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23rd Signal Construction Battalion
312th Communications Reconnaissance Battalion
312th Military Intelligence Battalion
312 MIBN
312th Military Intelligence Battalion Coat of Arms.png
Coat of Arms of the battalion
Active 1943—1946
1951—1953
1955—1957
1981—2005
Country United States
Branch

Flag of the United States Army (1775).gif United States Army

Type Military Intelligence Collection Unit
Role Military Intelligence
Size Battalion
Part of 1st Cavalry Division
Nickname(s) 312 MI Battalion
Motto(s) "Semper Veritas" (Always the Truth)
Engagements World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Gulf War
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Insignia
Identification
symbol
312th Military Intelligence Battalion Insignia
The 312th Military Intelligence Battalion is a military intelligence battalion of the United States Army currently serving under the 1st Cavalry Division. The battalion before joining the division was part of the former III Corps while based in Germany but re-assigned following the 2003-2006 re-organisation of combat arms support units. In 2005 the battalion was inactivated and reduced to a company of the Special Troops Battalion of the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division.

StructureEdit

The structure of the battalion before being reduced;[1]

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 312th Military Intelligence Battalion "The Headhunters"
  • A Company
  • B Company "The Bulldogs"
  • C Company
  • D Company "The Daggers"

LineageEdit

  • Constituted 31 December 1943 in the Army of the United States as the 23rd Signal Construction Battalion
    • Activated 10 February 1944 at Camp Pickett, Virginia
    • Redesignated 24 April 1944 as the 23rd (Light) Signal Construction Battalion
    • Reorganized and redesignated 21 August 1944 as the 23rd (Heavy) Signal Construction Battalion
    • Inactivated 22 January 1946 at Fort Lawton, Washington
    • Redesignated and allotted to the Regular Army 27 September 1951 as the 23rd Signal Construction Battalion
  • Activated 2 November 1951 in South Korea
    • Inactivated 15 May 1953 in South Korea
    • Converted and redesignated 19 May 1955 as the 312th Communications Reconnaissance Battalion
  • Activated 25 June 1955 in West Germany
    • Redesignated 1 July 1956 as the 312th Army Security Agency Battalion
    • Inactivated 15 October 1957 in West Germany
    • Redesignated 1 October 1981 as the 312th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • Activated 1 October 1981 and concurrently assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Hood, Texas

Annex 1

  • Constituted 11 May 1962 in the Regular Army as C Company, 313th Army Security Agency Battalion

Annex 2

  • Constituted 25 September 1950 in the Regular Army as the 191st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
    • Activated 6 October 1950 in South Korea
    • Inactivated 24 June 1956 in South Korea
  • Activated 15 October 1957 in South Korea
    • Reorganized and redesignated 15 May 1959 as the 191st Military Intelligence Company
    • Inactivated 15 August 1972 in South Vietnam
  • Activated 21 June 1975 at Fort Hood, Texas and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division

HonorsEdit

Campaign Participation Credit

  • Battalion HQ
    • World War II; Asiatic-Pacific Theater, Streamer without inscription
    • Korean War; UN Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, Korea Summer-Fall 1952, Third Korean Winter
    • Southwest Asia; Defense of Saudi Arabia, Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
  • A Company
    • Vietnam; Defense, Counteroffenseive Phases I II III IV V VI and VII,Tet Counteroffensive, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive
  • B Company
    • Korean War; UN Offensive, CCF Intervention, First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Spring Offensive
    • Vietnam; Defense, Counteroffensive Phases II III IV V VI VII, Tet Counteroffensive, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sancutary Counteroffensive, Consolidations I and II, Cease-Fire

Decorations

  • Meritorius Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroided SOUTHWEST ASIA
  • Company A additionally entitled to:
    • Presidental Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered PLEIKU PROVINCE
    • Presidental Unit Citation (army), Streamer embroidered BINH THUAN PROVINCE
    • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered FISH HOOK
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965-1966
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-1968
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1969
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970-1971
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965-1969
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969-1970
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970-1971
    • Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969-1971
  • Company B additionally entitled to:
    • Presidental Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered PLEIKU PROVINCE
    • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered FISH HOOK
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered KOREA
    • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-1968
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965-1969
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969-1970
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970-1971
    • Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1971-1972
    • Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969-1971

Heraldic ItemsEdit

Coat of Arms:

  • Shield: Argent, on a taeguk proper and enflamed torch palewise in front of two lightning flashes saltirewise of the first, on a chief wavy azure a chess knight argent.
  • Crest: None approved
  • Motto: Semper Veritas (Always the Truth)
  • Symbolism: Oriental blue and silver gray (white) are the colors traditionally associated with military intelligence. The wavy parition alludes to service in the Pacific in World War II; the taeguk to service in Korea. The crossed flashes refer to the units' origin as signal and its present combat electronic warfare and intelligence function. The torch is the symbol of truth and reflects the motto and the mission of the unit. The chess knight, a piece that can move convertly, further symbolizes the military intelligence mission.

Distinctive Unit Insignia:

  • The distinctive unit insignia is the shield and motto of the coat of arms.

NotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "312th Military Intelligence Battalion, "Silent Warriors". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 1 December 2019

ReferencesEdit

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