and another Mirage of the actual Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine (French language:Escadron de Chasse 3/30 Lorraine) in 1986 armed with Matra R530. Both respective squadron insignias are visible on the aircraft.

Dassault Mirage F1C 50 30-MB LEB 07.06.75 edited-2

F1C of the 2/30 Normandie-Niemen at the Salon du Bourget in 1975.

AMD Mirage F.1B EC.01.030 ALSACE BA132 Colmar-Meyenheim 518 30-SR Special marks Colmar EC.01.030 (2999499300)

Mirage F1B of the 1/30 Alsace bearing a special decoration for the 65th Anniversary (1941-2006) of the Escadron (Squadron).

ToursEdit

Representing the traditions of the Night Hunter Fighter Group 1/31- Groupe de Chasse de Nuit 1/31 Lorraine, the 30th Mixed Instruction and Night Hunter Escadre - 30e Escadre Mixte d'Instruction et de Chasse de Nuit was created on May 1, 1953 on the base of Tours. Flying the Gloster Meteor NF.11, the latter was compromised of three night hunter fighter squadrons : Escadron de Chasse de Nuit (ECN) 1/30 Loire, Escadron de Chasse de Nuit 2/30 Camargue , Escadron de Chasse de Nuit 3/30 Lorraine. The "Camargue" possessed a couple of Meteor Mk.7 for the transformation of new pilots on the English jet. As of 1957, the Escadre passed to Vautour IIN and became the 30th Hunter Fighter All-Times/All-Weather Escadre - 30e Escadre de Chasse Tout Temps[2] on May 1, 1957. During the same time, the Camargue Squadron was dissolved.

At Reims on VautourEdit

With the return from Morocco of the Hunter Fighter Pilot School (French language:l'Ecole de Chasse) which left Aerial Base 708 Meknes (French language:Meknès) and garrisoned at Aerial Base 705 Tours (French language:Tours), the 30th Escadre moved to Reims, however the latter's squadrons were spread over three bases. Between October 1961 and July 1962, the "1/30 Loire" was attached to the 10e Escadre de Chasse (French language:10e Escadre de Chasse) at Aerial Base 110 Creil (French language:Creil). The "3/30 Lorraine" garrisoned at Reims. The 2/6 Normandie-Niemen left the Aerial Base 141 Oran la Sénia (French language:Oran la Sénia) for Aerial Base 115 Orange-Caritat (French language:Orange), where the later became the 2/30 Normandie-Niemen. On July 1965, the "1/30 Loire" which garrisoned at Reims since August 1962, was dissolved. One year later the "2/30" left indefinitely Orange to garrison at Reims. The two squadrons of the 30e Escadre flew on Vautour IIN until 1973.

On Mirage F1CEdit

On December 20, 1973, the seven Mirage F1C arrived at Reims to equip the 2/30 Normandie-Niemen. The 30e ECTT became then the 30e Escadre de Chasse (30e EC). Following the dissolution of the 10e Escadre de Chasse and the closure of the Aerial Base of Creil in June 1985, the Hunter Fighter Squadron - Escadron de Chasse 1/10 Valois recently transformed on Mirage F1C garrisoned at Reims and became the "1/30 Valois". The 30e EC accordingly possessed three Hunter Fighter Squadrons, each equipped with 15 monopalces Mirage F1C. On July 1, 1988, the "3/10 Vexin" on the Aerial Base of Djibouti, on Mirage F1C, was attached to the 30e Escadre while assuming the denomination of "4/30 Vexin".

On July 1988, the "3/30" inherited pilots on the Mirage F1 from the transformation mission (until then reserved for the Fighter Hunter Squadron -Escadron de chasse 3/5 Comtat Venaissin (French language:Escadron de chasse 3/5 Comtat Venaissin) on Aerial Base 115 Orange-Caritat). The squadron gained the enrichment of the third Escadrille (SPA 62) and Mirage F1B biplaces.

The endEdit

The 30e Escadre de Chasse was dissolved on the Aerial Base of Reims on June 27, 1994. The "1/30 Valois" was dissolved the same day, while the other three squadrons kept for a couple more years their inherited enumeration of the "30".

The recreationEdit

The 30e Escadre de Chasse was reformed on the Aerial Base 118 Mont-de-Marsan (French language:base de Mont-de-Marsan) on September 3, 2015. The Escadre is equipped with multi-role hunters (French language:chasseurs) Dassault Rafale.

CompositionEdit

As of September 9, 2015, the 30e Escadre is composed of the following units:[3]

Historic SquadronsEdit

LoireEdit

  • Escadron de Chasse 1/30 Loire (French language:Escadron de chasse 1/30 Loire) : from May 1, 1953 until October 1, 1961 and from July 1, 1962 until March 1, 1965.

CamargueEdit

  • Escadron de Chasse 2/30 Camargue

LorraineEdit

Normandie-NiémenEdit

ValoisEdit

VexinEdit

Aerial BasesEdit

  • Aerial Base 705 Tours (French language:BA705 Tours) : from May 1, 1953 to March 1961
  • Aerial Base 112 Reims-Champagne (French language:BA112 Reims) : from March 1961 to June 27, 1994
  • Aerial Base 118 Djibouti (French language:BA188 Djibouti) : from August 1, 1988 until June 27, 1994
  • Aerial Base 118 Mont-de-Marsan (French language:fr:Base aérienne 118 Mont-de-Marsan) : from September 3, 2015 – present

EquipmentEdit

Equipment (French language:Appareil)[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. The word "Fighter" (in reference to a Fighter aircraft) in the English language doesn't exist in the French Air Force repertoire; therefore the article was created under the official French designation; however these are Fighter formations.
  2. The French word "Temps" (French language:Temps) can mean and refer exactly to either Time or the Weather in English. The other French word "Tout" means in English "All". Hence, the French words of "Tout Temps" can mean either "All-Times or "All Weather.
  3. http://www.deltareflex.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=25301#p25301
  4. The French word "Temps" (French language:Temps) can mean and refer exactly to either Time or the Weather in English. The other French word "Tout" means in English "All". Hence, the French words of "Tout Temps" can mean either "All-Times or "All Weather.
  5. The French word "Temps" (French language:Temps) can mean and refer exactly to either Time or the Weather in English. The other French word "Tout" means in English "All". Hence, the French words of "Tout Temps" can mean either "All-Times or "All Weather.
  6. In the French word "Appareil" means "Device" in English. "Device" can be applicable in describing categorization of an aircraft type; however, the proper term for such reference would be "Equipment".

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