|9th Guards Airborne Division (15 December 1942-19 June 1945) |
116th Guards Rifle Division (19 June 1945-1946)
|Type||Airborne, Infantry, Mechanized, Tank|
|Battle honours||Order of Suvorov 2nd class|
The 32nd Guards Tank Division was a tank formation of the Soviet Army/Soviet Ground Forces. Its predecessor, the 9th Guards Airborne Division, was a Red Army Airborne division of World War II. On 19 June 1945, it became the 116th Guards Rifle Division. In 1946, it became the 14th Guards Mechanized Division. In 1957, it became the 14th Guards Motorized Rifle Division. In 1982, it became the 32nd Guards Tank Division, which was disbanded in June 1989.
History[edit | edit source]
The 9th Guards Airborne Division was formed on 15 December 1942 in the Moscow Military District from the 204th and 211th Airborne Brigades and the 1st Maneuver Airborne Brigade of 1st Airborne Corps. In February 1943, it became part of the 1st Shock Army. Beginning on 12 March 1943, the division fought in the Staraya Russa Offensive Operation. After the end of the Starayarussa Operation, the division was transferred to Stavka reserve and in May was transferred to the 5th Guards Army of the Steppe Front. During July and August, the 9th Guards Airborne fought in the Battle of Kursk. They were particularly distinguished during the defence of Prokhorovka, where they repulsed German counterattacks by the Leibstandarte. As part of the 33rd Guards Rifle Corps, the division participated in the Belgorod-Khar'kov Offensive Operation.
In September 1943, it fought in the Chernigov-Poltava Offensive. On 22 September, in conjunction with the 95th Rifle Division and the 84th Rifle Division, the division crossed the Vorskla River and stormed Poltava. For its participation in the capture of Poltava, the division was given the title "Poltava". At the end of September, the division captured Kremenchuk. On 6 December, the division participated in the capture of Oleksandriia.
On 22 March 1944, the 9th Guards Airborne crossed the Southern Bug in the area of Ivanovka. It participated in the capture of Pervomaisk and crossed the Dniester on the night of 13 April, capturing Grigoriopol. For their actions in the capture of Pervomaisk, the division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. During the Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive, the division repulsed German counterattacks, although its commanding officer, Ivan Pichugin, was killed on 4 August, in the area of Mielec and defending the Sandomierz bridgehead. In the Sandomierz–Silesian Offensive, the 9th Guards Airborne broke through German defences and on 14 January 1945 crossed the Nida. On 21 January it captured Rosenberg and on 24 January crossed the Oder. For its actions in Poland, it was awarded the Order of Suvorov 2nd class on 19 February 1945.
During February and March, the 9th Guards Airborne participated in the Lower Silesian Offensive and the Upper Silesian Offensive. On 20 April, during the Berlin Offensive, the division stormed Spremberg. In early May, it repulsed a German counterattack near Schwepnitz. The 9th Guards Airborne ended the war in Prague. On 4 June, it was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 2nd class for its actions during the capture of Dresden.
On 13 June, the 9th Guards Airborne Division became the 116th Guards Rifle Division. In 1946, it became the 14th Guards Mechanized Division. In 1957, it became the 14th Guards Motorized Rifle Division. The division participated in Operation Danube in 1968 as part of the 1st Guards Tank Army . In 1982, it became the 32nd Guards Tank Division, which was disbanded in June 1989 after withdrawal from Jüterbog .
Commanders[edit | edit source]
- Colonel M.V. Grachev (10 December 1942 – 13 January 1943)
- Colonel Konstantin Nikolaevich Vindushin (13 January-19 March 1943)
- Major General Alexander Mikhailovich Sazonov (19 March 1943 – 6 March 1944)
- Major General Ivan Pichugin (20 March-6 August 1944)
- Colonel Fedor Afanasiev (12–30 August 1944)
- Colonel Paval Shumeev (6 September 1944 – 1 May 1945)
- Colonel EM Golub (2 May-12 June 1945)
Composition[edit | edit source]
- 23rd Guards Airborne Regiment
- 26th Guards Airborne Regiment
- 28th Guards Airborne Regiment
- 7th Guards Airborne Artillery Regiment
References[edit | edit source]
- Pettibone, Charles D. (2009-11-18). The Organization and Order of Battle of Militaries in World War II: Volume V - Book B Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 9781426978159. https://books.google.com/books?id=Vr4Xr1EeezQC.
- Feskov et al 2013
- "14th Guards Motorised Rifle Division". http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/msd/14gvmsd.htm. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- "9-я гвардейская Полтавская воздушно - десантная дивизия". http://samsv.narod.ru/Div/Vdd/gvdd009/default.html. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- "Гвардейские воздушно-десантные |". http://myfront.in.ua/krasnaya-armiya/divizii/gvardejskie-vozdushno-desantnye.html. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- Glantz, David M. (1994-01-01). The History of Soviet Airborne Forces. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780714641201. https://books.google.com/books?id=0erZZt-EGDQC&pg=PA68&dq=9th+guards+airborne+division&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CBwQ6AEwAGoVChMI8djQ8b-VyAIVyNOACh1VQgb1#v=onepage&q=9th%2520guards%2520airborne%2520division&f=false.
- Zaloga, Steve (1995-01-01). Inside the Blue Berets: A Combat History of Soviet and Russian Airborne Forces, 1930-1995. Presidio. ISBN 9780891413998. https://books.google.com/books?id=AHHfAAAAMAAJ.
- Glantz, David M.; House, Jonathan Mallory (1999-01-01). The Battle of Kursk. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700609789. https://books.google.com/books?id=N_RmAAAAMAAJ.
- Clark, Lloyd (2011-11-04). The Battle of the Tanks: Kursk, 1943. Grove/Atlantic, Inc.. ISBN 9780802195104. https://books.google.com/books?id=Z97QrFfY3vAC.
- Glantz, David M. (2014-02-04). From the Don to the Dnepr: Soviet Offensive Operations, December 1942 - August 1943. Routledge. ISBN 9781135181307. https://books.google.com/books?id=vAnKAgAAQBAJ.
- "ВОЕННАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА --[ Мемуары -- Жадов А. С. Четыре года войны"]. http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/zhadov_as/index.html. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- "Сталин И.В. Приказ Верховного Главнокомандующего 23 сентября 1943 года [№ 22"]. http://grachev62.narod.ru/stalin/orders/chapt022.htm. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- Glantz, David M.; Orenstein, Harold Steven; shtab, Soviet Union Raboche-Krestʹi͡anskai͡a Krasnai͡a Armii͡a Generalʹnyĭ (2002-01-01). The Battle for L'vov, July 1944: The Soviet General Staff Study. Psychology Press. ISBN 9780714652016. https://books.google.com/books?id=kZTMvuGW8zkC.
- "32 Гвардейская танковая дивизия". http://polk69wunsdorf.narod.ru/simple7.html. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
- Ленский, Андрей Григорьевич; Цыбин, М. М. (2001-01-01) (in ru). Советские сухопутные войска в последний год Союза ССР: справочник. В&К. https://books.google.com/books?id=GujyAAAAMAAJ.
- "Действующая армия. Перечни войск. Перечень № 6. Танковые дивизии. Гвардейские воздушно-десантные дивизии.". http://www.teatrskazka.com/Raznoe/Perechni_voisk/Perechen_06_02.html#02. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
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