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35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade
Active 1 April 1938–1 June 1948
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg Territorial Army
Type Anti-Aircraft Brigade
Role Air Defence
Part of 5th AA Division
2 AA Group
Garrison/HQ Fareham
Engagements The Blitz

35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in the British Territorial Army (TA) formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II. It defended the important naval base of Portsmouth during The Blitz.

Origins[edit | edit source]

35th Anti-Aircraft (AA) Brigade was formed on 1 April 1938 at Fareham, and was assigned to 5th AA Division from its formation on 1 September that year.[1]

Order of Battle[edit | edit source]

On the outbreak of World War II, 35 AA Brigade comprised the following units of the Royal Artillery (RA) and Royal Engineers (RE):[1][2]

  • 56th (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA[3][4]
    • HQ at Falmouth
    • 165th (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Redruth
    • 201st (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Padstow
    • 202nd (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Par
    • 203rd (Cornwall) Anti-Aircraft Battery at Penzance
  • 57th (Wessex) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA[5][6]
    • HQ at Portsmouth
    • 213th (Portsmouth) Anti-Aircraft Battery
    • 214th (Southsea) Anti-Aircraft Battery
    • 215th (Gosport & Fareham) Anti-Aircraft Battery
    • 216th (Isle of Wight & Cosham)) Anti-Aircraft Battery

World War II[edit | edit source]

During 1940 the AA regiments of the RA were designated 'Heavy AA', and the RE units transferred to the RA as 'Searchlight Regiments'.[11] During the Blitz, 35 AA Bde had the following composition:[12][13][14]

  • 72 HAA Rgt RA – as above
  • 48 S/L Rgt RA – as above

Together with the searchlights of 27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 35 AA Bde was responsible for the air defence of the city and naval base of Portsmouth. It remained part of 5 AA Division until AA Command was reorganised and the divisions were scrapped in September 1942, after which it became part of 2 AA Group.[12][14][17]

Postwar[edit | edit source]

When the TA was reconstituted on 1 January 1947, 35 AA Bde was reformed at Fareham as 61 AA Brigade (TA). Still forming part of 2 AA Group, it comprised the following units:[18][19][20]

However, the brigade was disbanded on 1 June 1948.[20]

Notes[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  • Norman E.H. Litchfield, The Territorial Artillery 1908–1988 (Their Lineage, Uniforms and Badges), Nottingham: Sherwood Press, 1992, ISBN 0-9508205-2-0.

Online sources[edit | edit source]

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