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34th Artillery Division (1945–1993)
34th Guards Artillery Division (1993–2009)
Active 1945–2009
Country Soviet Union
Russian Federation
Branch Soviet Army
Russian Ground Forces
Type Artillery
Garrison/HQ Potsdam
Mulino
Decorations Order of Red Banner Order of the Red Banner
Order of Suvorov 2nd class Order of Suvorov
Battle honours Perekop

The 34th Guards Artillery Division was an artillery division of the Russian Ground Forces and the Soviet Army. It was formed postwar in Potsdam as the 34th Artillery Division and served there with the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. In 1993 it inherited the honors of the disbanded 2nd Guards Artillery Division. The division withdrew to Mulino in 1994 and was disbanded in 2009.

HistoryEdit

The division was formed as the 34th Artillery Division as part of the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany's 4th Artillery Corps at Potsdam in September 1945. It included the 30th and 38th Guards and the 148th Cannon Artillery Brigades.[1] In 1953, the 4th Artillery Corps was disbanded and the division was directly subordinated to the GSFG Staff.[2]

In 1958, the 38th Guards Cannon Artillery Brigade was renamed the 243rd Guards Cannon Artillery Regiment. In 1960, the 30th Guards Cannon Artillery Brigade became the 248th Guards Cannon Artillery Regiment. The 148th Cannon Artillery Brigade returned to the Soviet Union in 1960 with the 6th Artillery Division. The 17th Cannon Artillery Regiment and 245th Heavy Howitzer Regiment were transferred to the 34th from the 6th Division.[2]

In 1970, the 245th Regiment became the 288th Heavy Howitzer Artillery Brigade, and the 258th Guards Regiment became the 286th Guards Cannon Artillery Brigade. In 1974, the 243rd became the 303rd Guards Cannon Artillery Brigade, and the 17th Regiment became the 307th Reactive Artillery Brigade. In 1982, the 303rd was rearmed with 48 2S7 Pion. In 1989, the 303rd was rearmed with the 2S5 Giatsint-S, The 122nd Anti-Tank Artillery Brigade joined the brigade in January 1989.[2]

In 1993, the division inherited the honors of the disbanded 2nd Guards Artillery Division and became the 34th Guards Perekop Red Banner Order of Suvorov Artillery Division. In September 1994 it was withdrawn to Mulino, where it replaced the 20th Artillery Training Division.[3] The division was disbanded in 2009.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Feskov et al 2013, p. 287
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Holm, Michael. "34th Artillery Division". http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/arty/34ad.htm. 
  3. Feskov et al 2013, p. 290
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013) (in Russian). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской. Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306. 



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