|35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade|
|Active||1 April 1938–1 June 1948|
5th AA Division|
2 AA Group
35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in the British Territorial Army (TA) formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II. It defended the important naval base of Portsmouth during The Blitz.
Origins[edit | edit source]
Order of Battle[edit | edit source]
- 56th (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA
- HQ at Falmouth
- 165th (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Redruth
- 201st (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Padstow
- 202nd (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Par
- 203rd (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Penzance
- 57th (Wessex) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA
- HQ at Portsmouth
- 213th (Portsmouth) Anti-Aircraft Battery
- 214th (Southsea) Anti-Aircraft Battery
- 215th (Gosport & Fareham) Anti-Aircraft Battery
- 216th (Isle of Wight & Cosham)) Anti-Aircraft Battery
- 72nd (Hampshire) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA – Heavy AA unit formed in 1938 by conversion of 95th (Hampshire) Field Brigade, RA
- 48th (Hampshire) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, RE – searchlight regiment organised in 1937 from Hampshire Fortress Engineers, RE 
- HQ at Portsmouth
- 391st Anti-Aircraft Company at Portsmouth
- 392nd Anti-Aircraft Company at East Cowes, Isle of Wight
- 393rd Anti-Aircraft Company at Gosport
- 394th Anti-Aircraft Company at Southampton
- 35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade Company, Royal Army Service Corps
World War II[edit | edit source]
During 1940 the AA regiments of the RA were designated 'Heavy AA', and the RE units transferred to the RA as 'Searchlight Regiments'. During the Blitz, 35 AA Bde had the following composition:
- 72 HAA Rgt RA – as above
- 48 S/L Rgt RA – as above
- 80th (Berkshire) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery - formed on 1938 by expansion of 264th (Berkshire) Field Battery of 66th (South Midland) Field Brigade, RA
- HQ at Reading, Berkshire
- 249 (Berkshire Royal Horse Artillery) at Reading
- 250 (Reading) at Reading
- 251 (Buckinghamshire) at Slough
- 252 (City of Oxford) at Oxford
- 118th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery – new regiment formed in December 1940
Together with the searchlights of 27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 35 AA Bde was responsible for the air defence of the city and naval base of Portsmouth. It remained part of 5 AA Division until AA Command was reorganised and the divisions were scrapped in September 1942, after which it became part of 2 AA Group.
Postwar[edit | edit source]
- 393 (Mixed) (Hampshire) HAA Regiment at Southampton – new unit, shortly afterwards renumbered as 675 (M) (Hampshire) HAA Regiment. 'Mixed' indicated that members of the Women's Royal Army Corps were integrated into the unit
- 535 (Hampshire) LAA Regiment at Eastleigh – reconstituted from 35 LAA Regiment lost at the Fall of Singapore in 1942
However, the brigade was disbanded on 1 June 1948.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- 5 AA Division 1939 at British Military History
- AA Command 3 September 1939 at Patriot Files
- Litchfield, pp. 34–5.
- 56 HAA Rgt at RA 39–45
- Litchfield, pp. 89–91.
- 57 HAA Rgt at RA 39–45
- Litchfield, p. 95.
- 72 HAA Rgt at RA 39–45
- Litchfield, p. 97.
- 48 S/L Rgt at RA 39–45
- 5 AA Division 1940 at British Military History
- 5 AA Division at RA 39–45
- 80 HAA Rgt at RA 39–45
- Litchfield, p. 21.
- 118 HAA Rgt at RA 39–45
- AA Command 1940 at at British Military History
- Litchfield, Appendix 5.
- Watson, TA.
- AA Bdes at British Army 1945 on.
- 372–413 Rgts at British Army 1945 on.
- 520–563 Rgts at British Army 1945 on.
- Litchfield, p. 100.
References[edit | edit source]
- Norman E.H. Litchfield, The Territorial Artillery 1908–1988 (Their Lineage, Uniforms and Badges), Nottingham: Sherwood Press, 1992, ISBN 0-9508205-2-0.
Online sources[edit | edit source]
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